News / Africa

    Sudan Border Talks Again End with No Resolution

    Soldiers from the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) examine a map at the front line position in Pana Kuach, Unity State, South Sudan, May 11 2012.Soldiers from the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) examine a map at the front line position in Pana Kuach, Unity State, South Sudan, May 11 2012.
    x
    Soldiers from the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) examine a map at the front line position in Pana Kuach, Unity State, South Sudan, May 11 2012.
    Soldiers from the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) examine a map at the front line position in Pana Kuach, Unity State, South Sudan, May 11 2012.
    Peter Heinlein
    ADDIS ABABA - Ten days of border security talks between Sudan and South Sudan have broken off with the feuding neighbors no closer to agreement than when they started. International arbitration seems increasingly likely after months of inconclusive negotiations.

    This latest round of African Union-mediated talks ended the same way as almost every one before it, with the two sides hurling bitter words at each other. As the meetings ended Friday, South Sudan's chief negotiator, Pagan Amum, wondered aloud whether they were worth continuing.

    "The talks have failed because Khartoum is not interested in peace, Khartoum is interested in aggressing us. Khartoum is interested in killing our people. Should we continue talking to them? Common sense says we should not," said Amum.

    Amum told reporters his team would be back for more talks later this month. But he suggested that with the negotiations going nowhere, South Sudan's best bet might be to wait until August. That is when a United Nations Security Council resolution calls for the disputes to be turned over to an international arbitration panel.

    "We have negotiated enough," Amum  added.  "We have agreed to demarcate the border within six months. The government of Sudan has delayed the process. With the African Union road map and the U.N. Security Council resolution 2046, we have up to August second for negotiation. After that, we have to go to binding international arbitration in all the disputed areas."

    African Union mediators say the talks have been complicated by South Sudan's introduction of maps supporting their claim to territories previously considered to be north of the international border.

    Khartoum's negotiators argue that a 2009 ruling by an arbitration court in The Hague places most of the key areas in Sudan, including the Heglig oil fields that are vital to the country's economy.

    Sudanese Defense Minister Abdel Raheem Mohamed Hussain dismissed the South's maps as a mischievous attempt to grab land.

    "This is a hostile map because the South are adding large areas not included in the U.N. map," noted Hussain .  "They want to add another 10 areas [to their land] like Abyei. It doesn't give any indication they are serious or want peace, that we should be good neighbors. It shows they want to invade our country, and we think this isn't a friendly map."

    African Union mediators point out that despite the hostile atmosphere, the negotiations have only broken off, not broken down.  Technical level border talks will carry on until former South African president Thabo Mbeki and members of his mediation panel return for another session of high level talks later this month.

    Experts say even with international arbitration, these disputes on everything from border and citizenship to sharing oil revenue are likely to drag on for years. The issues under mediation are those that proved too difficult to settle during the intense negotiations that took place before South Sudan won independence from Khartoum last year.

    You May Like

    US-Russia Tensions Complicate Syria War

    With a shared enemy and opposing allies, Russia and the US are working to avoid confrontation

    Video Re-opening Old Wounds in Beirut's Bullet-riddled Yellow House

    Built in neo-Ottoman style in 1920s, it is set to be re-opened in Sept. as ‘memory museum’ - bullet-riddled walls and bunkered positions overlooking city’s notorious ‘Green Line’ maintained for posterity

    Cambodian-Americans Lobby for Human Rights Resolution

    Resolution condemns all forms of political violence in Cambodia, urges Cambodian government to end human rights violations, calls for respect of press freedom

    This forum has been closed.
    Comments
         
    There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

    By the Numbers

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    Brexit Vote Plunges Global Markets Into Uncharted Territoryi
    X
    June 24, 2016 9:38 PM
    British voters plunged global markets into unknown territory after they voted Thursday to leave the European Union. The results of the Brexit vote, the term coined to describe the referendum, caught many off guard. Analysts say the resulting volatility could last for weeks, perhaps longer. Mil Arcega reports.
    Video

