News / Middle East

    US, Israel Head Closer to New Defense Pact, Despite Tension

    FILE - An Israeli soldier walks past tanks near the Israel and Gaza border, July 10, 2014. The United States and Israel are negotiating a new deal regarding military aid.
    FILE - An Israeli soldier walks past tanks near the Israel and Gaza border, July 10, 2014. The United States and Israel are negotiating a new deal regarding military aid.
    Ken Bredemeier

    The United States signaled Wednesday that it is moving toward a new package of military assistance to Israel, its closest Middle Eastern ally, even as relations between U.S. President Barack Obama and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu remain fraught with tension.

    U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, in Jerusalem for a meeting with Netanyahu, said the Jewish state's regional military superiority must be preserved with both the quantity and quality of its weaponry. The two countries are negotiating a new U.S. defense aid pact to replace the $3 billion-a-year agreement that expires in 2018.

    The Israelis are seeking $4.5 billion annually from Washington; the U.S. is targeting a figure of about $3.7 billion. Netanyahu said in January that the two countries are finalizing details for a 10-year package.

    Biden said the assistance is necessary because Israel is in a "very, very tough neighborhood, a tough and changing neighborhood. We are committed to making sure that Israel can defend itself against all serious threats, maintain its qualitative edge with a quantity sufficient to maintain that."

    Biden told reporters that Obama has "done more to help bolster Israel's security than any other administration in history."

    U.S. Vice President Joe Biden (L) and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu deliver joint statements during their meeting in Jerusalem March 9, 2016.
    U.S. Vice President Joe Biden (L) and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu deliver joint statements during their meeting in Jerusalem March 9, 2016.

    But whether a new aid package is completed before Obama leaves office next January is an open question. Israeli aides hinted last month that they may wait to complete a deal until his successor is sworn in.

    Rocky relations

    The relations between Obama and Netanyahu have been contentious. The latest dispute unfolded this week, when the White House said it found out through news accounts that the Israeli leader had decided not to make a trip to Washington next week for a meeting with Obama after first suggesting the get-together.

    Nonetheless, David Makovsky, a senior fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, told VOA the U.S.-Israeli friendship has thrived despite the prickly Obama-Netanyahu relationship.

    "Everyone has talked about the rockiness and the relationship between President Obama and the prime minister, while pointing out that the security relationship has survived and thrived, despite the political differences," Makovsky said. "But I don't know if in the eighth year of an eight-year year term there is great expectation of any grand turnaround at this point."

    Even so, Makovsky concluded, "I think these are two countries that understand joint values and the U.S.-Israel relationship is really too big to fail. It's grown in breadth and depth, the security relationship is very vibrant, very strong. So it's a kind of [like] A Tale of Two Cities, you know: the best of times and the not exactly best of times."

    Netanyahu's office said he called off next week's trip to Washington because he did not want to upstage the current Republican and Democratic presidential nominating elections, even though Obama is not on the ballot.

    Leaders’ past spats

    The United States has been a staunch ally of Israel for the duration of its nearly seven-decade existence in the turbulent Middle East, but there have been year-by-year conflicts between Obama and Netanyahu, both of whom assumed power in early 2009.

    FILE - U.S. President Barack Obama (R) meets Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the United Nations in New York, Sept. 21, 2011.
    FILE - U.S. President Barack Obama (R) meets Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the United Nations in New York, Sept. 21, 2011.

    When the two leaders first met at the White House seven years ago, White House officials were irked that Netanyahu avoided endorsing Palestinian statehood, a U.S. priority that Obama now acknowledges will not become a reality before he leaves office.

    Later the same year, Obama said in a Cairo speech that the United States "does not accept the legitimacy of continued Israeli settlements" in the West Bank — housing communities that Israel has expanded over the years even as the world community has denounced the new construction.

    In March 2010, when Biden was on another trip to Israel, the Israeli government announced plans for a new 1,600-home settlement. Later the same month, when Netanyahu was in Washington, he was denied the normal formalities accorded a foreign dignitary, including the ritual handshake.

