News / Health

Stomach Surgery: Better Than Dieting to Control Diabetes

Multimedia

TEXT SIZE - +
Carol Pearson

Doctors are turning to bariatric surgery, the kind that shrinks the stomach, to control type 2 diabetes.  A number of studies show this type of surgery drastically improves blood sugar levels, but researchers don't know why.  Now studies at two U.S. medical centers have uncovered a new clue for why a type of bariatric surgery works. 

Doctors have discovered something incredible, they have found a way to reverse type 2 diabetes.  Bariatric surgery is an umbrella term for different surgeries that make the stomach smaller.  One in particular, gastric bypass surgery, reverses type 2 diabetes in up to 80 percent of patients.

Dr. Phil Schauer at the Cleveland Clinic says afterwards patients can literally throw away their insulin. "Before they leave the hospital, they'll never use insulin again," he said.


Before her surgery, Katy Wiley suffered from complications from diabetes for 16 years.  "It was horrible. Diabetes controlled my life," she said.

Some doctors are now promoting gastric bypass surgery as a way to control diabetes.

“Bariatric surgery has been shown to bring blood sugar under control more effectively than other intervention such as dietary intervention and we don’t have a complete explanation for that phenomenon," said Professor Christopher Newgard at Duke University.

He and other researchers at Columbia University began looking for chemical changes in the body's metabolism. They looked at one group of diabetics who had the surgery and another group who lost weight through diet and exercise.  Both groups lost the same amount of weight.  Then the researchers analyzed the chemical differences in the patients' blood. “And we found there was a very clear difference in the chemical response to weight loss by those two different interventions," he said.

Those who had the surgery had fewer insulin-resisting amino acids in their blood.  Amino acids are building blocks for protein. But some types prevent the body from using insulin to control blood sugar levels. These particular amino acids are called branched-chain amino acids. "What we’ve found about branch chain amino acids in the last couple of years:  strongly associated with insulin resistance, strongly predictive of imminent diabetes risk and then strongly responsive to an intervention which we know to be very efficient for improving blood glucose homeostasis (blood glucose regulation) and that is bariatric surgery," he said.

At this time, bariatric surgery is the most effective way of reversing type 2 diabetes. But doctors hope, with more research, drugs can be developed to control these amino acids and reverse this disease.

You May Like

Algerians Vote in Presidential Election

There were few media reports of protests and clashes around the country, but so far no significant violence More

Sharks More Evolved than Previously Thought

The discovery could “profoundly affect our understanding of evolutionary history” More

Pakistan Military Asked to Protect Polio Workers

Request comes as authorities say a Taliban ban on vaccinations in 2012 and deadly attacks on anti-polio teams have prevented thousands of children from getting inoculated More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Google Buys Drone Companyi
|| 0:00:00
...
 
🔇
X
George Putic
April 15, 2014
In its latest purchase of high-tech companies, Google has acquired a manufacturer of solar-powered drones that can stay in the air almost indefinitely, relaying broadband Internet connection to remote areas. It is seen as yet another step in the U.S. based Web giant’s bid to bring Internet to the whole world. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video Google Buys Drone Company

In its latest purchase of high-tech companies, Google has acquired a manufacturer of solar-powered drones that can stay in the air almost indefinitely, relaying broadband Internet connection to remote areas. It is seen as yet another step in the U.S. based Web giant’s bid to bring Internet to the whole world. VOA’s George Putic reports.
Video

Video Ray Bonneville Sings the Blues and More on New CD

Singer/songwriter Ray Bonneville has released a new CD called “Easy Gone” with music that reflects his musical and personal journey from French-speaking Canada to his current home in Austin,Texas. The eclectic artist’s fan base extends from Texas to various parts of North America and Europe. VOA’s Greg Flakus reports from Austin.
Video

Video Millions Labor in Pakistan's Informal Economy

The World Bank says that in Pakistan, roughly 70 percent work in the so-called informal sector, a part of the economy that is unregulated and untaxed. VOA's Sharon Behn reports from Islamabad on how the informal sector impact's the Pakistani economy.
Video

Video Passover Celebrates Liberation from Bondage

Jewish people around the world are celebrating Passover, a commemoration of their liberation from slavery in Egypt more than 3,300 years ago. According to scripture, God helped the Jews, led by Moses, escape bondage in Egypt and cross the Red Sea into the desert. Zlatica Hoke reports that the story of the Jewish Exodus resonates with other people trying to escape slave-like conditions.
Video

Video Police Pursue Hate Crime Charges Against Kansas Shooting Suspect

Prosecutors are sifting through the evidence in the wake of Sunday’s shootings in a suburb of Kansas City, Missouri that left three people dead. A suspect in the shootings taken into custody is a white supremacist. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports, he was well-known to law enforcement agencies and human rights groups alike.
Video

Video In Eastern Ukraine, Pro-unity Activists Emerge from Shadows

Amid the pro-Russian uprisings in eastern Ukraine, there is a large body of activists who support Ukrainian unity and reject Russian intervention. Their activities have remained largely underground, but they are preparing to take on their pro-Moscow opponents, as Henry Ridgwell reports from the eastern city of Donetsk.
Video

Video Basket Maker’s Skills Have World Reach

A prestigious craft show in the U.S. capital offers one-of-a-kind creations by more than 120 artists working in a variety of media. As VOA’s Julie Taboh reports from Washington, one artist lucky enough to be selected says sharing her skills with women overseas is just as significant.
Video

Video UN Report Urges Speedier Action to Avoid Climate Disaster

A new United Nations report says the world must switch from fossil fuels to cleaner energy sources to control the effects of climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released the report (Sunday) following a meeting of scientists and government representatives in Berlin. The comprehensive review follows two recent IPCC reports that detail the certainty of climate change, its impacts and in this most recent report what to do about it. VOA’s Rosanne Skirble has the details.
AppleAndroid