News / Africa

South Sudan Seeks Arbitration to Resolve Issues With Sudan

South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) walks with Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (3rd L) as he arrives for talks with leaders from Sudan in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, January 4, 2013.South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) walks with Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (3rd L) as he arrives for talks with leaders from Sudan in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, January 4, 2013.
x
South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) walks with Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (3rd L) as he arrives for talks with leaders from Sudan in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, January 4, 2013.
South Sudan's President Salva Kiir (C) walks with Ethiopia's Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (3rd L) as he arrives for talks with leaders from Sudan in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, January 4, 2013.
South Sudan is seeking international arbitration to resolve its issues with Sudan. South Sudan’s president proposed this to his northern counterpart on the first day of a summit in Addis Ababa.
 
President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan and President Salva Kiir of South Sudan arrived in Ethiopia's capital on Friday for a summit. The two presidents will discuss ways of implementing security and economic deals seen as crucial for maintaining peace between their countries.

Sudan and South Sudan signed nine agreements in September, including one to demilitarize their common border. But none of those agreements have been implemented so far.  

Aiming for resolution

South Sudan’s chief negotiator Pagan Amum said that if the two countries cannot reach agreement on outstanding issues, the south would like to seek international arbitration.
 
“The way forward, our president believes, is for the African Union panel of experts be given the mandate to present to the two countries non-binding opinion on disputed and claimed areas," said Amum. "And if the there is no agreement or there is an outstanding issue, then the two countries will agree to take those outstanding disputes and claims to an international arbitration.”

South Sudan says international arbitration will be the most peaceful manner of resolving issues as long as the countries accept the outcome of the arbitration as final and binding.  President Kiir will try to seek concurrence from the government of Sudan on this matter.

Oil and a shared border

The two presidents also will discuss the disputed oil-rich Abyei region along their border. The African Union urged the neighboring countries to settle the matter before the AU summit later this month. The pan-African organization would then make the decision on the final status of Abyei.
 
Amum said South Sudan is hopeful the summit will resolve all outstanding issues but feels Sudan is holding up implementation of the September agreements.
 
“President Salva Kiir in the summit with President al-Bashir will also be discussing to encourage President al-Bashir to remove the new preconditions and obstacles that are hindering the full implementation," said Amum. "These are obstacles and preconditions imposed by the government of Sudan. It should be implemented without preconditions."

Simmering conflict

The two Sudans have been at odds since the south became independent in July 2011 and took the bulk of Sudanese oil production.
 
Last April, disputes over oil and fighting along the border almost escalated into a full-fledged war.  
 
Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalgen met with both presidents individually on Friday before Bashir and Kiir met with each other for a working dinner. The summit between the heads of state continues on Saturday.

You May Like

VOA Exclusive: Interview With Myanmar President Thein Sein

Thein Sein calls allegations that minority Muslim Rohingya are fleeing alleged torture in Rakhine state a media fabrication More

Video Better Protective Suit Sought for Ebola Caregivers

Current suit is uncomfortable, requires too many steps for removal, increasing chance of deadly contact with virus More

UN Rights Commission Investigates Eritrea

Three-member commission will start collecting first-hand information from victims and other witnesses in Switzerland and Italy next week More

This forum has been closed.
Comments
     
There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Ebola Economic Toll Stirs W. Africa Food Security Concernsi
X
November 19, 2014 11:39 PM
The World Bank said Wednesday that it expects the economic impact of the Ebola outbreak on the sub-Saharan economy to cost somewhere betweenf $3 billion to $4 billion - well below a previously-outlined worst-case scenario of $32 billion. Some economists, however, paint a gloomier picture - warning that the disruption to regional markets and trading is considerable. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Ebola Economic Toll Stirs W. Africa Food Security Concerns

The World Bank said Wednesday that it expects the economic impact of the Ebola outbreak on the sub-Saharan economy to cost somewhere betweenf $3 billion to $4 billion - well below a previously-outlined worst-case scenario of $32 billion. Some economists, however, paint a gloomier picture - warning that the disruption to regional markets and trading is considerable. Henry Ridgwell reports from London.
Video

Video Mexico Protests Escalate Over Disappearances

Protests in Mexico over 43 students missing since September continue to escalate, reflecting growing anger among Mexicans about a political system they view as corrupt, and increasingly tainted by the drug trade. Mounting outrage over the disappearances is now focused on the government of President Enrique Pena Nieto, accused of not doing enough to end insecurity in the country. More from VOA's Victoria Macchi.
Video

Video US Senate Votes Down Controversial Oil Pipeline - For Now

The U.S. Senate has rejected construction of a controversial pipeline to transport Canadian oil to American refineries. The $5 billion project still could be approved next year, but it faces a possible veto by President Barack Obama. As VOA’s Michael Bowman reports, the pipeline has exposed deep divisions in Congress about America’s energy future.
Video

Video Can Minsk Cease-fire Agreement Hold?

Growing tensions between government troops and separatists in eastern Ukraine further threaten a cease-fire agreement reached two months ago in the Belarusian capital of Minsk. Critics of U.S. policy in Ukraine say it is time the Obama administration gives up on that much-violated cease-fire and moves toward a new deal with Russia. VOA's Scott Stearns has more.
Video

Video Chaos, Abuse Defy Solution in Libya

The political and security crisis in Libya is deepening, with competing governments and, according to Amnesty International, widespread human rights violations committed with impunity. VOA’s Al Pessin reports from London.
Video

Video US Hosts Record 866,000 Foreign Students

Close to 900,000 international students are studying at American universities and colleges, more than ever before. About half of them come from Asia, mostly China. The United States hosts more foreign students than any other country in the world, and its foreign student population is steadily growing. Zlatica Hoke reports.
Video

Video Ferguson Church Grapples with Race Relations

Many white residents of Ferguson, Missouri, say they chose to live there because of the American Midwest community's diversity. So, they were shocked when a white police officer killed an unarmed black teenager in August – and shaken by the resulting protests and violence. Some local churches are leading conversations on how to go forward. VOA’s Ayesha Tanzeem reports.
Video

Video What Jon Stewart Learned About Iran From 'Rosewater'

Jon Stewart, host of the satirical news program "The Daily Show" talks with Saman Arbabi of Voice of America's Persian service about Stewart's directorial debut, "Rosewater."
Video

Video Lebanese Winemakers Thrive Despite War Next Door

In some of the most volatile parts of Lebanon, where a constant flow of refugees crosses the border from Syria, one industry continues to flourish against the odds. Lebanese winemakers say after surviving a brutal civil war in the 1970s and 80s, they can survive anything. Heather Murdock has more for VOA from the Bekaa Valley in Lebanon.
Video

Video China's Rise Closely Watched

China’s role as APEC host this week allowed a rare opportunity for Beijing to showcase its vision for the global economy and the region. But as China’s stature grows, so have tensions with other countries, including the United States. VOA’s Bill Ide in Beijing reports on how China’s rise as a global power is seen among Chinese and Americans.

All About America

AppleAndroid