News / Africa

Somali Leaders Approve New Constitution

Somalia's constituency assembly members hold up copies of the proposed new constitution during the beginning of a nine-day meeting in Mogadishu, July 25, 2012.
Somalia's constituency assembly members hold up copies of the proposed new constitution during the beginning of a nine-day meeting in Mogadishu, July 25, 2012.
Gabe Joselow
NAIROBI — Somalia's National Constituent Assembly has overwhelmingly approved a new draft constitution, in a critical step toward ending the country's long political transition. The vote followed days of debate on some controversial clauses.

The constituent assembly passed the new constitution Wednesday with a vote of 621 in favor, 13 against, with 11 abstaining.

The constituent assembly met under tight security at a former police training center in the capital, Mogadishu.

Somali police men in Mogadishu carry a soldier who was injured as two suicide bombers tried to blow up the constituent assembly venue before being shot dead by security forces, Aug.1, 2012.Somali police men in Mogadishu carry a soldier who was injured as two suicide bombers tried to blow up the constituent assembly venue before being shot dead by security forces, Aug.1, 2012.
x
Somali police men in Mogadishu carry a soldier who was injured as two suicide bombers tried to blow up the constituent assembly venue before being shot dead by security forces, Aug.1, 2012.
Somali police men in Mogadishu carry a soldier who was injured as two suicide bombers tried to blow up the constituent assembly venue before being shot dead by security forces, Aug.1, 2012.
Two suicide bombers attempted to enter the venue before the vote but were shot and killed by security forces. Authorities said at least one bomber detonated explosives during the clash injuring several security officers.

United Nations Special Representative Ambassador Augustine Mahiga said passing the new constitution moves Somalia closer to establishing new political institutions.

“I'm very happy and satisfied by the outcome of the vote by the constituent assembly to adopt the provisional constitution, which marks one of the major steps in ending the transition,” said Mahiga.

Somali leaders must select a new parliament and elect a new president before the U.N. mandate for the existing transitional government expires on August 20.

In addition to laying out the framework for the next government, the constitution also establishes Somalia as a Muslim country.

It also guarantees more rights for women, including the right to be included in all national institutions.

Members of the Somali community, including traditional elders, have expressed concern that allowing women to run for high office goes against Islamic law.

Others have expressed concern about divisions of power between federal and regional governments and other legal issues.

A member of the constituent assembly, Ibrahim Salah, told VOA he voted to approve the constitution, despite his objections to some of the content -- including the fact that it does not explicitly name Mogadishu as the federal capital.

“I voted yes,” he said, “because, we looked at the constitution over the last three days, after being broken off into groups, and we discussed all the clauses that the Somali people were not comfortable with.”

Special Representative Mahiga said the constituent assembly has “earmarked” some areas of the constitution for further discussion by the next parliament.

The new constitution will be provisional until approved through a national referendum.

In the next step in the political process, a group of traditional elders are to select members of a new parliament who will then elect a president and speaker.

Mahiga has warned of reports of aspiring politicians using bribery and intimidation to try to get a seat in parliament.

“I had expressed concern, and I continue to express concern, and issue warnings that these leadership positions have to be respected and the integrity of the process must be ensured,” he said.

Mahiga said corrupt practices are especially detrimental to women candidates, who have fewer resources.

You May Like

Tired of Waiting, South Africans Demand Change ‘Now’

With chronic poverty and lack of basic services largely fueling recent xenophobic attacks, many in Rainbow Nation say it’s time for government to act More

Challenges Ahead for China's Development Plans in Pakistan

Planned $46 billion in energy and infrastructure investments in Pakistan are aimed at transforming the country into a regional hub for trade and investment More

'Forbidden City' Revisits Little Known Era of Asian-American Entertainment

Little-known chapter of entertainment history captured in 80s documentary is revisited in new digitally remastered format and book More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Cinema That Crosses Borders Showcased at Tribeca Film Festivali
X
April 24, 2015 4:09 AM
Among the nearly 100 feature length films being shown at this year’s Tribeca Film Festival in New York City are more than 20 documentaries and features with international appeal, from a film about a Congolese businessman in China, to documentaries shot in Pakistan and diaspora communities in the U.S., to a poetic look at disaffected South African youth. VOA’s Carolyn Weaver has more.
Video

Video Cinema That Crosses Borders Showcased at Tribeca Film Festival

Among the nearly 100 feature length films being shown at this year’s Tribeca Film Festival in New York City are more than 20 documentaries and features with international appeal, from a film about a Congolese businessman in China, to documentaries shot in Pakistan and diaspora communities in the U.S., to a poetic look at disaffected South African youth. VOA’s Carolyn Weaver has more.
Video

Video UN Confronts Threat of Young Radicals

The radicalization and recruitment of young people into Islamist extremist groups has become a growing challenge for governments worldwide. On Thursday, the U.N. Security Council heard from experts on the issue, which has become a potent threat to international peace and security. VOA’s Margaret Besheer reports.
Video

Video Growing Numbers of Turks Discover Armenian Ancestry

In a climate of improved tolerance, growing numbers of people in Turkey are discovering their grandmothers were Armenian. Hundreds of thousands of Armenians escaped the mass deportations and slaughter of the early 1900's by forced conversion to Islam. Or, Armenian children were taken in by Turkish families and assimilated. Now their stories are increasingly being heard. Dorian Jones reports from Istanbul that the revelations are viewed as an important step.
Video

Video Migrants Trek Through Western Balkans to Reach EU

Migrants from Africa and other places are finding different routes into the European Union in search of a better life. The Associated Press followed one clandestine group to document their trek through the western Balkans to Hungary. Zlatica Hoke reports that the migrants started using that route about four years ago. Since then, it has become the second-most popular path into Western Europe, after the option of sailing from North Africa to Italy.
Video

Video TIME Magazine Honors Activists, Pioneers Seen as Influential

TIME Magazine has released its list of celebrities, leaders and activists, whom it deems the world’s “most influential” in 2015. VOA's Ramon Taylor reports from New York.
Video

Video US Businesses See Cuba as New Frontier

The Obama administration's opening toward Cuba is giving U.S. companies hope they'll be able to do business in Cuba despite the continuation of the U.S. economic embargo against the communist nation. Some American companies have been able to export some products to Cuba, but the recent lifting of Cuba's terrorism designation could relax other restrictions. As VOA's Daniela Schrier reports, corporate heavy hitters are lining up to head across the Florida Straits - though experts urge caution.
Video

Video Kenya Launches Police Recruitment Drive After Terror Attacks

Kenya launched a major police recruitment drive this week as part of a large-scale effort to boost security following a recent spate of terror attacks. VOA’s Gabe Joselow reports that allegations of corruption in the process are raising old concerns about the integrity of Kenya’s security forces.
Video

Video Japan, China in Race for Asia High-Speed Rail Projects

A lucrative competition is underway in Asia for billions of dollars in high-speed rail projects. Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia Thailand and Vietnam are among the countries planning to move onto the fast track. They are negotiating with Japan and the upstart Chinese who are locked in a duel to revolutionize transportation across Asia. VOA Correspondent Steve Herman in Bangkok has details.
Video

Video Scientists: Mosquitoes Attracted By Our Genes

Some people always seem to get bitten by mosquitoes more than others. Now, scientists have proved that is really the case - and they say it’s all because of genes. It’s hoped the research might lead to new preventative treatments for diseases like malaria, as Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Bible Museum Coming to Washington DC

Washington is the center of American political power and also home to some of the nation’s most visited museums. A new one that will showcase the Bible has skeptics questioning the motives of its conservative Christian funders. VOA religion correspondent Jerome Socolovsky reports.
Video

Video Armenia and Politics of Word 'Genocide'

A century ago this April, hundreds of thousands of Armenians of the Turkish Ottoman empire were deported and massacred, and their culture erased from their traditional lands. While broadly accepted by the U.N. and at least 20 countries as “genocide”, the United States and Turkey have resisted using that word to describe the atrocities that stretched from 1915 to 1923. But Armenians have never forgotten.
Video

Video Afghan First Lady Pledges No Roll Back on Women's Rights

Afghan First Lady Rula Ghani, named one of Time's 100 Most Influential, says women should take part in talks with Taliban. VOA's Rokhsar Azamee has more from Kabul.
Video

Video Keeping Washington Airspace Safe Is Tall Order

Being the home of all three branches of the U.S. federal government makes Washington, D.C. the prime target for those who want to make their messages and ideas heard. Unfortunately, many of them choose to deliver them in unorthodox ways, including from the air, as a recent incident clearly showed involving a gyrocopter landing on the Capitol’s West Lawn. VOA's George Putic has more.
Video

Video New Brain Mapping Techniques Could Ease Chronic Pain

From Boulder, Colorado, Shelley Schlender reports that new methods for mapping pain in the brain are providing validation for chronic pain and might someday guide better treatment.
Video

Video Hope, Prayer Enter Fight Against S. Africa Xenophobia

South Africa has been swept by disturbing attacks on foreign nationals. Some blame the attacks on a legacy of colonialism, while others say the economy is to blame. Whatever the cause, ordinary South Africans - and South African residents from around the world - say they're praying for the siege of violence to end. Anita Powell reports from Johannesburg.

VOA Blogs