News / USA

    Obama Announces Historic Revamp of US-Cuba Relations

    US-Cuba Relations to Normalize After 50 Yearsi
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    December 18, 2014 5:08 AM
    The U.S. decision to normalize relations with Cuba after more than half a century is getting mixed reaction. Many agree with President Barack Obama that keeping Cubans at bay is an outdated approach that has failed to advance U.S. interests. Critics say normalizing relations with Cuba will endorse its authoritarian communist regime. Mr. Obama's announcement Wednesday coincided with an exchange of prisoners the two countries held on spying charges. Zlatica Hoke has this story.
    Watch video report from VOA's Zlatica Hoke.
    VOA News

    U.S. President Barack Obama announced a major shift in U.S. relations with Cuba on Wednesday, after the country’s communist leaders released Alan Gross, an American who had been imprisoned there for five years.

    Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro, in simultaneous speeches from Washington and Havana, said they had exchanged American and Cuban prisoners each had held for years. They will also open a path to increased economic and travel ties between the two countries, ending more than a half-century of diplomatic isolation borne in the Cold War.

    "Isolation has not worked. It's time for a new approach," Obama said, in explaining the move toward normalizing relations. "I believe this contact will do more to empower the Cuban people."

    In lauding the move, Castro said, "We have decided to re-establish diplomatic relations" with the U.S.

    A screenshot from Cuban television shows President Raul Castro addressing the country, in Havana, Dec. 17, 2014.A screenshot from Cuban television shows President Raul Castro addressing the country, in Havana, Dec. 17, 2014.
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    A screenshot from Cuban television shows President Raul Castro addressing the country, in Havana, Dec. 17, 2014.
    A screenshot from Cuban television shows President Raul Castro addressing the country, in Havana, Dec. 17, 2014.

    He said, "This decision by President Barack Obama deserves respect and recognition by our people," but he also called for a complete end to the U.S. economic blockade.

    The two leaders talked by phone for more than 45 minutes on Tuesday, the first substantive presidential contact between the U.S. and Cuba since 1961.

    Gross' release

    Later Wednesday, Gross made a short statement in Washington. He said he had learned of his impending release on Tuesday. He said he was happy to be home and that he was thankful for all those who worked for his release.

    Obama said Gross and a man described as "one of the most important (U.S.) intelligence agents" were exchanged for three Cuban intelligence operatives who had spent more than a decade in U.S. prisons.

    Alan Gross (R) speaks with his wife Judy shortly before leaving Havana, Dec. 17, 2014, in this photo tweeted by U.S. Sen. Jeff Flake (R-AZ).Alan Gross (R) speaks with his wife Judy shortly before leaving Havana, Dec. 17, 2014, in this photo tweeted by U.S. Sen. Jeff Flake (R-AZ).
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    Alan Gross (R) speaks with his wife Judy shortly before leaving Havana, Dec. 17, 2014, in this photo tweeted by U.S. Sen. Jeff Flake (R-AZ).
    Alan Gross (R) speaks with his wife Judy shortly before leaving Havana, Dec. 17, 2014, in this photo tweeted by U.S. Sen. Jeff Flake (R-AZ).

    Talks for Gross' release lasted about a year, with the Vatican playing a significant role, Democratic Senator Dick Durbin said Wednesday.

    Both Obama and Castro thanked Pope Francis, the first Latin American pontiff, in starting a dialogue between the two countries.

    The Vatican replied on Wednesday that, in recent months, Francis had written letters to both leaders, inviting them to “resolve humanitarian questions of common interest, including the situation of certain prisoners, in order to initiate a new phase in relations” between the two countries.

    Watch related video by VOA White House Correspondent Luis Ramirez:

    Obama Starts Dismantling Cuba Embargoi
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    Luis Ramirez
    December 17, 2014 10:19 PM
    President Obama has announced a major shift in U.S. policy toward Cuba and begun dismantling the decades-old embargo against the communist island nation. VOA White House correspondent Luis Ramirez reports.


    Changes in coming weeks, months

    The two countries are expected in the coming weeks to negotiate an agreement to lead both countries to opening embassies in each other's capitals.

    Obama said business and travel ties will be launched, but that he will have to negotiate with the U.S. Congress over ending the country's economic blockade against Cuba.

    Also, the U.S. Treasury said in the coming weeks that financial sanctions on Cuba will be amended. And the U.S. will unfreeze U.S. bank accounts of Cubans who no longer live in Cuba, the White House said. 

    Obama has also asked Secretary of State John Kerry to review Cuba's designation as a state sponsor of terrorism. "This review will be guided by the facts and the law," he said. "A nation that meets our conditions and renounces the use of terrorism should not face this sanction.''

    Kerry said that he would travel to Cuba at some point in the future. "I look forward to being the first Secretary of State in 60 years to visit Cuba," Kerry said in a statement.

    Assistant Secretary of State for the Western Hemisphere Roberta Jacobson will travel to Cuba in January to discuss the renewal of diplomatic relations, he added.

    "As we did with Vietnam, changing our relationship with Cuba will require an
    investment of time, energy and resources," Kerry said.

    In the coming months the U.S. also will work with Cuba on such issues as migration, counternarcotics, human trafficking and the environment.

    Critical of plans

    In responding to Obama, U.S. House Speaker John Boehner said, “Relations with the Castro regime should not be revisited, let alone normalized, until the Cuban people enjoy freedom - and not one second sooner. … If anything, this emboldens all state sponsors of terrorism. …”  

    However, Boehner said he felt “great joy and relief for Alan Gross and his family.”

    U.S. Republican Senator Marco Rubio of Florida, a Florida Republican who is Cuban-American, said, “The White House has conceded everything, but gained little."

    It is Cuba’s human rights record that has kept the administration from moving to strengthen relations and possibly ease or lift the embargo.

    U.S. Senator Bob Corker, who will lead the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in the new Congress, said Wednesday he wanted to know more about what Cuba would do in return for any shift in U.S. policy and will “closely examine” the issue.

    Economics

    U.S. Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Thomas Donohue hailed the president’s announcement Wednesday, saying, “We deeply believe that an open dialogue and commercial exchange between the U.S. and Cuban private sectors will bring shared benefits, and the steps announced today will go a long way in allowing opportunities for free enterprise to flourish.”

    An end to the five-decade U.S. trade embargo against Cuba would provide a major boost to the communist island's economy, but American cruise lines were also expected to benefit from the thaw.

    Wednesday's news that Washington and Havana are to resume diplomatic and trade ties sent shares climbing for three Florida-based cruise line operators. American tourists, the world's most keen cruise customers, may now be able to land in Cuba and use their U.S. credit cards.

    Steps by Obama toward normalizing relations with Cuba could stir opposition from some sectors of the large community of Cuban exiles, who have traditionally been politically well connected and well financed.

    Immediately following Obama's speech, Cuban Americans and other Latin Americans in Miami, Florida, had mixed feelings toward the news.  

    However, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said he “heartily welcomes” moves by Cuba and American leaders to begin to mend relations between the two nations.

    Russia also welcomed the thaw in relations between the U.S. and Cuba, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said, according to Interfax.

    The United States imposed a trade embargo against Cuba in 1960, and the two countries have not had official diplomatic relations since 1961. The U.S. enacted the embargo shortly after Communists took over the island, seized U.S. property, and began a series of human rights violations.

    Back in US

    The plane carrying Gross landed at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland Wednesday shortly after 11 a.m. EST (1600 GMT).

    Gross, 65, had been arrested by Cuba on December 3, 2009. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) subcontractor was later convicted and sentenced to 15 years in prison for importing banned technology and trying to establish clandestine Internet service for Cuban Jews.

    Gross' wife, Judy, said in a recent interview that her husband was becomingly increasingly despondent. Judy Gross said earlier this month that since Gross' imprisonment, he had lost more than 100 pounds, could barely walk due to chronic pain, and had lost five teeth and much of the sight in his right eye.

    Meanwhile, a Department of Justice official said Wednesday that three former Cuban intelligence agents have been transferred to Cuba after Obama commuted their sentences. Justice spokesman Brian Fallon said Luis Medina, Gerardo Hernandez and Antonio Guerrero had been released from custody and flown to Cuba.

    The three were part of the so-called Cuban Five, who were convicted for spying on anti-Castro exile groups in Florida and monitoring U.S. military installations, and they have spent more than 15 years in U.S. prisons.

    Some material for this report came from VOA White House correspondent Luis Ramirez, Reuters, AP and AFP.

