News / Middle East

Erdogan Offers Unexpected Condolences for Armenian Killings

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan speaks to the media in his office in Ankara, Turkey, April 23, 2014.
Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan speaks to the media in his office in Ankara, Turkey, April 23, 2014.
Reuters
Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan offered what the government said were unprecedented condolences on Wednesday to the grandchildren of Armenians killed in World War I by Ottoman soldiers.
 
In a statement issued on the eve of the 99th anniversary of the deeply contested deaths, Erdogan unexpectedly described the events of 1915 as “inhumane”, using more conciliatory language than has often been the case for Turkish leaders.
 
A Turkish government official said it was the first time a Turkish prime minister had offered such explicit condolences, but it was not immediately clear if it would be enough to bring about a thaw in relations between Ankara and its neighbor.
 
The exact nature and scale of what happened during fighting that started in 1915 is highly contentious and continues to sour relations between Turkey and Armenia, a former Soviet republic.
 
Turkey accepts that many Armenians died in clashes, but denies that up to 1.5 million were killed and that this constituted an act of genocide - a term used by many Western historians and foreign parliaments.
 
Earlier in April, for example, a U.S. Senate committee resolution branded the massacre of Armenians as genocide.
 
Erdogan's statement - unusually released in nine different languages including Armenian - repeated previous calls for dialog between the two countries, and the setting up of a historical commission to probe events surrounding the killings.
 
“It is with this hope and belief that we wish that the Armenians who lost their lives in the context of the early 20th century rest in peace, and we convey our condolences to their grandchildren,” he said.
 
“Having experienced events which had inhumane consequences - such as relocation - during the First World War, should not prevent Turks and Armenians from establishing compassion and mutually humane attitudes among towards one another.”
 
On the defensive
 
Although striking a conciliatory tone, Erdogan re-iterated a longheld Turkish position that the deaths of millions of people during the violence of the period should be remembered “without discriminating as to religion or ethnicity”.
 
Turkey is a Muslim state, while Armenia is Christian.
 
“Using the events of 1915 as an excuse for hostility against Turkey and turning this issue into a matter of political conflict is inadmissible,” he added.
 
Armenia has up to now declined the offer for a joint historical commission, as it regards the alleged genocide as an established historical fact and believes Turkey would use such a commission to press its own version of events.
 
Armenia accuses the Ottoman authorities at the time of systematically massacring large numbers of Armenians, then deporting many more, including women, children and the elderly and infirm in terrible conditions on so-called death marches.
 
Last December, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu made Turkey's first high-level visit to Armenia in nearly five years, raising the prospect of a revival in peace efforts between the historical rivals which stalled in 2010.
 
Turkey cut ties and shut its border with Armenia in 1993 in support of Turkic-speaking Azerbaijan, which was then fighting a losing battle against Armenian separatists in Karabakh. The frontier remains closed.

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by: Arif from: baku
April 24, 2014 8:24 AM
Whole the world know that Russia had played the same game in Karabagh 20 years ago.But Moskow used Armenia in order to impose his own politic in this region.Russia occupied Azerbaijan territory by using Armenia.The same think happened in Moldava in Ukraine anf Georgia.But nobady care about this.Turkey has honest politic he closed his border because it is not justise to occupite neigbours territory.

by: Mark Frances
April 23, 2014 11:11 AM
There were many such atrocities in this region on both sides. The Ottomans targeted Orthodox Christians as did Croatia in WWII.

by: Mark Frances
April 23, 2014 11:09 AM
At this period of time, there were many such atrocities on both sides. The Ottoman Empire sided with the Germans and they had their own agenda. The seeds of dissension in the region were laid at that time. The convenient scapegoat appears to have been Orthodox Christians. In WWII, Croatia butchered the Orthodox in the name of Christianity.

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