News / Middle East

US Looks for New Civilian Leadership in Syrian Opposition

US Looks for New Civilian Leadership in Syrian Oppositioni
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Scott Stearns
November 01, 2012
The main opposition Syrian National Council long looked to be the foundation of a transitional authority to replace President Assad. But Washington has watched with frustration at the SNC's personality-driven leadership and its failure to incorporate more minority Alawites and Kurds.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton speaks in Zagreb, Croatia, Oct. 31, 2012.

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— The Obama administration is looking for a new group of Syrians to lead the rebellion against President Bashar Assad. It says the Syrian National Council (SNC) has shown itself unable to unify the opposition and end the Assad family’s four decades of rule.

The SNC long looked to be the foundation of a transitional authority to replace President Assad. But Washington has watched with frustration at the opposition's personality-driven leadership and its failure to incorporate more minority Alawites and Kurds. They can no longer be viewed as the visible leader of the opposition, said U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

"They can be part of a larger opposition, but that opposition must include people from inside Syria and others who have a legitimate voice that needs to be heard," Clinton said, adding that Syria needs opposition leaders who represent everyone.

"It is not a secret that many inside Syria are worried about what comes next. They have no love lost for the Assad regime, but they worry, rightly so, about the future," said Clinton. "And so there needs to be an opposition that can speak to every segment and every geographic part of Syria."

That, she said, comes from inside Syria.

"This cannot be an opposition represented by people who have many good attributes but have, in many instances, not been inside Syria for 20, 30, or 40 years. There has to be a representation of those who are on the front lines, fighting and dying today to obtain their freedom," said Clinton.

The push from the Obama administration comes as more local governance emerges in areas controlled by the rebel Free Syrian Army. Steve Heydemann, who directs Middle East programs at the U.S. Institute of Peace, said the new leadership in these areas have credibilty.

"They pose some very interesting new possibilities for how civilian control might emerge in Syria from the bottom-up rather than from the top-down or from the outside-in," he said.

Politicians outside Syria increasingly risk being eclipsed by FSA fighters, he added.

"One of the big challenges to the political opposition now is that the leadership of the FSA has moved its headquarters inside of Syria. And it increases the perception that the civilian leadership is out of touch, not in direct contact with the people who are on the front lines of this revolution."

Heydemann said the Assad regime sees limits of foreign military support for its opponents.

"They are feeling emboldened. They feel as if Russia, China, Iran, Hezbollah are very firmly on their side. They sense the prevarication of the international community in increasing its support for the opposition. And they feel that gives them the advantage. I'm afraid that their calculus in that regard could turn out to be correct," said Heydemann.

Still, Clinton said Washington is not giving up on the mediation efforts of United Nations and Arab League Special Envoy Lakhdar Brahimi.

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by: Jamal
November 03, 2012 9:13 AM
Looks like Hillary didn't like the realities on the ground and is trying to change them through personnel change. This is a waste of time and it will come back to haunt the US.


by: Michael from: USA
November 02, 2012 1:09 AM
One could say that the early opposition proved to be unacceptable in leadership quality, but more so that the opposition was not true to the Palestinian struggle


by: musawi melake
November 01, 2012 2:26 PM
So, the US and its Western allies are finding it very very difficult to white-wash a terrorist group into a legitimate govt. There's only one legitimate govt. in Syria, i.e. the govt. led by President Assad, and no matter what the Obama-club tries, things can't change on the ground since their coolies are none other than a bunch of selfish-minded individuals who want to become rich and powerful by utilizing the usual cravings for change and betterment.

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