US Presidential Winner Faces Daunting Task

A combination photo shows U.S. President Barack Obama during a visit to a campaign field office in Chicago, and Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney walking out of the polling station after voting in Belmont, Massachusetts, on election day, November 6, 2012.
A combination photo shows U.S. President Barack Obama during a visit to a campaign field office in Chicago, and Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney walking out of the polling station after voting in Belmont, Massachusetts, on election day, November 6, 2012.
Ken Bredemeier
Daunting issues await the winner of Tuesday's U.S. presidential election, whether it is Democratic incumbent President Barack Obama or his Republican challenger, Mitt Romney.

The new American president will not be sworn into office for a four-year term until January 20, 2013.

But Obama will have to deal with a variety of contentious tax and spending issues before the end of 2012. The president and lawmakers in Congress delayed key decisions until after the election, but now will have only a few weeks to deal with them.

If Romney wins the election, even before he assumes office, he could play a key role in deciding whether to extend key tax rates that affect virtually all workers in the U.S. In addition, Congress has to decide whether to cut spending, and to what extent, on numerous defense and domestic programs.

As the cumulative U.S. government debt total continues to mount, the U.S. will also face a decision early in 2013 whether to increase the amount the country can borrow beyond the current $16 trillion level. In addition, both candidates have pledged to work for a plan that would reduce the debt level over a period of years, but debates on the issue have proved contentious in recent years.

Underlying the tax and spending issues are questions about how to boost the American economy. The U.S. economy, the world's largest, is advancing, but only sluggishly as the country recovers from the depths of the recession in 2008 and 2009, the country's worst downturn since the Great Depression of the 1930s.

Overseas, the president over the coming months will be faced with winding down the U.S. involvement in its longest war, against the Taliban in Afghanistan, without leaving the region a more dangerous place. Obama has pledged to bring troops home by the end of 2014.

The U.S. role in curbing development of Iran's nuclear program remains at the heart of American concerns in the Mideast, along with protecting the security of Israel and ending the violence in Syria.

No matter who wins the election, the American government will also face a generational change in leadership in China, the world's second biggest economic power. Washington and Beijing have often sparred over trade and monetary issues.
This forum has been closed.
Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Dennis from: Cebu Philippines
November 07, 2012 12:46 AM
I think he deserves another 4 years. And for Mr. Romney, maybe after. God Bless America!

by: Annabelle from: Philippines
November 06, 2012 11:49 PM
Obama is kind to all, I'm sure he will win.

by: Lynn from: Philippines
November 06, 2012 8:16 PM
I hope President Obama will win this election...
In Response

by: Lynn from: Philippines
November 06, 2012 11:27 PM
Please pray harder coz I'm pretty sure Obama will win this election....
In Response

by: gary from: usa
November 06, 2012 10:36 PM
I pray obumer does not win! Enought of vacationing for last 4 years,spending the tax payers into debit

by: Rob Swift from: Great Britain
November 06, 2012 4:18 PM
Sincere best wishes to President Obama. He has earned a lot of respect.

by: methomson from: nigeria
November 06, 2012 3:49 PM
obama is equal to the task

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Hate Groups Spread Influence Via Interneti
X
Mike O'Sullivan
June 30, 2015 8:20 PM
Hate groups of various kinds are using the Internet for propaganda and recruitment, and a Jewish human rights organization that monitors these groups, the Simon Wiesenthal Center, says their influence is growing. The messages are different, but the calls to hatred or violence are similar. VOA's Mike O’Sullivan reports.
Video

Video Hate Groups Spread Influence Via Internet

Hate groups of various kinds are using the Internet for propaganda and recruitment, and a Jewish human rights organization that monitors these groups, the Simon Wiesenthal Center, says their influence is growing. The messages are different, but the calls to hatred or violence are similar. VOA's Mike O’Sullivan reports.
Video

