News / Africa

US: Sudan Should Accept Plan for Demilitarized Zone with South Sudan

Sudan - South Sudan mapSudan - South Sudan map
x
Sudan - South Sudan map
Sudan - South Sudan map
STATE DEPARTMENT — The United States says it is time that Sudan accept an African Union plan to pull back troops from both sides of its contentious border with South Sudan. Officials say that could help move forward an agreement to restore oil exports.

Demilitarizing the border between Sudan and South Sudan starts with agreeing on a map drawn up by the African Union to demarcate the division between the countries. South Sudan has accepted the map. Sudan has not.

"Once that is accepted, we can move ahead on the other elements of demilitarization. So that is the first priority. And Khartoum must come around to accepting the map. Second, there are good proposals before Khartoum on humanitarian access. We are waiting for their response to a plan of action. Again, Khartoum has the action here, and we need to hear from them right away," said Princeton Lyman, the U.S. special envoy for Sudan and South Sudan.

Lyman says accepting the African Union plan would go a long way toward minimizing tensions along the border, some of which are fueled by fighting and food shortages in the regions of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile.

"There is very great importance to getting humanitarian access and a cessation of hostilities in the areas of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile because that, too, affects the security along the border. If we can get progress toward those in the next few weeks, then the oil agreement can go forward and be implemented with some confidence," Lyman said.

The oil agreement reached earlier this month is meant to end a standoff over revenue sharing. At independence last July, South Sudan took with it more than three-quarters of the oil reserves, while the bulk of processing and export facilities remained in Sudan.

In January, South Sudan shut down all oil production during a dispute over how much Sudan was charging South Sudan to use export pipelines. Lyman says the new deal will help both governments find a more stable source of revenue.

"It will have to be implemented carefully as they inspect all the wells and get all the procedures and processes up. It also relates to other issues that are being negotiated at the same time. So when you put that all together, I would say production won't start for at least several months, and revenue probably won't be significant until early 2013," Lyman said.

Sudan and South Sudan are expected to resume talks on outstanding border and citizenship issues in Addis Ababa on Sunday.

You May Like

Video British Fighters on Frontline of Islamic State Information War

It’s estimated that several hundred British citizens are fighting for Islamic State alongside other foreign jihadists More

Pakistan's Political Turmoil Again Shines Spotlight on Military

Thousands of protesters calling for PM Sharif to step down continue protests in front of parliament, as critics fear political impasse could spur another military coup More

Photogallery Ebola Quarantines Spark Anxiety in Liberian Capital

Food prices rise sharply as residents attempting purchases clash with security forces, leaving one person dead More

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Native Bees May Help Save Cropsi
X
Deborah Block
August 22, 2014 12:23 AM
U.S. President Barack Obama has called for a federal strategy to promote the health of bees that have been declining. The honeybee has been waning due to parasites, disease and pesticides. Wild bees may be used to take over their role as crop pollinators. Scientists first need to learn a lot more about wild bees, says biologist Sam Droege, who is pioneering the first national inventory on native bees. VOA’s Deborah Block went to his research laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland, to bring you more.
Video

Video Native Bees May Help Save Crops

U.S. President Barack Obama has called for a federal strategy to promote the health of bees that have been declining. The honeybee has been waning due to parasites, disease and pesticides. Wild bees may be used to take over their role as crop pollinators. Scientists first need to learn a lot more about wild bees, says biologist Sam Droege, who is pioneering the first national inventory on native bees. VOA’s Deborah Block went to his research laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland, to bring you more.
Video

Video US Defense Officials Plan for Long-Term Strategy to Contain Islamic State

U.S. defense officials say American air strikes in Iraq have helped deter Islamic State militants for the time being, but that a broad international effort is needed to defeat the extremists permanently. Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel warned Thursday that the group formerly known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, or ISIL, is better organized, and financially and militarily stronger than any other known terrorist group. Zlatica Hoke has more.
Video

Video Drug-Resistant Malaria Spreads in Southeast Asia

On Thailand’s border with Myanmar, also known as Burma, a malaria research and treatment clinic is stepping up efforts to eliminate a drug-resistant form of the parasite - before it spreads abroad. Steve Sandford reports from Mae Sot, Thailand.
Video

Video Gaza Conflict, Hamas Popularity Challenge Abbas

The Palestinian unity government of Mahmoud Abbas has failed to convince Hamas to agree to Egyptian-negotiated terms with Israel on a Gaza cease-fire. VOA State Department Correspondent Scott Stearns reports on what the Gaza conflict means for President Abbas, with whom U.S. officials have worked for years on a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Video

Video Nigeria's 'Nollywood' Movie Industry Rolls in High Gear

Twenty years after its birth in a video shop in Lagos, Nigeria's "Nollywood" is one of the most prolific film industries on earth. Despite low budgets and whirlwind production schedules, Nigerian films are wildly popular in Africa and industry professionals say they hope, in the future, their films will be as great in quality as they are in quantity. Heather Murdock has more for VOA from Lagos.
Video

Video UN Launches 'Biggest Aid Operation in 30 Years' in Iraq

The United Nations has launched what it describes as one of the biggest aid operations in 30 years in northern Iraq, as hundreds of thousands of refugees flee the extremist Sunni militant group calling itself the Islamic State. As Kurdish and Iraqi forces battle the Sunni insurgents, the fighting has forced more people to flee their homes. Kurdish authorities say the international community must act now to avert a humanitarian catastrophe. Henry Ridgwell reports for VOA from London.
Video

Video Cambodian American Hip Hop Artist Sings of Personal Struggles

A growing underground movement of Cambodian American hip hop artists is rapping about the struggles of living in urban America. Most, if not all of them, are refugees or children of refugees who came to the United States from Cambodia to escape the Khmer Rouge genocide of the 1970s. Through their music, the artists hope to give voice to immigrants who have been struggling quietly for years. Elizabeth Lee reports from Long Beach, California.
Video

Video African Media Tries to Educate Public About Ebola

While the Ebola epidemic continues to claim lives in West Africa, information technology specialists, together with radio and TV reporters, are battling misinformation and prejudice about the disease - using social media to educate the public about the deadly virus. VOA’s George Putic has more.

AppleAndroid