News / Africa

Sudans Reach Deal on Oil, Demilitarized Border

Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir, center-left, and South Sudan President Salva Kiir, right, celebrate the completion of a signing ceremony in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, September 27, 2012.
Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir, center-left, and South Sudan President Salva Kiir, right, celebrate the completion of a signing ceremony in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, September 27, 2012.
TEXT SIZE - +
Sudan and South Sudan signed agreements Thursday to demilitarize their border and resume the transport of southern oil through the north. The signed agreements do not deal with the oil-producing Abyei region and several other disputed border regions.
 
President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan and President Salva Kiir of South Sudan reached the agreements after four days of intense talks between their negotiating teams.

Establishing a demilitarized zone along the border has been a major point of disagreement for the neighboring countries. Both countries have now promised to pull their soldiers back 10 kilometers from the border.
 
An economic settlement deals with issues such as pensions, banking, national debt, and trade matters.

The countries also reached agreement on the status of each country's nationals on the other's territory.
 
The deals mean that oil production can resume, as the sides have agreed on transit fees the south will pay to use northern pipelines. South Sudan shut down its oil production in January after disputes over fees, affecting the economy of both countries severely.
 
The issue of Abyei and the borders remain unresolved. President Salva Kiir of South Sudan blames Sudan for not reaching an agreement:

“As for Abyei, it is very unfortunate that we could not agree.  My government and I accepted unconditionally the proposal of the AU-HIP, to the resolution of the conflict in Abyei," he said. "Unfortunately, my brother Bashir and his government totally rejected the proposal in its totality. It is not the responsibility of the AU-HIP to refer the matter to the AU Peace and Security Council.”

Watch related video
Related video of Sudan's deali
|| 0:00:00
X
September 27, 2012 3:51 PM
The presidents of Sudan and South Sudan have signed several agreements on security and economic cooperation, though some major disputes that nearly pushed them into war remain unresolved.

African Union mediator Thabo Mbeki, the chairman of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel, said he is confident that the two countries will solve the outstanding issues easily:

“The parties have agreed on a process to continue to engage with each other on the matter of the disputed and claimed border areas," said Mbeki. "They will engage, they will continue to negotiate this matter and it shouldn’t be difficult to solve this particular matter.”
 
The presidents of Sudan and South Sudan arrived in Addis Ababa on Sunday, a day after a United Nations Security Council deadline for the countries to settle their issues. Delegations of the two countries have held talks in Ethiopia since the beginning of September.  
 
More talks are needed, but it will take time before the two countries will meet again says Ambassador Bedredin Abdella of the Sudanese delegation:
 
"There is going to be this team of African experts, they are going to handle this, the five disputed areas issue, and according to the agreement they may take about three months to resolve that situation," said Abdella. "And after that they are going to give a written opinion to the two sides of the facilitators regarding to their opinion, which is non-binding."
 
South Sudan and Sudan split up in 2011 under a 2005 peace agreement. South Sudan gained about 70 percent of the oil production. Continuing disputes almost led to an all-out war in April of this year.

Sudan Timeline
Loading timeline...

You May Like

Multimedia Anti-Keystone XL Protests Continue

Demonstrators are worried about pipeline's effect on climate change, their traditional way of life, health and safety More

Thailand's Political Power Struggle Continues

Court gave Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra until May 2 to prepare her defense over abuse of power charges but uncertainty remains over election timing More

Malaysia Plane Search Tests Limits of Ocean Mapping Technology

Expert tells VOA existing equipment’s maximum operating depth is around 6 kilometers as operation continues on ocean bed for any trace of MH370 More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Pet Kangaroo Helps Spread Environmental Messagei
X
Penelope Poulou
April 22, 2014 5:53 PM
Children’s author Julia Heckathorn travels the world to learn about different ecosystems and endangered animals. She pours her knowledge into children’s books, hoping the next generation will right the environmental wrongs of our times. As in many children's books, the main character in Heckathorn's stories is an animal. Unlike those other characters, though, this one is real - a kangaroo, that lives in the author’s backyard. VOA’s Penelope Poulou has more.
Video

Video Pet Kangaroo Helps Spread Environmental Message

Children’s author Julia Heckathorn travels the world to learn about different ecosystems and endangered animals. She pours her knowledge into children’s books, hoping the next generation will right the environmental wrongs of our times. As in many children's books, the main character in Heckathorn's stories is an animal. Unlike those other characters, though, this one is real - a kangaroo, that lives in the author’s backyard. VOA’s Penelope Poulou has more.
Video

Video Pro-Russian Separatists Plan 'Federalization Referendum' in Eastern Ukraine

Pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine say they plan to move forward next month with a referendum vote for greater autonomy, despite the Geneva agreement reached with Russia, the U.S. and Ukraine to end the political conflict. VOA's Brian Padden reports from the city of Donetsk in Eastern Ukraine.
Video

Video Pope Francis Hopes Dual Canonizations Will Reconcile Church

On April 27, two popes - John the XXIII and John Paul II - will be made saints in a ceremony at St. Peter’s Square. VOA religion correspondent Jerome Socolovsky says the dual canonization is part of the current pope’s program to reconcile liberals and conservatives in the Roman Catholic Church.
Video

Video In Capturing Nature's Majesty, Film Makes Case for Its Survival

French filmmaker Luc Jacquet won worldwide acclaim for his 2005 Academy Award-winning documentary "March of the Penguins". Now Jacquet is back with a new film that takes movie-goers deep into the heart of a tropical rainforest - not only to celebrate its grandeur, but to make the case for its survival. VOA's Rosanne Skirble reports.
Video

Video Boston Marathon Bittersweet for Many Runners

Monday's running of the Boston Marathon was bittersweet for many of the 36,000 participants as they finished the run that was interrupted by a double bombing last year. Many gathered along the route paid respect to the four people killed as a result of two bombings near the finish line. VOA's Carolyn Presutti returned to Boston this year to follow two runners, forever changed because of the crimes.
Video

Video International Students Learn Film Production in World's Movie Capital

Hollywood - which is part of Los Angeles - is the movie capital of the world, and many aspiring filmmakers go there in hopes of breaking into the movie business. Mike O'Sullivan reports that regional universities are also a magnet for students who hope to become producers or directors.
Video

Video Pacific Rim Trade Deal Proves Elusive

With the U.S.-led war in Iraq ended and American military involvement in Afghanistan winding down, President Barack Obama has sought to pivot the country's foreign policy focus towards Asia. One aspect of that pivot is the negotiation of a free-trade agreement among 12 Pacific Rim nations. But as Obama leaves this week on a trip to four Asian countries he has found it very difficult to complete the trade pact. VOA's Ken Bredemeier has more from Washington.
Video

Video Autistic Adults Face Housing, Job Challenges

Many parents of children with disabilities fear for the future of their adult child. It can be difficult to find services to help adults with disabilities - physical, mental or emotional - find work or live on their own. The mother of an autistic boy set up a foundation to advocate for the estimated 1.2 million American adults with autism, a developmental disorder that causes communication difficulties and often social difficulties. VOA's Faiza Elmasry reports.
AppleAndroid