News / Europe

    Ukraine Presses Forward after Capture of Rebel Stronghold

    National guard soldiers inspect weapons captured from rebels in Slovyansk, Ukraine, July 6, 2014.
    National guard soldiers inspect weapons captured from rebels in Slovyansk, Ukraine, July 6, 2014.
    VOA News

    Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko ordered military forces Sunday to "tighten the ring around the terrorists," a day after the country's troops recaptured Slovyansk from pro-Russian separatists.

    Ukraine's government said it would seize more territory from rebels in what Poroshenko called a turning point in the fight for control of the country's east.

    Government forces routed pro-Russian rebels in the flashpoint city on Saturday and raised the blue and yellow national flag over what had for months been a separatist redoubt. The seizure appeared to dim hopes for a cease-fire in the fighting.

    On Sunday, Ukrainian forces shelled parts of the rebel-held town of Luhansk near the Russian border, hitting a battery-making factory and other buildings, Russia's Itar-Tass news agency reported, quoting rebels in the town.

    Cities of Donestsk, Slovyansk and Kramatorsk, UkraineCities of Donestsk, Slovyansk and Kramatorsk, Ukraine
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    Cities of Donestsk, Slovyansk and Kramatorsk, Ukraine
    Cities of Donestsk, Slovyansk and Kramatorsk, Ukraine

    The government said some people were wounded but there was no further word on casualties.

    Rebel losses

    However, the rebels admitted suffering heavy losses and abandoned the strategic city nearly three months to the day after its capture marked the onset of a new and even bloodier chapter in Ukraine's worst crisis since independence in 1991.

    "My order is now in effect - tighten the ring around the terrorists," Poroshenko tweeted on Sunday.

    "Continue the operation to liberate Donetsk and Luhansk regions," he said, naming Ukraine's two major eastern parts that have boiled with separatist rebellion since April.

    In a statement, Ukraine Interior Minister Arsen Avakov said: "We have a plan of action. … We will move forward every day."

    The government offensive in Slovyansk came after Poroshenko refused to renew a unilateral cease-fire and ordered the resumption of a government offensive on June 30.

    Most analysts think Poroshenko needed a battlefield success one month into his presidency to secure the trust of Ukrainians frustrated by their underfunded army's inability to stand up to what they see as Russian aggression, the French news agency AFP reported.

    Ukrainian forces said they now had full control of Slovyansk and the nearby town of Kramatorsk.

    Many rebels appeared to have retreated toward Donetsk, the east's main industrial hub where separatists first declared a "people's republic."

    Newly appointed Ukrainian Defense Minister Valery Heletey, center, walks with troops at a temporary base near the city of Slovyansk, July 6, 2014.Newly appointed Ukrainian Defense Minister Valery Heletey, center, walks with troops at a temporary base near the city of Slovyansk, July 6, 2014.
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    Newly appointed Ukrainian Defense Minister Valery Heletey, center, walks with troops at a temporary base near the city of Slovyansk, July 6, 2014.
    Newly appointed Ukrainian Defense Minister Valery Heletey, center, walks with troops at a temporary base near the city of Slovyansk, July 6, 2014.

    Armed rebels were patrolling one of the main streets of Donetsk on Sunday, local news agency Novosti Donbass said.

    "Winning the battle is not the same as winning the war," said one rebel gunman manning a checkpoint outside the city to the Associated Press. "Let them try to come to Donetsk. Then we'll see. War is just starting."

    Important stronghold

    Slovyansk has been the most important stronghold of the militants fighting government forces in mainly Russian-speaking eastern Ukraine, a focal point of tensions between the West and Russia.

    The town's re-capture represents Kyiv's most notable military victory in three months of fighting in which more than 200 Ukrainian troops have been killed as well as hundreds of civilians and rebels.

    "This is not full victory. But the clearing out of people armed to the teeth from Slovyansk has huge symbolic importance. It is the beginning of the turning point in the battle with fighters for the territorial integrity of Ukraine," said Poroshenko.

    He said hostages held there by the separatists had been released and a significant number of weapons had been seized.

    But he warned that the rebels were re-grouping in other big towns and he said he was far from euphoric.

    "There are further tests ahead," he said.

    Ukrainian forces on Sunday reported recapturing four small cities straddling the road between Slovyansk and Donetsk.

