News / Middle East

    Will Gaza Crisis Force Israelis, Palestinians Back to Lasting Peace Talks?

    Mohamed Elshinnawi

    As Gaza truce talks unfold in Cairo, the Obama administration again is pushing for a broader approach to the Palestinian-Israeli stalemate.

    U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry urged Israelis and Palestinians to take advantage of the Egyptian-sponsored Gaza truce and adopt a far-reaching goal that would provide security for Israel and a better life and greater freedoms for the Palestinians.
     
     "I believe that the situation now that has evolved will concentrate people's minds on the need to get back to the negotiations and try and resolve the issues of the two states," Kerry said in an interview Thursday with the BBC.
     
    Israel and the Palestinians have sent delegations to Cairo to directly negotiate the possibility of a long-term truce following a four-week war in Gaza that claimed more than 1,900 lives on both sides.

    Peacemaking plan

    Ori Nir, a spokesperson for Americans for Peace Now, said that the U.S. should lead the way toward credible peacemaking to bring the Palestinian Authority back into final-status negotiations with Israel.
     
    "Having signed a reconciliation agreement with Hamas earlier this year, the PLO is well-positioned to negotiate on behalf of all the Palestinians, to make hard decisions around the negotiating table, and to deliver when time comes to implement a peace agreement," said Nir.
     
    Nir said that while the conflict inflicted a heavy human toll, Palestinians are seeing, once again, that violence will not defeat Israel and cannot improve the quality of their lives or deliver a peace agreement.
     
    On the other hand, Nir said, "Israelis have seen, once again, that military power cannot bring about the capitulation of the Palestinian people or force them to abandon their aspirations for freedom and self-determination in a state of their own."
     
    Nir said he believes that leaders on both sides find the massive civilian death toll and extensive destruction of Gaza unsettling and feel pressure to think differently and move from the mode of conflict to one of solution.
     
    "I think the U.S. has now an opportunity to apply pressure and may be able to convince Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to accept some security arrangements that could give life to the two-state solution," Nir added.

    Cross purposes
     
    In the past, former Israeli Foreign Minister Abba Eban said the Palestinians "never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity."
     
    According to former U.S. envoy to the Middle East, Martin Indyk, the current leadership in Israel, though, also has been willing to miss the boat.
     
    "Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had already articulated a position that Israel will have to keep its defense forces and security services in the West Bank for a long time, which makes an end to the occupation questionable," he said.
     
    Indyk said that position make a two-state solution less likely.
     
    However, he said he sees a glimmer of hope if the U.S. supports the reconciliation deal between the Palestinian Authority and Hamas.
     
    "The agreement allows the PA to take control of Gaza and there would be one government, one law, and one gun that can be only with the PA, which could convince Israel to fully open Gaza passages in return for disarmament," Indyk told a panel at the Brookings Institution.

    Key hurdles

    But Khaled Elgendy, a Brookings fellow, said he doubts the U.S. would support the agreement.
     
    "Perhaps the greatest challenge lies in convincing the American and especially Israeli leaders of the need to overcome their resistance to Hamas' involvement in Palestinian politics," said Elgendy.

    "Both countries should recognize that the status quo of divided leadership has only made violent conflict more likely and more frequent, at the same time, they will need to get serious about ending the Israeli occupation once and for all," he added.
     
    Elgendy believes the U.S. has lost much of its credibility as a peace broker and needs to adopt mechanisms to prevent future conflicts.
     
    Matthew Duss, president of the Washington-based Foundation for Middle East Peace, is more skeptical about prospects of peace after the Gaza war.
     
    "There is very little that can be done with the current Israeli government that believes in continued occupation of the West Bank, as long as the Obama Administration is not willing to take up the political fight and use its leverage to adopt the terms of reference articulated in Obama's address in May 2011, as 1967 borders with agreed upon swapping of territories," he said.

     

     

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    Comment Sorting
    Comments
         
    by: jawed akhtar from: kolkata.. india
    August 13, 2014 3:19 PM
    Israel's return to pre-1967 position is a must for lasting peace in the region.

    by: RParuda from: Brazil
    August 10, 2014 11:53 AM
    As long the Palestinians'(Hamas) desire to exterminate the Jews and desmanteling of Israel superseeds their their desire for prosperity and protection of their own people, real peace is unatainable.


    by: John Prewett from: Thailand
    August 08, 2014 6:29 AM
    No, it's gonna result in Israel leveling Gaza.

    by: Gary Sears from: Thornhill, BC, Canada
    August 08, 2014 4:11 AM
    Palistinians must accept the the state of Isreal, not required as the will of god, but as the will, at minimum, of man. Isreal must accept the existence of the independant state of Palistine, regardless of the risks, and trust in god. Anything less is, at minimum, a lack of faith.

    by: Frank from: Pahrump, NV
    August 08, 2014 12:41 AM
    Israel doesn't want peace, never has and never will. Forget it. Waste of time. Israel is a joke.

    by: GoatGuy from: Berkeley, CA USA
    August 07, 2014 6:10 PM
    Only ONE thing is clear: the rhetoric of theft (from the Muslim world) and divine promise (from the Jewish world) need to cease. The problem is no deeper really than a question of sovereignty. The harms of the past are so convoluted, so many generations have been born since, that the fact on the ground cannot be more simply stated: Palestinians are not Israelis, and Israelis must separate the Palestinians from being dependents.

    Israel maintains wanting exactly three things:

    * Recognition as a country
    * Admission of right-to-exist
    * Lasting and Contractual Peace with its Neighbors.

    The Palestinians (to be fair) want:

    * All the land once ceded to them by the United Nations
    * To get rid of all Jews living in their borders
    * Recompense for damage done; reparations.

    The not-too-subtle Islamic World wants:

    * Israel to be defeated
    * Jews to be exiled
    * Palestine returned to the Ummah.

    Seems to me - once you throw out all the vitriol - that the one thing left is to admit history, and project its consequence in the future. Israel has one EVERY conflict with the surrounding Arab world. Every one. In some it has taken, and in a few cases annexed land from its neighbors. In all, it has won. Decisively.

    Further, it is the most militarily and economically independent nation in the region. It is industrially potent, and has been growing more so in the last 5 decades. Israel literally has no peer amongst the surrounding Arab / Muslim nations.

    Since therefore, ANY and ALL military challenges to Israeli sovereignty and military defense will be met with yet more resounding defeats of the aggressors, it would do well to give the "little things" that Israel wants. Admission that it is a valid nation. Acceptance of its RIGHT to exist. Doctrine and Treaty that contractually binds the signatories to Peace, both now, and in the future.

    This will work, and all sides can then move on. The past is the past, the harms are complex and deep. Let's get on with a separate and sovereign Palestine. It'll work.

    GoatGuy

    by: John from: Texas
    August 07, 2014 5:59 PM
    "following a four-week war in Gaza that claimed more than 1,900 lives on both sides"....

    More than 1,900 lives on "both sides" is not that way to describe it when 98% of the lives lost was all on one side....terrible reporting.

    by: Joe Jones from: México
    August 07, 2014 5:42 PM
    Why doesn't the US simply stop giving Israel the money to do what they're doing? That would end Zionist aggression in its tracks.

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