News / Asia

    Comfort Women Issue Strains S. Korea-Japan Relations

    People watch South Korean President Park Geun-hye's speech on small screens fitted in their seats during a ceremony celebrating the 96th anniversary of the Independence Movement Day in Seoul, March 1, 2015.
    People watch South Korean President Park Geun-hye's speech on small screens fitted in their seats during a ceremony celebrating the 96th anniversary of the Independence Movement Day in Seoul, March 1, 2015.
    Brian Padden

    South Korean President Park Geun-hye has repeated her demand for Japan to make amends for atrocities committed during World War II, including forcing more than 200,000 women in Asia to work as sex slaves for Japanese soldiers. Rising nationalism in Asia has given new life to this 70-year-old grievance and is complicating relations between Tokyo and its neighbors.
     
    Apology, human trafficking

    During a speech given on Korea’s Independence Movement Day, a day that commemorates the beginning of resistance to Japanese colonial rule 96 years ago, Park said she hopes Japan acknowledges the historical truth, courageously and honestly and writes a new history with South Korea for next 50 years as a partner.
     
    This year marks the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II but in the eyes of South Korea and China and some other Asian countries, Japan has still not demonstrated sincere remorse for one of the world’s biggest cases of human trafficking. From 1932 to 1945, the Japanese Imperial Army enslaved thousands of women and girls from across Asia, some as young as 12 years old, to become comfort women or prostitutes for soldiers.
     
    In South Korea there are only a few elderly comfort women still alive but the issue has become even more contentious since Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe adopted a less apologetic tone toward Japan’s wartime past.

    Nationalism, pride

    Anger at Japan over this issue is so pervasive in South Korea, Lee Won-deok, a professor of international studies at Kookmin University said it has a become a unifying nationalist concern.
     
    He said public opinion of South Korea highly supports that the historical issue must be solved and that relations between South Korea and Japan can improve.
     
    The strained relations between the two countries have manifested in minor ways so far. President Park has refused to meet with Prime Minister Abe until this matter is resolved and there are competing territorial claim to a set of islands.
     
    Abe has downplayed past abuses to build up Japanese pride and political support for a stronger defense posture. Some of his conservative allies have suggested that not all the women were forced into prostitution.
     
    Shihoko Goto a Northeast Asia analyst at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C. said this issue will be difficult to resolve in the current context in a way that will satisfy nationalists in both countries.
     
    But she said South Korea could find common ground if the leaders make it less of an issue about past grievances and more about global cooperation to end forced prostitution practices around the world.
     
    “Human trafficking is very much a reality to this day. Sexual slavery is not something in the past," she noted. " If they really want to take ownership of this, they can do that. And then there is potential for the two countries to actually come together.”
     
    Abe is expected to uphold past apologies for Japan’s wartime aggression when he makes a statement on the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. But he also drew criticism recently when he suggested he might alter the original wording of the landmark 1995 remarks by then-premier Tomiichi Murayama.
     
    VOA News Producer Youmi Kim contributed to this report.

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    Comments
         
    by: tosh from: indonesia
    March 20, 2015 1:12 AM
    Prostitutes in South Korea for the U.S. military
    Please read the following.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostitutes_in_South_Korea_for_the_U.S._military
    Park Chung-hee, who ruled South Korea during the 1960s and 1970s, and the father of incumbent president Park Geun-hye, encouraged the sex trade in order to generate revenue.
    During the 1960s, camp town prostitution and related businesses generated nearly 25 percent of the South Korean GNP.
    According to United States Forces Korea's policy, "Hiring prostitutes is incompatible with our military core values", but in South Korea, most women who used to live around U.S. Army camps were prostitutes.
    Some women chose to become prostitutes.Other women were coerced into prostitution. Prostitutes for U.S. soldiers were esteemed to be at the bottom of the social hierarchy by South Koreans, they were also lowest status within the hierarchy of prostitution.
    (photo)North Korean nurses captured by South Korean and US soldiers. Captured North Korean women were sometimes raped and forced to work as sex slaves.

    by: tosh from: indonesia
    March 19, 2015 4:50 AM
    There is the truth hidden intentionally.
    Please check the sex slavery through the Korean War.

    The Korean President gave prostitutes for the U. S. forces.
    It was a national policy to get the U.S. dollars by prostitution.
    Women were called the comfort women.
    This terrible national policy that used women continued in Korea until 1990s.
    The total number of women who works near U.S. military camps amounted to over one million.
    In the U.S. this history is hidden intentionally.
    What do you think about this?

    by: Wurstche from: Germany
    March 07, 2015 6:25 AM
    Like you say above forgive not forget.
    But Japan seems to rush to forget about their wartime wrongdoings.

    Time to forgive when there are sincere signs of repentance and no will to forget.

    Just like Germany. And the rest of Europe has no problems with Germans no more.

    Japan could learn from them.

    by: wuchinling from: Canada
    March 03, 2015 1:08 AM
    Last June 122 surviving Korean comfort women for the U.S. forces filed a lawsuit against their own government demanding state compensation for forced prostitution. Why not the South Korea government try to treat these women well to setup a example for the Japanese?

    by: v.sealy from: North Carolina
    March 02, 2015 1:06 PM
    World leaders need to consider carefully what issues they give prominence in their agenda. There is no shortage of injustices to pursue,however slavery has occurred at so many levels of life's journey that taking hard line at reconciliation will defeat an amicable outcome, so acknowledgement and forgiveness seems to be the best process forward not compensation and intractable positions, history cannot be reversed just not repeated. Take for example, African slavery, in the USA the white slave masters forcefully slept with the women in the presence of children and fathers to degrade them and enforce feelings of helplessness on the male slaves. How does a Government compensate for such wickedness and injustice. There is a time to forgive if not forget.

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