    "Yes, we are losing a lot, but I am sure that our defense of Donetsk will mark a turning point," Donetsk rebel leader Denis Pushilin confirmed in a tweet. "We will win."

    However, newly appointed Defense Minister Valery Heletey vowed rebels who do not quit fighting will be killed.

    "In the coming days, I believe, you will become witnesses that those people who refuse to lay down arms, who do not understand that fighting against Ukrainian army and Ukrainian people is not just dangerous will realize that it will be a sentence for them,'' Heletey said.

    People receive food aid from Ukrainian soldiers in Slovyansk, Ukraine, July 6, 2014.People receive food aid from Ukrainian soldiers in Slovyansk, Ukraine, July 6, 2014.
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    People receive food aid from Ukrainian soldiers in Slovyansk, Ukraine, July 6, 2014.
    People receive food aid from Ukrainian soldiers in Slovyansk, Ukraine, July 6, 2014.

    And many in Slovyansk seemed relieved to see the gunmen finally leave their shelled-out city's streets.

    "We felt like hostages," a retired teacher named Anna Gribnikova said a few steps away from a line of several hundred people patiently waiting for bread handed out by Ukrainian relief staff.

    Andriy Lysenko, a senior official of Ukraine's "anti-terrorist operation," said: "The bands of terrorists are demoralized, but they are all the same carrying out treacherous attacks on Ukrainian forces."

    In Slovyansk and neighboring areas, he said, scores of rebels were surrendering.

    "Those who are giving themselves up are providing information about units of (rebel) fighters and where weapons are," Lysenko said.

    Moscow, which has already come under economic sanctions from the West, denies Western and Kyiv's accusations it has been backing the insurrection possibly with a view to dismembering the former Soviet republic.

    Declared independence

    The uprisings in eastern Ukraine erupted in April as rebels took over state buildings, built a powerful arsenal of seized weapons and declared their independence from Kyiv, calling the pro-European government illegitimate.

    The crisis began when street protests ousted Moscow-backed Viktor Yanukovych in late February for rejecting a landmark political and trade deal with the European Union in favor of closer ties with Russia.

    Russia subsequently annexed Crimea and separatist revolts against the new Kyiv authorities broke out with rebels, widely believed to be supported by Moscow, declaring "people's republics" and saying they wanted to join Russia.

    Talks in Berlin last week involving the foreign ministers of Ukraine, Russia, Germany and France had set Saturday as the day for talks between a contact group representing Ukraine, Russia and the OSCE security watchdog, and separatist leaders.

    The talks were to have been aimed at working out an effective cease-fire observed by the opposing sides, but against the background of the military action in Slovyansk there was no sign they had actually been held.

    Poroshenko declared a week-long unilateral cease-fire on June 20 which he renewed for a further three days.

    But he refused last Monday to extend it any further, citing unceasing rebel attacks that killed more than 20 soldiers and - according to both Washington and Kyiv - allowed the separatists to stock up on new supplies of heavy Russian arms.

    Poroshenko then sent government forces into an offensive against the rebels.

    Russia has denied allegations by Kyiv that it has been fanning the separatist rebellions by allowing weapons and fighters to cross over the long joint border to support the separatists.

    It has been pressing Poroshenko to engage in talks with the separatists and agree on a cease-fire.

    Some information for this report provided by Reuters, AFP and AP.

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    Comments
         
    by: Gennady from: Russia, Volga region
    July 07, 2014 11:39 AM
    It looks like obsession when you keep repeatedly asking about Russian weapon on Ukranian territory. Your obsession derives from the fact that you didn’t open a history book and don’t know where present-day Ukraine came from. Just a quick reminder. In Soviet days Ukraine stationed dozens of army divisions and field armies as a vanguard against NATO menace. All over Ukraine there were dozens and dozens Soviet army arsenals and depots filled up to the roof.