    Video Brexit Vote Plunges Global Markets Into Uncharted Territory

    British voters plunged global markets into unknown territory after they voted Thursday to leave the European Union. The results of the Brexit vote, the term coined to describe the referendum, caught many off guard. Analysts say the resulting volatility could last for weeks, perhaps longer. Mil Arcega reports.
    Video

    Video Orlando Shooting Changes Debate on Gun Control

    It’s been nearly two weeks since the largest mass shooting ever in the United States. Despite public calls for tighter gun control laws, Congress is at an impasse. Democratic lawmakers resorted to a 1960s civil rights tactic to portray their frustration. VOA’s Carolyn Presutti explains how the Orlando, Florida shooting is changing the debate.
    Video

    Video Tunisian Fishing Town Searches for Jobs, Local Development Solutions

    As the European Union tries to come to grips with its migrant crisis, some newcomers are leaving voluntarily. But those returning to their home countries face an uncertain future.  Five years after Tunisia's revolution, the tiny North African country is struggling with unrest, soaring unemployment and plummeting growth. From the southern Tunisian fishing town of Zarzis, Lisa Bryant takes a look for VOA at a search for local solutions.
    Video

    Video 'American Troops' in Russia Despite Tensions

    Historic battle re-enactment is a niche hobby with a fair number of adherents in Russia where past military victories are played-up by the Kremlin as a show of national strength. But, one group of World War II re-enactors in Moscow has the rare distinction of choosing to play western ally troops. VOA's Daniel Schearf explains.
    Video

    Video Experts: Very Few Killed in US Gun Violence Are Victims of Mass Shootings

    The deadly shooting at a Florida nightclub has reignited the debate in the U.S. over gun control. Although Congress doesn't provide government health agencies funds to study gun violence, public health experts say private research has helped them learn some things about the issue. VOA's Carol Pearson reports.
    Video

    Video Trump Unleashes Broadside Against Clinton to Try to Ease GOP Doubts

    Recent public opinion polls show Republican Donald Trump slipping behind Democrat Hillary Clinton in the presidential election matchup for November. Trump trails her both in fundraising and campaign organization, but he's intensifying his attacks on the former secretary of state. VOA National Correspondent Jim Malone reports.
    Video

    Video Muslim American Mayor Calls for Tolerance

    Syrian-born Mohamed Khairullah describes himself as "an American mayor who happens to be Muslim." As the three-term mayor of Prospect Park, New Jersey, he believes his town of 6,000 is an example of how ethnicity and religious beliefs should not determine a community's leadership. Ramon Taylor has this report from Prospect Park.
    Video

    Video Internal Rifts Over Syria Policy Could Be Headache for Next US President

    With the Obama administration showing little outward enthusiasm for adopting a more robust Syria policy, there is a strong likelihood that the internal discontent expressed by State Department employees will roll over to the next administration. VOA State Department correspondent Pam Dockins reports.
    Video

    Video Senegal to Park Colorful ‘Cars Rapide’ Permanently

    Brightly painted cars rapide are a hallmark of Dakar, offering residents a cheap way to get around the capital city since 1976. But the privately owned minibuses are scheduled to be parked for good in late 2018, as Ricci Shryock reports for VOA.
    Video

    Video Florida Gets $1 Million in Emergency Government Funding for Orlando

    The U.S. government has granted $1 million in emergency funding to the state of Florida to cover the costs linked to the June 12 massacre in Orlando. U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch announced the grant Tuesday in Orlando, where she met with survivors of the shooting attack that killed 49 people. Zlatica Hoke reports.
    Video

    Video How to Print Impossible Shapes with Metal

    3-D printing with metals is rapidly becoming more advanced. As printers become more affordable, the industry is partnering with universities to refine processes for manufacturing previously impossible things. A new 3-D printing lab aims to bring the new technology closer to everyday use. VOA's George Putic reports.
    Video

    Video Big Somali Community in Minnesota Observes Muslim Religious Feast

    Ramadan is widely observed in the north central US state of Minnesota, which a large Muslim community calls home. VOA Somali service reporter Mohmud Masadde files this report from Minneapolis, the state's biggest city.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora