News / USA

    US Hopes to Resolve Iran Nuclear Standoff in 2013

    US Hopes to Resolve Iran Nuclear Standoff in 2013i
    X
    December 20, 2012 10:10 PM
    Resolving Iran’s nuclear standoff with the West is one of the major foreign policy challenges facing the second Obama administration. Sanctions imposed by the United States and European Union have hit the Iranian economy hard enough to possibly push Iran toward a diplomatic solution. VOA’s Guita Aryan reports from the State Department.
    US Hopes to Resolve Iran Nuclear Standoff in 2013
    Guita Aryan
    Resolving Iran’s nuclear standoff with the West is one of the major foreign policy challenges facing the second Obama administration. Sanctions imposed by the United States and European Union have hit the Iranian economy hard enough to possibly push Iran toward a diplomatic solution.

    There were three high-level meetings between world powers and Iran in 2012. But by year’s end, the two sides were not near resolution on Iran's controversial nuclear program.

    The West fears Iran is developing a nuclear weapon capability. Iran says its program has peaceful aims.

    Having won a second term in the White House, President Barack Obama has warned that he will not accept a nuclear-armed Iran. But he said he wants to resolve the standoff diplomatically.

    “There should be a way in which they can enjoy peaceful nuclear power while still meeting their international obligations and providing clear assurances to the international community that they’re not pursuing a nuclear weapon,” said Obama.

    Easing sanctions is one of Iran’s demands. But the U.S. sanctions are law, and except for limited waivers, they will be difficult for Obama to change.

    William Reinsch is a former Commerce Department official who now heads an association promoting open trade.

    “He is going to have to go back to Congress and there again, he is going to have to deal with the multiplicity of members of Congress, many of whom have different objectives over the purpose of the sanctions and he may find it much more difficult either to modify or repeal than he might think,” said Reinsch.

    Amid continued reports of Israeli preparations to attack Iran, Israel’s Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, recently set 2013 as the deadline for resolution. The United States has asked Israel for patience.

    Retired U.S. Marine Lieutenant General Gregory Newbold said many retired senior members of the U.S. military think politicians are too quick to advocate the military option.

    “There is a lot of concern on this matter that has become an emotional, almost personal issue within members of the political class and without an informed understanding of consequences of military action, we may pay a price that is disproportionate to what we are trying to achieve,” he said.

    The White House says it is not pursuing regime change in Iran. It says its main goal is to make sure there will not be any military dimension to Iran’s nuclear program.

    Diplomats from major world powers are expected to soon set a date and venue for another meeting with Iran.

    Shaul Bakhash, a history professor at George Mason University, said Iran’s Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, will not compromise without Western concessions.

    “Khamenei will not give up enrichment, surrender its fuel stocks enriched to 20 percent level, allow more intrusive inspections and close down the Fordo enrichment facility without concessions from the U.S. that he can present as a great victory for Iran,” he said.

    Bakhash is not optimistic that the United States can accept such demands, leaving the U.S. and the West in a continued quandary over how to pressure Tehran.

    You May Like

    Video Somali, AU Forces Face Resurgent Al-Shabab

    Somalia’s Western backers frustrated over country’s slow progress in establishing its armed forces to bring security after 25 years of chaos

    Israel Makes Push for Gaza Strip Recovery

    After years of economic blockade and attempts to disable Hamas, Israeli leaders eventually realized that Hamas’ downfall could lead to chaos or the rise of a more radical Jihadist group

    Slump in Chinese Tourists Hitting Hong Kong Retail

    Mainland Chinese account for up to three-quarters of visitors to Hong Kong, but that number is falling, and shopping centers are struggling to 'shift gears' and maintain sales

    This forum has been closed.
    Comment Sorting
    Comments
         
    by: JohnWV from: USA
    December 21, 2012 12:29 PM
    NO MORE WARS! Israel has ICBM nukes and openly threatens Iran; actually campaigns for war against Iran. Israel, not Iran, is the warmonger. Resolution lies with lifting all sanctions and compensating Iran for damages from the $$$ billions we will no longer be giving the Jewish state. American foreign policy must again serve American interests, not the Jewish state's relentless pursuit of invulnerability, territorial conquest and apartheid supremacist empire. NO MORE WARS!

    by: Anonymous
    December 21, 2012 11:32 AM
    As an Iranian I've lived 30 years in this country under the oppresive regym which you now see the ugly face of and we are tasting it for quite some time now. Let's faec it. only and only a war can stop mullahs. cut the bullshit and do what you'll do at the end. I now living under the rule of Americans is not gonna be good either but I'm sure they are much better than mullahs.

    by: Iranian
    December 21, 2012 10:30 AM
    Current demand by the West is unacceptable to the Iranian people, personally I wasn't in favour of the regime's nuclear program in the first place, but imposing sanctions without any relief in exchange for stopping the enrichment doesn't help with a diplomat solution, we are not fools, if the high level enrichment is to be stopped, West must offer more than the right to buy civilian aircraft spare parts which shouldn't have been banned in the first place.

    by: George from: USA
    December 20, 2012 10:11 PM
    President Obama's demand that Iran essentially "prove" that it is not developing nuclear weapons is a fool's errand. It is a goal that is impossible to achieve. How can Iran prove a negative? The burden in the U.S. and the West to provide evidence that Iran is doing something suspicious. In fact, all claim on Iran are based on speculation or forged data such as the "alleged studies" documents.

    President Obama should stop pretending to negotiate with Iran. Since he has no ability to remove the sanctions that are codified as law by Congress, he should admit that the negotiations with Iran are useless.

    by: Amin from: Texas
    December 20, 2012 9:46 PM
    As the article states the US is in no position to offer any relief and therefore not in position to negotiate anything. They should just step aside. Their intransigence is hurting chances of a negotiated settlement and may ultimately lead to a war.

    by: JKF from: Ottawa, Canada
    December 20, 2012 9:17 PM
    A terminal confrontation with Iran will occur; probably sooner than later, but it will occur. The current Iranian leadership has never backed down on its expressed courses of action. Even when Iran's current leadership was weak, it did not avoid confrontations with the US (in Irak, Afghanistan, Lebanon, US embassy, etc). These confrontations have mainly been through their proxy-terrorist forces. Do not forget the marine barracks; the many IED's and other arms found in the hands of anti US forces in Iraq, the training of militias, the rapidly changing sit in North Western Afghanistan, and so on. Do not forget how the Carter administration trembled on all kinds of fear wrt Iran. Had Carter not been overcome by fear, and taken decisive action then, maybe the current Iraniaan leadership would have altered course. All these negotiations, just like with N Korea have produced zero. Had the advice of Gen MacArthur been taken, the NK issue would probably also not be the same. A similar state of denial exists amongst the many EU, and even some Israeli leaders. Isr also has been under continued threat and intermitent sustained attack by Iran's proxis, mainly Hezbollah. Iran's leadership has been very clear, from its early beginings, after the overthrow of the Sha, on its strategic aims. Step by step it has demonstrated, through actions, that it is on target. The worse case scenario is a nuclear exchange in the ME. The sit, in my view is nearing that bleak reality.
    In Response

    by: Mohsin Syedain from: India
    December 21, 2012 8:02 AM
    Yes, Iranians are at great fault here. They should have been informed that Iraq and Afghanistan are part of the United States of America and those who are opposing the US Military activities in Afghanistan and Iraq are terrorists. There must be some way to get this message across to the Iranians and one gr8 way is to bomb them into 'enlightenment' or maybe get those saints IDF to do it for US of A. What se we?

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    Somali, African Union Forces Face Resurgent Al-Shababi
    X
    Henry Ridgwell
    April 28, 2016 4:20 PM
    The Islamic State terror group claimed its first attack in Somalia earlier this week, though the claim has not been verified by forces on the ground. Meanwhile, al-Shabab militants have stepped up their attacks as Somalia prepares for elections later this year. Henry Ridgwell reports there are growing frustrations among Somalia’s Western backers over the country’s slow progress in forming its own armed forces to establish security after 25 years of chaos.
    Video

    Video Somali, African Union Forces Face Resurgent Al-Shabab

    The Islamic State terror group claimed its first attack in Somalia earlier this week, though the claim has not been verified by forces on the ground. Meanwhile, al-Shabab militants have stepped up their attacks as Somalia prepares for elections later this year. Henry Ridgwell reports there are growing frustrations among Somalia’s Western backers over the country’s slow progress in forming its own armed forces to establish security after 25 years of chaos.
    Video