Video US Silica Sand Mining Surge Worries Illinois Residents, Businesses

Increased domestic U.S. oil and gas production, thanks to advances known as “fracking,” has created a boom for other industries supporting that extraction. Demand for silica sand, used in fracking, could triple over the next five years. In the Midwest state of Illinois, people living near the mines are worried about how increased silica sand mining will affect their businesses and their health. VOA’s Kane Farabaugh has more in this first of a series of reports.
Video

Video Blind Somali Journalist Defies Odds in Mogadishu

Despite improving security in the last few years, Somalia remains one of the most dangerous countries to be a journalist – even more so for someone who cannot see. Abdulaziz Billow has the story of journalist Abdifatah Hassan Kalgacal, who has been reporting from the Somali capital for the last decade despite being blind.
Video

Video Texas Defies Same-Sex Marriage Ruling

Texas state officials have criticized the US Supreme Court decision giving same-sex couples the right to marry nationwide. The attorney general of Texas says last week's decision did not overrule constitutional "rights of religious liberty," and therefore officials performing wedding services can refuse to perform them for same-sex couples if it is against their religious beliefs. Zlatica Hoke reports on the controversy.
Video

Video Syrians Flee IS Advance in Hasaka

The Syrian government said Monday it has taken back one of several districts in Hasaka overrun by Islamic State militants. But continued fighting elsewhere in the northern city has forced thousands of civilians from their homes. In this report narrated by Bill Rodgers, VOA Kurdish Service reporter Zana Omer describes the scene in Amouda, where some of the displaced are taking refuge.
Video

Video Rabbi Hits Road to Heal Jewish-Muslim Relations in France

France is on high alert after last week's terrorist attack near the city Lyon, just six months after deadly Paris shootings. The attack have added new tensions to relations between French Jews and Muslims. France’s Jewish and Muslim communities also share a common heritage, though, and as far as one French rabbi is concerned, they are destined to be friends. From the Paris suburb of La Courneuve, Lisa Bryant reports about Rabbi Michel Serfaty and his friendship bus.
Video

Video S. Korea Christians Protest Gay Rights Festival

The U.S. Supreme Court decision mandating marriage equality nationwide has energized gay rights supporters around the world. Gay rights remain a highly contentious issue in a key U.S. ally, South Korea, where police did a deft job Sunday of preventing potential clashes between Christian protesters and gay activists. Kurt Achin reports from Seoul.
Video

Video Saudi Leaks Expose ‘Checkbook Diplomacy’ In Battle With Iran

Saudi Arabia’s willingness to wield its oil money on the global diplomatic stage appears to have been laid bare, after the website WikiLeaks published tens of thousands of leaked cables from Riyadh’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs. VOA's Henry Ridgwell reports.
Video

Video Nubians in Kenya Face Land Challenges

East Africa's ethnic Nubians have a rich cultural history that dates back thousands of years, but in Kenya they are facing hardships, including the loss of lands they have lived on for generations. They say the government has reneged on its pledge to award them title deeds for the plots. VOA's Lenny Ruvaga reports.
Video

Video Military Experts Question New Russian Tank Capabilities

Russia has been showing off its new tank design – the Armata T-14. Designers claim it is 20 years ahead of current Western designs - and driving it feels like playing a computer game. But military analysts question those assertions, and warn the cost could be too heavy a burden for Russia’s struggling economy. Henry Ridgwell reports.
Video

Video In Kenya, Police Said to Shoot First, Ask Questions Later

An organization that documents torture and extrajudicial killings says Kenyan police were responsible for 1,252 shooting deaths in five cities, including Nairobi, between 2009 and 2014, representing 67 percent of all gun deaths in the areas reviewed. Gabe Joselow has more from Nairobi.
Video

Video In Syrian Crisis, Social Media Offer Small Comforts

Za’atari, a makeshift city in Jordan, may be the only Syrian refugee camp to tweet its activities, in an effort to keep donors motivated as the war in Syria intensifies and the humanitarian crisis deepens. Inside the camp, families say mobile phone applications help hold together families that are physically torn apart. VOA’s Heather Murdock reports.

VOA Blogs