Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh begins a two-day visit to Afghanistan on Sunday, the first by an Indian premier in nearly three decades.
Besides holding talks with Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Foreign Minister Abdullah, Mr. Singh is scheduled to take part in a groundbreaking ceremony for a new Afghan parliament building being built with Indian help.
India is also involved in training Afghan armed forces and police, building roads, schools, hospitals, power lines, digging wells and supporting trade and services.
Wednesday, the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding under which India will upgrade all radio and television stations in Afghanistan.
Although India and Afghanistan share close historic and cultural links, the turmoil in the central Asian nation had not allowed an Indian prime minister to visit Kabul since a trip in 1976 by Indira Gandhi.
Some information for this report provided by Reuters.