    Even more. Ukraine had numerous licensed manufacturing facilities to produce Soviet weaponry. After the demise of the USSR, these stockpiles of weaponry weren’t destroyed but rather sold/resold to anybody with cash. Therefore, please, stop asking childish question but rather open a schoolbook on the history of Eastern Europe. By the way, careless Jen Psaki from President Obama Administration also showed the world lack of knowledge of geography of Europe. What a coincidence!
    In Response

    by: 1worldnow from: Earth
    July 07, 2014 9:59 PM
    Nothing childish about it at all. And you my friend are very clever at avoiding answering even the simplest of questions. OK, I will open a school book, and a map. Only if you open and read the reports,prior to the rebels rising in Ukraine, that showed clearly the Putin was supplying the rebels!!!!!!!!!!!!! EU/US protested this action by Putin, and he stated that these people needed a balance from the Ukraine oppression of pro-Russian citizens. The rebels are retreating, if you care to read the reports (FROM THE REBELS), because they aren't getting supplies from Russia anymore!!! Yes, I am so childish for this, maybe even a baby!

    Read the reports, why are you scared? Putin is calling for better relations between US and Russia, why? Putin has ensured the US/EU that Russia will no longer supply the rebels. PUTIN SAID THAT!!!! This is Russian reporting, TASS, ever hear of it? The rebels are retreating because Putin will not supply them anymore. THE REBELS HAVE STATED THIS!!!!! There are no reports of any kind regarding rebels stealing Russian weapons from Ukrainian arsenals. Where are those reports???? The Ukraine military is feeding the people of Slovyansk, the rebels exhausted the food supplies there and retreated to Donetsk, because PUTIN WILL NOT SUPPLY THEM ANYMORE!!!! But still, you cannot answer that one simple question!

    As far as Ukraine stationing army divisions against NATO, they had no choice, moron! Ukraine was Soviet controlled, you total idiot!!!! When Ukraine finally was allowed independence from your evil empire, those divisions were disbanded!!!!! Who needs a history book now? Those defenses that were set up in Soviet Ukraine against NATO, were thus reverted as a defense against RUSSIA! And Ukraine was correct for doing this, moron! Maybe if your country didn't control the media and write your history books to make your country look like the innocent one, then you would know the truth about the garbage taking place around the world. It's not just your country either, moron. It's my country too!!! Wake up, stop defending anything that causes human suffering! That's what my whole point for annoying you in the first place. Obama did arm the people called ISIL, but he isn't taking any responsibility for that. Putin did arm the rebels, and he isn't taking any responsiblity either! We have no world leaders. The next time Putin wants to cause war in another country, your people should give him a gun, a sandwich, and a bottle of water and tell HIM to go fight!!!! Same with the US. Same with the EU. Same with all of them!!!!!!!!

    by: Igor from: Russia
    July 06, 2014 11:08 PM
    Winning a battle does not means winning a war. Winning a war does not means winning the heart and mind of the local people. Keep in mind that hatred, resentment and blood can not be washed off in several days.
    In Response

    by: 1worldnow from: Earth
    July 07, 2014 9:27 PM
    So true Igor, as long as your country doesn't give your weapons to kill people in other countries, then the healing can begin. If your country can do this, then your country will be a beacon for countries like mine, USA, who does arm people around the world that kill others. Tired of the dammmm bloodshed, from all of us! I like Putin as much as I like Obama! All our world leaders are patheitic. No world leader has the hearts and minds of common people, which is 99.99% of the world's population! Tired of our people around the world dying for politics, dying for religion! We have precious little girls being kidnapped in Nigeria by vile and evil animals, we should have all been working to get them back! We are fighting each other for what?????

    by: Nwaonyenze from: Owerri
    July 06, 2014 2:27 PM
    Ukraine forces should go ahead flush terrorists from their country. God bless Poroshenko!
    In Response

    by: 1worldnow from: Earth
    July 06, 2014 10:07 PM
    Poroshenko needs to have the weapons, captured from the rebels, traced back to the source of who is supplying these rebels with these weapons. I wonder if the peaceful Russia would agree? Poroshenko needs a brainwashing drug. Don't kill the rebels, just capture them. Brainwash them. Give them Ukrainian weapons, tanks, anti-aircraft missiles, and go into Russia and kill Russians! Then ask the citizens of Russia (who ALL supported Putin in attacking YOUR country) if this is fair? No, wouldn't wish harm upon anyone. But I haven't heard not 1 protest..........NOT ONE PROTEST............from anyone in Russia concerning the attack of Ukraine with RUSSIAN weapons. Has anyone any information regarding RUSSIANS in RUSSIA demanding Putin to not arm these rebels in Ukraine country to kill citizens of Ukraine?

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