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Bob Dylan Wins Nobel Literature Prize


FILE - In this Jan. 12, 2012 file photo, Bob Dylan performs in Los Angeles.

Legendary American musician Bob Dylan has won the 2016 Nobel prize in literature, the first songwriter to receive the prestigious award.

The Swedish Academy, which makes the annual decision on who will win the Nobel Literature Prize, said Dylan was honored "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition."

Throngs of people who had gathered for the announcement in Stockholm, Sweden's Old Town reacted with a loud cheer when Dylan's name was read.

He had been mentioned as a possible Nobel prize winner in past years but was not seen as a serious contender.

U.S. President Barack Obama also tweeted congratulations describing Dylan as "one of my favorite poets".

Why he was chosen

Sara Danius, Permanent Secretary at the Swedish Academy said Dylan "is a great poet in the English-speaking tradition".

"His repertoire stretches from folk songs in the Appalachians, delta blues in the south, all the way to Rimbaud, of French modernism. And he handles this heritage in this absolutely original way. No one has ever done anything like him," she added.

Notable American victory

He had been mentioned as a possible Nobel prize winner in past years but was not seen as a serious contender.

Dylan is the first American to win the Nobel literature prize since Toni Morrison received the award in 1993.

The 75 year old singer and songwriter, born Robert Allen Zimmerman, launched his music career in 1959 by performing in coffee houses in the midwestern state of Minnesota.

WATCH: Bob Dylan performs one of his greatest hits: "Blowin' In The Wind"

Bob Dylan Performs Blowin In The Wind
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Self-taught musician

Dylan was born in Duluth, Minnesota on May 24, 1941 and raised in a Jewish middle-class family. He taught himself to play the guitar, harmonica and piano.

Dylan's best known works are from the 1960's, when songs like 'Blowin in the Wind' became anthems for the anti-Vietnam war and civil rights movements. He also won the Pulitzer Prize in 2008 for his contributions to music and American culture.

Bob Dylan’s Nobel Prize in Literature Surprises Even Fans
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His 1965 classic "Like a Rolling Stone" was named the greatest song of all time by Rolling Stone magazine. "No other pop song has so thoroughly challenged and transformed the commercial laws and artistic conventions of its time, for all time," the magazine said.

Dylan will receive $906,000 in prize money for the literature award. There are a total six Nobel laureates, each of whom will receive a gold medal and a diploma at a formal ceremony in Stockholm on December 10.

In Photos: Legendary Musician Bob Dylan

Nobel Prize winners in major categories