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    Comment Sorting
    Comments
         
    by: almoros from: cameroon
    December 19, 2014 4:49 AM
    Thank you, Pope Francis! Really, Great News!

    by: Kafantaris from: Warren, Ohio
    December 18, 2014 3:46 AM
    About time.

    by: tlh74 from: USA
    December 18, 2014 3:29 AM
    I see this as promise and hope for a better future, not just for Americans and Cubans but people in general.
    The benefits far outweigh the risks.
    It's time to stand up for humanity and rid ourselves of our barbaric tendencies.
    It's a whole new world.

    by: Kuom Viet Nam
    December 17, 2014 10:21 PM
    20 years ago, President Bill Clinton also said "I believe this contact will do more to empower the Vietnam people". But nothing have been changed. We have not been justice and free as what president Bill clinton said.

    by: fixento from: PA
    December 17, 2014 4:23 PM
    Why would Obama want to normalize Cuba, a communist country, that has a poor human rights record and poverty. Is this just another derision from the real issues of immigration. I assume now the Democrats will have voting registration booths on the beaches in addition to those on the Mexican border. At same time he picks a fight with a super power that has elected representatives and sides with a two bit nation with an appointed president after they disposed of the elected one. Other than the 12 trillion dollars debt, encouraging racial discord, a healthcare system that's a disaster, higher taxes, a failed world foreign policy, unconstitutional appointments and executive orders, killing four American citizens without due process, pathological liar, a environmental agreement with China that has to nothing for sixteen years and the list goes on so what will be Obama's legacy?

    by: Pjr from: Brazil
    December 17, 2014 2:13 PM
    --- Great News---

    I am so happy with this decision. For many years, only the people was suffering with this "isolation", but, the leaders aren´t, they live like kings in their castles.

    Never forget that...only the people are suffering, simple person.

    If the governments want to solve some problem, try no punish the innocents. If you are against this situation. Put yourself in that country with your sons and imagine living there without structures and necessities basics (again with your family).

    Good decision and I want that improve the life of everyone.

    by: Godwin from: Nigeria
    December 17, 2014 1:03 PM
    Have you been deceived to believe this? USA has no right to question the human rights record of Cuba. That’s hypocrisy. Weighed against the backdrop of the Michael Brown and Garner police brutality, the heightened human rights abuses under president Obama effectively negates every justification for the US to accuse Cuba of human rights violation. However, why is the US suddenly interested in normalizing relations with Cuba? Has Cuba changed/improved its human rights record?

    The Obama administration, despite increased hostility towards neighbors, Cuba, Venezuela, downgraded human rights record and failing popularity, suddenly wants to normalize relations with Cuba? This has nothing to do with Alan Gross – after all he has been in the Cuban prison long enough. Gross was conceived as a last resort to leveraging Havana wooing in order to further diminish the horizon for Moscow and constrain it under the US-inspired sanctions Will Havana fall for this pin-fall diplomacy? When Havana falls, can Caracas sustain the diplomatic war or will it simply cave in? Alan Gross is simply a diversion, and “isolation has not worked” is a face-saving statement; the issue is all about Russia and making sure there is no anchor for it near USA’s borders
    In Response

    by: snowey from: USA
    January 04, 2015 12:43 PM
    You are 100% wrong, Russia been in Cuba over 50Yrs. So you are saying is took the USA 50Yrs to notice Russia being to close. I don't think so.
    In Response

    by: Drew Palmer from: Fort Lauderdale, FL.
    December 18, 2014 3:44 AM
    I respectfully disagree.

    Cuba's outreach to the world is wonderful and amazing ever. The U.S. should at least pretend to be ashamed that we can't do as much for the world.

    In Response

    by: Marcus Aurelius II from: NJ USA
    December 17, 2014 1:46 PM
    ??? What does Cuba have that's of any value to Russia? Russia has oil, Cuba has sugar. Two banana republics with different bananas trading them. Two broken economies. Two dictatorships. Two government that repress their people. That's it. The sooner both of them are gone, the better for their people and the world. President Obama isn't helping any and he won't win many friends for Hillary Clinton's campaign with this.

    by: Marcus Aurelius II from: NJ USA
    December 17, 2014 12:16 PM
    This is a horrible mistake. Obama isn't leading from the rear he's in full retreat. Gross never should have gone to Cuba. The Cuban five should never have been released. Sanctions against Cuba should be tightened, not loosened. We should never forget that this regime tried to persuade the USSR to launch a nuclear first strike against the US.

    We should treat them as the enemy they are until there is a regime change that alters Cuba's reality 180 degrees. We should not be propping up the Castro brothers' communist dictatorship, we should be working to bring it to an end. Many thousands of Cuban refugees and their progeny who have a great deal of money and skill acquired here in the US are waiting for this change so that they can invest and rebuild Cuba. President Obama, you are not helping any. Rethink your position. Don't do this.

    by: Gilberto from: Brazil
    December 17, 2014 11:34 AM
    Great news, not only for Cuba, but for the American continent as a whole.
    I hope this inaugurate a new future between the two nations in order to improve the living conditions of Cuban and relationship between the two countries.
    In Response

    by: snowey from: USA
    January 04, 2015 12:45 PM
    AMEN!!

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