News / Middle East

    Saudi Arabia Warns of Shift Away from US Over Syria, Iran

    FILE - Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan seen at his palace in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, June 4, 2008.
    FILE - Saudi Prince Bandar bin Sultan seen at his palace in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, June 4, 2008.
    Reuters
    Upset with President Barack Obama's policies on Iran and Syria, members of Saudi Arabia's ruling family are threatening a rift with the United States that could take the alliance between Washington and the kingdom to its lowest point in years.
     
    Saudi Arabia's intelligence chief is vowing that the kingdom will make a “major shift” in relations with the United States to protest perceived American inaction over Syria's civil war as well as recent U.S. overtures to Iran, a source close to Saudi policy said on Tuesday.
     
    Prince Bandar bin Sultan told European diplomats that the United States had failed to act effectively against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, was growing closer to Tehran, and had failed to back Saudi support for Bahrain when it crushed an anti-government revolt in 2011, the source said.
     
    “The shift away from the U.S. is a major one,” the source close to Saudi policy said. “Saudi doesn't want to find itself any longer in a situation where it is dependent.”
     
    It was not immediately clear whether the reported statements by Prince Bandar, who was the Saudi ambassador to Washington for 22 years, had the full backing of King Abdullah.
     
    The growing breach between the United States and Saudi Arabia was also on display in Washington, where another senior Saudi prince criticized Obama's Middle East policies, accusing him of “dithering” on Syria and Israeli-Palestinian peace.
     
    In unusually blunt public remarks, Prince Turki al-Faisal called Obama's policies in Syria “lamentable” and ridiculed a U.S.-Russian deal to eliminate Assad's chemical weapons. He suggested it was a ruse to let Obama avoid military action in Syria.
     
    “The current charade of international control over Bashar's chemical arsenal would be funny if it were not so blatantly perfidious. And designed not only to give Mr. Obama an opportunity to back down [from military strikes], but also to help Assad to butcher his people,” said Prince Turki, a member of the Saudi royal family and former director of Saudi intelligence.
     
    The United States and Saudi Arabia have been allies since the kingdom was declared in 1932, giving Riyadh a powerful military protector and Washington secure oil supplies.
     
    The Saudi criticism came days after the 40th anniversary of the October 1973 Arab oil embargo imposed to punish the West for supporting Israel in the Yom Kippur war.
     
    That was one of the low points in U.S.-Saudi ties, which were also badly shaken by the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks on the United States. Most of the 9/11 hijackers were Saudi nationals.
     
    Saudi Arabia gave a clear sign of its displeasure over Obama's foreign policy last week when it rejected a coveted two-year term on the U.N. Security Council in a display of anger over the failure of the international community to end the war in Syria and act on other Middle East issues.
     
    Prince Turki indicated that Saudi Arabia will not reverse that decision, which he said was a result of the Security Council's failure to stop Assad and implement its own decision on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
     
    “There is nothing whimsical about the decision to forego membership of the Security Council. It is based on the ineffectual experience of that body,” he said in a speech to the Washington-based National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations.
     
    'Friends and Allies'
     
    In London, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said he discussed Riyadh's concerns when he met Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal in Paris on Monday.
     
    Kerry said he told the Saudi minister no deal with Iran was better than a bad deal.

    “I have great confidence that the United States and Saudi Arabia will continue to be the close and important friends and allies that we have been,” Kerry told reporters.
     
    Prince Bandar is seen as a foreign policy hawk, especially on Iran. The Sunni Muslim kingdom's rivalry with Shi'ite Iran, an ally of Syria, has amplified sectarian tensions across the Middle East.
     
    A son of the late defense minister and crown prince, Prince Sultan, and a protege of the late King Fahd, he fell from favor with King Abdullah after clashing on foreign policy in 2005.
     
    But he was called in from the cold last year with a mandate to bring down Assad, diplomats in the Gulf say. Over the past year, he has led Saudi efforts to bring arms and other aid to Syrian rebels.
     
    “Prince Bandar told diplomats that he plans to limit interaction with the U.S.,” the source close to Saudi policy said.

    Relations have been on downturn
     
    “This happens after the U.S. failed to take any effective action on Syria and Palestine. Relations with the U.S. have been deteriorating for a while, as Saudi feels that the U.S. is growing closer with Iran and the U.S. also failed to support Saudi during the Bahrain uprising,” the source said.
     
    The source declined to provide more details of Bandar's talks with the diplomats, which took place in the past few days.
     
    But he suggested that the planned change in ties between the energy superpower and the United States would have wide-ranging consequences, including on arms purchases and oil sales.
     
    Saudi Arabia, the world's biggest oil exporter, plows much of its earnings back into U.S. assets. Most of the Saudi central bank's net foreign assets of $690 billion are thought to be denominated in dollars, much of them in U.S. Treasury bonds.
     
    “All options are on the table now, and for sure there will be some impact,” the Saudi source said.
     
    He said there would be no further coordination with the United States over the war in Syria, where the Saudis have armed and financed rebel groups fighting Assad.
     
    The kingdom has informed the United States of its actions in Syria, and diplomats say it has respected U.S. requests not to supply the groups with advanced weaponry that the West fears could fall into the hands of al Qaeda-aligned groups.
     
    Saudi anger boiled over after Washington refrained from military strikes in response to a poison gas attack in Damascus in August when Assad agreed to give up his chemical weapons arsenal.
     
    'A big mistake'
     
    Representative Chris Van Hollen, a member of the U.S. House of Representatives' Democratic leadership, told Reuters' Washington Summit on Tuesday that the Saudi moves were intended to pressure Obama to take action in Syria.
     
    “We know their game. They're trying to send a signal that we should all get involved militarily in Syria, and I think that would be a big mistake to get in the middle of the Syrian civil war,” Van Hollen said. “And the Saudis should start by stopping their funding of the al Qaeda-related groups in Syria. In addition to the fact that it's a country that doesn't allow women to drive,” said Van Hollen, who is close to Obama on domestic issues in Congress but is less influential on foreign policy.
     
    Saudi Arabia is concerned about signs of a tentative reconciliation between Washington and Tehran, something Riyadh fears may lead to a “grand bargain” on the Iranian nuclear program that would leave Riyadh at a disadvantage.
     
    Prince Turki expressed doubt that Obama would succeed in what he called an “open arms approach” to Iran, which he accused of meddling in Syria, Lebanon, Yemen, Iraq and Bahrain.
     
    “We Saudis observe President Obama's efforts in this regard. The road ahead is arduous,” he said. “Whether [Iranian President Hassan] Rouhani will succeed in steering Iran toward sensible policies is already contested in Iran. The forces of darkness in Qom and Tehran are well entrenched.”
     
    The U.N. Security Council has been paralyzed over the 31-month-old Syria conflict, with permanent members Russia and China repeatedly blocking measures to condemn Assad.
     
    Saudi Arabia backs Assad's mostly Sunni rebel foes. The Syrian leader, whose Alawite sect is derived from Shi'ite Islam, has support from Iran and the armed Lebanese Shi'ite movement Hezbollah. The Syrian leader denounces the insurgents as al Qaeda-linked groups backed by Sunni-ruled states.
     
    In Bahrain, home of the U.S Fifth Fleet, a simmering pro-democracy revolt by its Shi'ite majority has prompted calls by some in Washington for U.S. ships to be based elsewhere.
     
    Many U.S. economic interests in Saudi Arabia involve government contracts in defense, other security sectors, health care, education, information technology and construction.

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    Comment Sorting
    Comments
         
    by: Gordon Hilgers from: Dallas, Texas, US
    October 31, 2013 1:32 PM
    I'm not out to start trouble, but can't the Saudis do their own dirty work? Why should the US go to war over another of 13 centuries of sectarian violence over who's "for real", i.e. Sunnis or Shites?

    Saudi Arabia has plenty of money, troops and arms. Let them fight their own silly wars.

    by: neel from: india
    October 23, 2013 6:27 AM
    Thats how US treats its"Allies".
    In Response

    by: R. Daneel Olivaw from: USA
    October 23, 2013 4:01 PM
    Saddam used to be our ally and then later he was our enemy. Taliban used to be our ally, and later we found out they are our enemy too. Maybe it is time to repeat the pattern for this unworthy ally too. Don't you think? Or you rather we had kept our loyalty to our old allies Saddam and Taliban too?

    by: Ramnarayan from: Florida, USA
    October 23, 2013 4:29 AM
    It is time for saudi Arabia to realize that the world and the US does not revolve around them. Without the power of oil, they would be nothing. They don't really want peace in their backyard. Let them be unhappy. Who cares?
    In Response

    by: tareq
    October 24, 2013 10:34 PM
    u r right , who care !?

    by: John
    October 23, 2013 12:08 AM
    The US should build the synthetic oil plants needed to make it independent of foreign oil, and leave the Middle Easterners alone to mismanage their affairs as they see fit. Still, the US hasn't done this for forty years, so I don't think the Saudis need to worry just yet!!!

    by: ed from: brick nj
    October 22, 2013 11:54 PM
    The Saudis see us as weaklings in not pursuing the "red line" Assad shall not cross and rightly so. It made President Obama look weak and befuddled. When the gassing deaths of approximately 1,000 people including children Obama should have taken military action. Even now there is no news on what to do about those dearths but only about destruction of chemical weapons. Saudi Arabia has been our ally since 1932 and we would be stupid not to listen to their grievances...they are right in this situation stressing disappointment in Obama`s backing down on his "red line" Assad should not cross. However, when have the Saudis ever joined us in fighting terrorism in their sphere of the world? Must be nice to sit back and watch the US provide the main body of troops to fight and die in their backyard.
    In Response

    by: R. Daneel Olivaw from: USA
    October 23, 2013 2:40 PM
    Saudis are our allies? Do I need to remind you that Talibans were our allies too? Do you know the Wahhabi of Saudi Arabia which have strong roots in the government are behind Alqaida and other Islamic terrorist? Do you remember how many of 9/11 hijackers were from Saudi Arabia? Do you know that Women in Saudi Arabia cannot drive a car and have to walk behind their husbands. Incidentally Women in Iran can drive a car and can hold high level positions in their jobs and don't have to walk behind a man and form 60% of all college graduates. The same goes for Syria. Assad has to go, but not to be blindly replaced by the Taliban like factions that Saudis are supporting.
    In Response

    by: alex from: Egypt
    October 23, 2013 2:25 PM
    Saudi Arabia is the most corrupt backward government who is sending Al Qaedeh types to Syria for their own interests. The signs seem to indicate the rebels used the gas! That is why the news disappeared from the Western puppet media like VOA. If there is one regime to be changed in the ME that would be SA. But US wants cheap oil and SA plays lap dog and increases out put any time the Americans ask. You seem to have forgotten that the Russians are very serious about THEIR interests in ME too so the re is nothing the US can do. The only good sign is that level heads in US are backing away from catering to Israel SA and the military in Egypt. Lets hope it can bare fruit before the nest election.

    by: Igor from: Russia
    October 22, 2013 11:38 PM
    Saudi Arabia is not a democratic country because it has been ruled by a family for such a long time. There should be a revolution there to overthrow that family so that all Saudi Arabia's citizens can enjoy democracy and freedom. The USA must be ashamed of itself for being its ally.
    In Response

    by: Zhang from: USA
    October 25, 2013 12:05 AM
    Alex, I doubt you're really Egyptian, because you'd know that the Saudis have supported your people's revolution far more so than America has.
    In Response

    by: Zhang from: USA
    October 25, 2013 12:00 AM
    At least they're better than Russia's buddy North Korea
    In Response

    by: ed from: nj,usa
    October 23, 2013 10:12 AM
    Igor from Russia....and you live in a democratic country?

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