    By 2011, a peeved Obama was caught on a live mic complaining about Netanyahu in a conversation with then-French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    "You may be sick of him, but me, I have to deal with him every day," Obama said.

    Four years ago as Obama sought re-election, the White House viewed Netanyahu as a key supporter of Obama's Republican opponent, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, who was openly welcomed by Netanyahu on a visit to Israel.

    There were new tensions last year as Obama and five other world leaders negotiated a nuclear agreement with Iran that curbed its development of nuclear weaponry in exchange for lifting sanctions that had sharply diminished Tehran's economy. Netanyahu, a staunch foe of the deal, accepted a Republican invitation to address Congress to denounce the deal as it was being negotiated. Obama refused to meet him while he was in Washington for the speech.

    The two leaders subsequently met at the White House after the nuclear deal was completed, shook hands and moved on to discuss the two countries' mutual interests in curbing Middle East turmoil.

    VOA's Elizabeth Cherneff contributed to this report.

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    Comments
         
    by: Marcus Aurelius II from: NJ USA
    March 10, 2016 10:55 AM
    The world in general and the US in particular had better get used to the fact that not only won't Israel go back to its pre 1967 war borders but that it will not cede anymore territory to anyone. The settlements are a way to consolidate a territory that is defendable from ground invasion. The 1967 borders were not. Jerusalem as the undividable capital of Israel allows people of all religions to worship there, prior to 1967 they could not. It isn't going back.

    The world had also get used to the fact that there will never be a Palestinian stated. Such an entity would merely serve as a launching pad for more wars against Israel. The Arabs who call themselves Palestinians should resign themselves to this fact, end their hostility to Israel which they brought about themselves, and make the best life they can for themselves which can be far better if they give up the notion that one day they will eliminate Israel and take back the land. That is not going to happen.

    by: Hameed Shaheen from: Pakistan
    March 10, 2016 10:19 AM
    The new US-Israel defense pact which according to media reports is aimed at keeping the superiority of israel's military power in middle east is not going to draw near the process of peace in the region; the new measure is likely to embolden israel's non-talking posture vis-a-vis palestine issue; american role in the middle east palestine-israel conflict has not been diplomatically helpful for a just solution to Al-Quds and Palestine dispute running since 1948; neither israel vacated 1967-war occupied golan heights; middle east is suffering now by double conflicts: latest syrian one, oldest palestinian-israeli one;

    As a student of global affairs i have found american stance on middle east as highly biased; arab bloc is too great ally of usa, but it is not receiving that much weight from washington as one-country ally israel. usa being sole global power must change her attitude and must play a mediator role in satisfactorily settling palestine-israel issue;

    by: PermReader
    March 09, 2016 3:59 PM
    The mawkish tone of the post is copying the Obama`s government one toward Israel, though it often changes for the harsh one, when the Palestine question is tuched.

    by: meanbill from: USA
    March 09, 2016 3:40 PM
    Israel is in a real war with the Palestinian youths of today, and this war will last for 40 years or more, because the Israelis keep taking more and more Palestinian lands and forcing the Palestinians into ghettos without hope that keep getting smaller and smaller, [and now], the Palestinian youths of today will fight and die (with whatever weapons they can get) to take their rightful lands back, because they have nothing to lose but their worthless lives anymore?

    Israel keeps making excuses that they need more and more land for security purposes, [but in reality], there is not enough land in all of the Holy Land to protect them from the enemies they are making today and tomorrow? .. When the Israelis should have been seeking a lasting peace, they instead used tactics on the Palestinians reminiscent of the Nazi and Roman tactics used against them in prior wars? .. The US and western Europe cannot provide enough weapons to stop this Palestinian youth war that will overwhelm Israel in coming years, unless the Israelis find a real workable peaceful solution to end it? .. Seek peace?

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