News / Africa

South Sudan Celebrates First Independence Day

Members of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) march during celebrations to mark the first anniversary of South Sudan's independence in Juba, July 9, 2012.
Members of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) march during celebrations to mark the first anniversary of South Sudan's independence in Juba, July 9, 2012.
Gabe Joselow
People in South Sudan have celebrated in the capital Juba and elsewhere to mark the country's first year as an independent nation.  The last 12 months have not been easy on the new state, as lingering disputes with its northern neighbor have led to violent confrontations along the border and an economic stand-off over oil.  

In an address Monday at the John Garang Mausoleum in Juba, South Sudanese President Salva Kiir said the country still has more work to do to become self-sufficient, after declaring independence a year ago.

“Our liberty today is incomplete, we must be more than liberated if we are to be independent economically,” he said.

South Sudan's economy has been dependent on oil, which accounts for 98 percent of the country's revenues.

The country has suffered since deciding to cut off oil production in January to protest against high fees Sudan was charging for use of its pipelines and port, which the south relies on for exporting.

Inflation has skyrocketed as a result of the loss of foreign revenue, and has pushed up the cost of living, including food prices.

Kiir stressed the need for the country to grow more of its own food to become more economically independent.

"It is my belief that by 2015 we will be self-sufficient in food production," he said. "If we achieve that, then everything will be possible in South Sudan."

A recent World Food Program assessment shows 4.9 million people, about half of the population of South Sudan, will be food insecure this year.

The international aid agency Oxfam says the economic conditions are making it more expensive and difficult to provide humanitarian assistance to some 170,000 refugees in the country, and others in need.

Meantime, tensions remain high along the border with Sudan.

In April, South Sudanese forces attacked and briefly occupied the oil town of Heglig, controlled by Sudan, but claimed by both sides. The fighting brought the two countries close to the brink of war.

An African Union panel mediating talks on the disputes between the two sides has made little progress.

You May Like

Turbulent Transition Imperils Tunisia’s Arab Spring Gains

Critics say new anti-terrorism laws worsen Tunisia's situation while others put faith in country’s vibrant civil organizations, women’s movement More

Burundi’s Political Crisis May Become Humanitarian One

United Nations aid agencies issue warning as deadly violence sends tens of thousands fleeing More

Yemenis Adjust to Life Under Houthi Rule

Locals want warring parties to strike deal to stop bloodletting before deciding how country is governed More

This forum has been closed.
Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Maria Leelavathi Joseph
July 16, 2012 4:16 AM
Hearty Congratulations to the Newest Nation in the occassion of turning one year! Let us all together make South Sudan a great nation peaceful, properous and truly sovereign in nature through hardwork and people's participation, including women in decision making processes.
I am with you all my friends.

by: jomo from: hai juba
July 11, 2012 8:42 AM
i would like to thank our president salva and all the leaders of this great nation for insuring our future for the coming generation

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Texas Town Residents Told to 'Just Leave' Ahead of Flood Threati
X
Greg Flakus
May 29, 2015 11:24 PM
Water from heavy rain in eastern and central Texas is now swelling rivers that flow into the Gulf of Mexico, threatening towns along their banks. VOA’s Greg Flakus visited the town of Wharton, southwest of Houston, where the Colorado River is close to cresting.
Video

Video Texas Town Residents Told to 'Just Leave' Ahead of Flood Threat

Water from heavy rain in eastern and central Texas is now swelling rivers that flow into the Gulf of Mexico, threatening towns along their banks. VOA’s Greg Flakus visited the town of Wharton, southwest of Houston, where the Colorado River is close to cresting.
Video

Video New York's One World Trade Center Observatory Opens to Public

From New Jersey to Long Island, from Northern suburbs to the Atlantic Ocean, with all of New York City in-between.  That view became available to the public Friday as the One World Trade Center Observatory opened in New York -- atop the replacement for the buildings destroyed in the September 11, 2001, attacks.  VOA’s Bernard Shusman reports.
Video

Video Seoul Sponsors Korean Unification Fair

With inter-Korean relations deteriorating over the North’s nuclear program, past military provocations and human rights abuses, many Koreans still hold out hope for eventual peaceful re-unification. VOA’s Brian Padden visited a “unification fair” held this week in Seoul, where border communities promoted the benefits of increased cooperation.
Video

Video Purple Door Coffeeshop: Changing Lives One Cup at a Time

For a quarter of his life, Kevin Persons lived on the street. Today, he is working behind the counter of an espresso bar, serving coffee and working to transition off the streets and into a home. Paul Vargas reports for VOA.
Video

Video Modular Robot Getting Closer to Reality

A robot being developed at Carnegie Mellon University has evolved into a multi-legged modular mechanical snake, able to move over rugged surfaces and explore the surroundings. Scientists say such machines could someday help in search and rescue operations. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video Shanghai Hosts Big Consumer Electronics Show

Electronic gadgets are a huge success in China, judging by the first Asian Consumer Electronics Show, held this week in Shanghai. Over the course of two days, more than 20,000 visitors watched, tested and played with useful and some less-useful electronic devices exhibited by about 200 manufacturers. VOA’s George Putic has more.
Video

Video Forced to Return Home, Afghan Refugees Face Increased Hardship

Undocumented refugees returning to Afghanistan from Pakistan have no jobs, no support system, and no home return to, and international aid agencies say they and the government are overwhelmed and under-resourced. Ayesha Tanzeem has more from Kabul.
Video

Video Britain Makes Controversial Move to Crack Down on Extremism

Britain is moving to tighten controls on extremist rhetoric, even when it does not incite violence or hatred -- a move that some are concerned might unduly restrict basic freedoms. It is an issue many countries are grappling with as extremist groups gain power in the Middle East, fueled in part by donations and fighters from the West. VOA’s Al Pessin reports from London.
Video

Video 3D Printer Makes Replica of Iconic Sports Car

Cars with parts made by 3D printers are already on the road, but engineers are still learning about this new technology. While testing the possibility of printing an entire car, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy recently created an electric-powered replica of an iconic sports roadster. VOA’s George Putic has more.
Video

Video Al-Shabab Recruitment Drive Still on In Kenya

The al-Shabab militants that have long battled for control of Somalia also have recruited thousands of young people in Kenya, leaving many families disconsolate. Mohammed Yusuf recently visited the Kenyan town of Isiolo, and met with relatives of those recruited, as well as a many who have helped with the recruiting.
Video

Video A Small Oasis on Kabul's Outskirts Provides Relief From Security Tensions

When people in Kabul want to get away from the city and relax, many choose Qargha Lake, a small resort on the outskirts of Kabul. Ayesha Tanzeem visited and talked with people about the precious oasis.
Video

Video Kenyans Lament Losing Sons to al-Shabab

There is agony, fear and lost hope in the Kenyan town of Isiolo, a key target of a new al-Shabab recruitment drive. VOA's Mohammed Yusuf visits Isiolo to speak with families and at least one man who says he was a recruiter.
Video

Video Scientists Say Plankton More Important Than Previously Thought

Tiny ocean creatures called plankton are mostly thought of as food for whales and other large marine animals, but a four-year global study discovered, among other things, that plankton are a major source of oxygen on our planet. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video Kenya’s Capital Sees Rise in Shisha Parlors

In Kenya, the smoking of shisha, a type of flavored tobacco, is the latest craze. Patrons are flocking to shisha parlors to smoke and socialize. But the practice can be addictive and harmful, though many dabblers may not realize the dangers, according to a new review. Lenny Ruvaga has more on the story for VOA from Nairobi, Kenya.

VOA Blogs