News / USA

    Report: United States Receives a 'B' Rating on Nuclear Disarmament

    From left, Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, and Defense Secretary Robert Gates, testify on Capitol Hill in Washington, before the Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on the new START Treaty, 17 Jun 2010 (file pho
    From left, Energy Secretary Steven Chu, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, and Defense Secretary Robert Gates, testify on Capitol Hill in Washington, before the Senate Armed Services Committee hearing on the new START Treaty, 17 Jun 2010 (file pho

    A new report on nuclear disarmament gives the United States a "B" rating and says all nations with nuclear capabilities need to work harder to control the proliferation of atomic weapons.

    The new study, called 2009-2010 Report Card, by the independent Arms Control Association grades 11 countries that either possess nuclear weapons or seek atomic arsenals based on their efforts to meet internationally-recognized disarmament goals.

    No nation received an "A" rating. The United States and Britain received the highest grades, earning "B"s, while North Korea was the only country to receive an "F" - or failing grade. Iran and Syria also fared poorly, earning "D"s. The other nations - China, France, India, Israel, Russia and Pakistan - fell somewhere near the middle.

    Daryl Kimball, the Executive Director of the Arms Control Association, said, "The bottom line conclusion is the global system that has been established over the decades to reduce nuclear weapons dangers is neither on the verge of collapse nor is it on the cusp of success."

    According to the report, the United States needs to reduce its nuclear arsenal.

    The lead author of the report, Peter Crail, said the new strategic arms reduction treaty signed by the United States and Russia this year would help both nations improve their rankings. The accord, however, has yet to be ratified.

    "We did not give the United States and Russia full credit because, as [Kimball] mentioned, they still have to go through their ratification process. And, of course, I should mention that as the two countries with the largest arsenals, they should be expected to lead the way in arms reductions," said Crail.

    The New START treaty would reduce both countries' nuclear arsenals to 30 percent below their 2002 levels.

    The study says North Korea has violated nearly every nonproliferation and disarmament standard during the 18-month time frame covered by the report. It notes that Pyongyang tested a nuclear device in 2009, separated plutonium for atomic weapons production and engaged in nuclear threats with its neighbors.

    But Kimball said it could be worse. "There is in the nuclear nonproliferation world an overall grade that's worse than an "F" - perhaps its an "F minus" or a "G" and that is because North Korea is not known to have transferred nuclear weapons material to other states or terrorists."

    Two other countries listed as "states of concern" by the report are Iran and Syria. The report cites both countries for failing to provide international inspections of their nuclear programs, which are believed to be intended for weapons making.

    Israel received a "C minus" grade due to the lack of transparency of its nuclear program.

    You May Like

    Self-doubt, Cultural Barriers Hinder Cambodian Women in Tech

    Longtime Cambodian tech observer Sok Sikieng says that although more women have joined profession in recent years, there remain significant factors hindering women from reaching tech potential

    Trans-Adriatic Pipeline to Boost European Energy Security

    $4.5 billion-pipeline will become operational in 2020 and will deliver gas from Azerbaijan’s Shah Deniz II field to southern Italy

    Video California Celebration Showcases Local Wines, Balloons

    Annual festival showcases the region's harvested agriculture, fine wines and offers opportunities to experience the gentle breeze in a hot air balloon flight

    This forum has been closed.
    Comments
         
    There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    Vietnamese-American Youth Optimistic About Obama's Visit to Vietnami
    X
    Elizabeth Lee
    May 22, 2016 6:04 AM
    U.S. President Barack Obama's visit to Vietnam later this month comes at a time when Vietnam is seeking stronger ties with the United States. Many Vietnamese Americans, especially the younger generation, are optimistic Obama’s trip will help further reconciliation between the two former foes. Elizabeth Lee has more from the community called "Little Saigon" located south of Los Angeles.
    Video

    Video Vietnamese-American Youth Optimistic About Obama's Visit to Vietnam

    U.S. President Barack Obama's visit to Vietnam later this month comes at a time when Vietnam is seeking stronger ties with the United States. Many Vietnamese Americans, especially the younger generation, are optimistic Obama’s trip will help further reconciliation between the two former foes. Elizabeth Lee has more from the community called "Little Saigon" located south of Los Angeles.
    Video

    Video First-generation, Afghan-American Student Sets Sights on Basketball Glory

    Their parents are immigrants to the United States. They are kids who live between two worlds -- their parents' homeland and the U.S. For many of them, they feel most "American" at school. It can be tricky balancing both worlds. In this report, produced by Beth Mendelson, Arash Arabasadi tells us about one Afghan-American student who seems to be coping -- one shot at a time.
    Video

    Video Newest US Citizens, Writing the Next Great Chapter

    While universities across the United States honor their newest graduates this Friday, many immigrants in downtown Manhattan are celebrating, too. One hundred of them, representing 31 countries across four continents, graduated as U.S. citizens, joining the ranks of 680,000 others every year in New York and cities around the country.
    Video

    Video Vietnam Sees Strong Economic Growth Despite Incomplete Reforms

    Vietnam has transformed its communist economy to become one of the world's fastest-growing nations. While the reforms are incomplete, multinational corporations see a profitable future in Vietnam and have made major investments -- as VOA's Jim Randle reports.
    Video

    Video Qatar Denies World Cup Corruption

    The head of Qatar’s organizing committee for the 2022 World Cup insists his country's bid to host the soccer tournament was completely clean, despite the corruption scandals that have rocked the sport’s governing body, FIFA. Hassan Al-Thawadi also said new laws would offer protection to migrants working on World Cup construction projects. VOA's Henry Ridgwell reports.
    Video

    Video Infrastructure Funding Puts Cambodia on Front Line of International Politics

    When leaders of the world’s seven most developed economies meet in Japan next week, demands for infrastructure investment world wide will be high on the agenda. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s push for “quality infrastructure investment” throughout Asia has been widely viewed as a counter to the rise of Chinese investment flooding into region.
    Video

    Video Democrats Fear Party Unity a Casualty in Clinton-Sanders Battle

    Democratic presidential front-runner Hillary Clinton claimed a narrow victory in Tuesday's Kentucky primary even as rival Bernie Sanders won in Oregon. Tensions between the two campaigns are rising, prompting fears that the party will have a difficult time unifying to face the presumptive Republican nominee, Donald Trump. VOA national correspondent Jim Malone has more from Washington.
    Video

    Video Portrait of a Transgender Marriage: Husband and Wife Navigate New Roles

    As controversy continues in North Carolina over the use of public bathrooms by transgender individuals, personal struggles with gender identity that were once secret are now coming to light. VOA’s Tina Trinh explored the ramifications for one couple as part of trans.formation, a series of stories on transgender issues.
    Video

    Video Amerikan Hero Flips Stereotype of Middle Eastern Character

    An Iranian American comedian is hoping to connect with American audiences through a film that inverts some of Hollywood's stereotypes about Middle Eastern characters. Sama Dizayee reports.
    Video

    Video Budding Young Inventors Tackle City's Problems with 3-D Printing

    Every city has problems, and local officials and politicians are often frustrated by their inability to solve them. But surprising solutions can come from unexpected places. Students in Baltimore. Maryland, took up the challenge to solve problems they identified in their city, and came up with projects and products to make a difference. VOA's June Soh has more on a digital fabrication competition primarily focused on 3-D design and printing. Carol Pearson narrates.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora