News / Health

    WHO: Global Tobacco Usage Leveling Off

    A couple walk through an anti-tobacco installation set up by the Uruguay's Resources National Fund, depicting cigarettes' harmful components, in Montevideo, Uruguay (File)
    A couple walk through an anti-tobacco installation set up by the Uruguay's Resources National Fund, depicting cigarettes' harmful components, in Montevideo, Uruguay (File)
    Lisa Schlein

    The World Health Organization says progress is being made in the fight against the widespread use of tobacco.  However, as it marks this year’s World No Tobacco Day May 31, WHO warns much work, remains to be done to reduce the millions of premature deaths that occur every year from tobacco-related illnesses.  

    The Convention

    The World Health Organization says there are indications the global use of tobacco is beginning to plateau and even decrease.  It attributes this success largely to the implementation of WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.

    The Convention, the first public health treaty ever adopted, entered into force in 2005.  So far, 173 countries have ratified it.

    Watch a related report by Vidushi Sinha

    The Head of the Convention Secretariat, Haik Nikogosian, says 80 percent of the parties either have adopted or strengthened legislation on tobacco control after joining the Convention. He calls this a very strong global achievement.

    “I think we are winning the battle. Yes, this is a long battle.  It will take many, many years, but the tobacco epidemic, including in some countries where it was a big challenge, is starting to curb,” said Nikogosian.  “It will take a very long time. They are still taking millions of lives. But, the good news is that it seems that it is curbing.”  

    Incremental successes since inception

    WHO figures indicate a significant drop in the prevalence of smoking since enforcement of the Convention began six years ago.

    For example, smoking in Australia, Norway and Mexico has dropped by five percent during this period.  An even more dramatic result is found in Uraguay, where smoking has declined from 46 percent to 31 percent over the past three years.  

    Tobacco, one of the biggest contributors to non-communicable diseases


    Nevertheless, Armando Peruga, WHO's Program Manager for Tobacco Free Initiative, says the public health effects of tobacco use are still devastating.

    “This year, the tobacco epidemic will kill nearly six million people, including more than 600,000 non-smokers that will die from exposure to tobacco smoke,” said Peruga.  

    By 2030, Dr. Peruga warns, tobacco could kill eight million people, of whom more than 80 percent will live in low and middle-income countries. “As you know, tobacco is one of the biggest contributors to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases, such as heart attack, stroke, cancer, emphysema, which accounts for about two-thirds of all deaths of NCD (non-communicable diseases) and about one in eight of the total deaths. That is about 13 percent,” he explained.  

    WHO says the tobacco industry’s marketing tactics is becoming more aggressive as more people give up smoking. It says the industry is mainly targeting young people and women in poor countries.  

    The Framework Convention contains a number of non-smoking measures countries are obliged to implement over time.  WHO officials say the most effective one is increasing tobacco taxes.  

    Other measures include banning tobacco advertising and sales to minors, placing large health warnings on packages of tobacco and making public places smoke free.

    You May Like

    Vietnam Mulls Tough Measures for ‘Misbehaving’ Chinese Tourists

    Move comes after footage surfaced online of Chinese travelers harassing a banana hawker in Da Nang

    Pakistan Social Media Star's Honor Killing Fuels Debate

    Qandeel Baloch's murder puts spotlight on deadly tradition and other mistreatment of women

    This forum has been closed.
    Comments
         
    There are no comments in this forum. Be first and add one

    Featured Videos

    Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
    Wall Already Runs Along Parts of US-Mexico Borderi
    X
    July 22, 2016 12:30 AM
    The Republican Party’s presidential nominee, Donald Trump, gained the support of many voters by saying he would build a wall to keep undocumented immigrants and drugs from coming across the border from Mexico. Critics have called his idea impractical and offensive to Mexico, while supporters say such a bold approach is needed to control the border. VOA’s Greg Flakus has more from the border town of Nogales, Arizona.
    Video

    Video Wall Already Runs Along Parts of US-Mexico Border

    The Republican Party’s presidential nominee, Donald Trump, gained the support of many voters by saying he would build a wall to keep undocumented immigrants and drugs from coming across the border from Mexico. Critics have called his idea impractical and offensive to Mexico, while supporters say such a bold approach is needed to control the border. VOA’s Greg Flakus has more from the border town of Nogales, Arizona.
    Video

    Video New HIV Tests Emphasize Rapid Results

    As the global fight against AIDS intensifies, activists have placed increasing importance on getting people to know their HIV status. Some companies are developing new HIV testing methods designed to be quick, easy and accurate. Thuso Khumalo looks at the latest methods, presented at the International AIDS conference in Durban, South Africa.
    Video

    Video African Youth with HIV Urge More Support

    HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is the top killer of teens in sub-Saharan Africa. But many youths say their experience with the virus is unique and needs to be addressed differently than the adult epidemic. VOA South African Correspondent Anita Powell reports.
    Video

    Video Poor Residents in Cleveland Not Feeling High Hopes of Republican Convention

    With the Republican Party's National Convention underway in Cleveland, Ohio, delegates and visitors are gathered in the host city's downtown - waiting to hear from the party's presidential candidate, Donald Trump. But a few kilometers from the convention's venue, Cleveland's poorest residents are not convinced Trump or his policies will make a difference in their lives. VOA's Ramon Taylor spoke with some of these residents as well as some of the Republican delegates and filed this report.
    Video

    Video Pop-Up Art Comes to Your Living Room, Backyard and Elsewhere

    Around the world, independent artists and musicians wrestle with a common problem: where to exhibit or perform? Traditional spaces such as museums and galleries are reserved for bigger names, and renting a space is not feasible for many. Enter ArtsUp, which connects artists with venue owners. Whether it’s a living room, restaurant, office or even a boat, pop-up events are bringing music and art to unexpected places. Tina Trinh has more.
    Video

    Video With Yosemite as Backdrop, Obama Praises National Parks

    Last month, President Barack Obama and his family visited some of the most beautiful national parks in the U.S. Using the majestic backdrop of a towering waterfall in California's Yosemite National Park, Obama praised the national park system which celebrates its 100th anniversary this year. He talked about the importance of America’s “national treasures” and the need to protect them from climate change and other threats. VOA’s Julie Taboh reports.
    Video

    Video Counter-Islamic State Coalition Plots Next Steps

    As momentum shifts against Islamic State in Iraq, discussions are taking place about the next steps for driving the terrorist group from its final strongholds. Secretary of State John Kerry is hosting a counter-IS meeting at the State Department, a day after defense ministers from more than 30 countries reviewed and agreed upon a course of action. VOA Pentagon correspondent Carla Babb reports.
    Video

    Video Russia's Participation at Brazil Olympic Games Still In Question

    The International Olympic Committee has delayed a decision on whether to ban all Russian teams from competing in next month's Olympic Games in Brazil over allegations of an elaborate doping scheme. The World Anti-Doping Agency recently released an independent report alleging widespread doping by Russian athletes at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. So far, only Russian track and field athletes have been barred from the Summer Games in Brazil. VOA's Zlatica Hoke has more.
    Video

    Video Scotland’s Booming Whisky Industry Fears Brexit Hangover

    After Britain’s vote to leave the European Union, Scotland’s government wants to break away from the United Kingdom – fearing the nation’s exports are at risk. Among the biggest of these is whisky. Henry Ridgwell reports on a time of turmoil for those involved in the ancient art of distilling Scotland’s most famous product.
    Video

    Video Millennials Could Determine Who Wins Race to White House

    With only four months to go until Americans elect a new president, one group of voters is getting a lot more attention these days: those ages 18 to 35, a generation known as millennials. It’s a demographic that some analysts say could have the power to decide the 2016 election. But a lot depends on whether they actually turn out to vote. VOA’s Alexa Lamanna reports.
    Video

    Video Number of Syrian Refugees Arriving in US Jumps

    The United States is committed to resettling 85,000 refugees from around the world by October. Of that number, 10,000 will come from Syria and already some 4,000 Syrian refugees have arrived in the United States, many of them settling in the state of Illinois. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports from Chicago, their arrival is not the end of a difficult journey to find peace and stability.
    Video

    Video Rio’s Trams Await Olympic Tourists

    Over the past century, many cities around the world replaced electric trams, prone to breakdowns and backups, with faster and more spacious buses. But for some reason restored antique trams are a huge tourist attraction. So it’s no wonder the authorities in Rio de Janeiro are busy restoring their city’s old tram line ahead of the Summer Olympic Games. VOA’ George Putic reports.

    Special Report

    Adrift The Invisible African Diaspora