    Video Bangladesh Targeted Killings Spark Wave of Fear

    People in Bangladesh’s capital are expressing deep concern over the brutal attacks that have killed secular blogger, and most recently a gay rights activist and an employee of the U.S. embassy. Xulhaz Mannan, an embassy protocol officer and the editor of the country’s only gay and transgender magazine Roopban; and his friend Mehboob Rabbi Tanoy, a gay rights activist, were hacked to death by five attackers in Mannan’s Dhaka home earlier this month.
    Video

    Video Documentary Tells Tale of Chernobyl Returnees

    Ukraine this week is marking the 30th anniversary of the world's worst nuclear accident, at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Soviet officials at first said little about the accident, but later evacuated a 2,600-square-kilometer "exclusion zone." Some people, though, came back. American directors Holly Morris and Anne Bogart created a documentary about this faithful and brave community. VOA's Tetiana Kharchenko reports from New York on "The Babushkas of Chernobyl." Carol Pearson narrates.
    Video

    Video Nigerians Feel Bite of Buhari Economic Policy

    Despite the global drop in the price of oil, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari has refused to allow the country's currency to devalue, leading to a shortage of foreign exchange. Chris Stein reports from Lagos businessmen and consumers are feeling the impact as the country deals with a severe fuel shortage.
    Video

    Video  Return to the Wild

    There’s a growing trend in the United States to let old or underused golf courses revert back to nature. But as Erika Celeste reports from one parcel in Grafton, Ohio, converting 39 hectares of land back to green space is a lot more complicated than just not mowing the fairway.
    Video

    Video West Urges Unity in Libya as Migrant Numbers Soar

    The Italian government says a NATO-led mission aimed at stemming the flow of migrants from Libya to Europe could be up and running by July. There are concerns that the number of migrants could soar as the route through Greece and the Balkans remains blocked. Western powers say the political chaos in Libya is being exploited by people smugglers — and they are pressuring rival groups to come together under the new unity government. VOA's Henry Ridgwell reports.
    Video

    Video Russia’s TV Rain Swims Against Tide in Sea of Kremlin Propaganda

    Russia’s media freedoms have been gradually eroded under President Vladimir Putin as his government has increased state ownership, influence, and restrictions on critical reporting. Television, where most Russians get their news, has been the main target and is now almost completely state controlled. But in the Russian capital, TV Rain stands out as an island in a sea of Kremlin propaganda.
    Video

    Video Kurdish Town Receives Refugees but Lacks Resources

    A wave of refugees is pouring into the Kurdish town of Afrin in northern Syria as a result of fighting between rebel forces and Islamic State militants. VOA’s Amina Misto went to the town and reports local authorities are finding it difficult to cope with this influx of internally displaced people. Bronwyn Benito narrates her report.
    Video

    Video Scientists Build Human Tissue on Animal Matrix

    The question has always been, if a gecko can grow back its tail, why can't we regenerate our lost body parts? Well, maybe we can, someday. Scientists are moving towards the ability to rebuild fully functioning organs, and have made significant progress replacing muscles and other tissue.
    Video

    Video Containing Chernobyl Radiation Continues 30 Years After Explosion

    April 26 marks the 30th anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Hundreds were killed following the explosion and it's estimated that thousands more have died from cancers caused by the radiation. Henry Ridgwell traveled to Chernobyl and reports for VOA on the continuing efforts to decommission the site -- and on the fledgling plans for a new future in the vast exclusion zone.
    Video

    Video Frustration Builds Among Refugees Trapped at Macedonian Border

    On the Greek border with Macedonia, 12,000 refugees continue to wait. Since the route to the rest of Europe was closed last month, the makeshift camp at Idomeni has seen protests and tear gas. But while those here wait, their frustration grows — as do reports of people attempting to find new ways of continuing their journey. John Owens reports from Idomeni.
    Video

    Video Researchers: Bees Help Kenyan Farmers Fend Off Elephants

    Elephant crop-raiding continues to be a major source of human-wildlife conflict in Kenya, so one elephant researcher is helping to alleviate the problem near Tsavo East National Park with beehive fences, which use elephants’ natural aversion to bees to deter them from farms. VOA’s Jill Craig visited the area ahead of this month's Giants Club Summit, which will bring together dignitaries at Mount Kenya to find solutions to combat poaching, the No. 1 threat to elephants.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora