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In Brazil, a Refuge From Hate


Fernanda, 20, Rodrigo, 26, and Teflon, 19, who are among members of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, that have been invited to live in a building that the roofless movement has occupied, stand at an entrance of the building, in downtown Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nov. 6, 2016.

A multicolored gay pride flag hangs in a corner of a bare room in an abandoned Sao Paulo art deco building that was once the headquarters of Brazil’s social security agency.

The room is home to several members of Brazil’s lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community seeking refuge from discrimination and hate crimes against LGBT people.

They were invited to join about 300 squatters who have been living in the building for several months in an occupation organized by Front in the Fight for Housing, an activist group promoting rights of about 400,000 people without decent housing in Sao Paulo.

Joining the occupation

“The occupation is a space where we can feel safe,” Rodrigo, a tall shaven-headed gay man says as he strokes his black beard. “In the LGBT movement, we just want to live our lives and that means not having to be afraid of who is behind you.”

Rodrigo (left), 26, and Wam, 24, who are among members of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, that have been invited to live in a building that the roofless movement has occupied, shake blankets, in downtown Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nov. 8, 2016.
Rodrigo (left), 26, and Wam, 24, who are among members of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, that have been invited to live in a building that the roofless movement has occupied, shake blankets, in downtown Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nov. 8, 2016.

Brazil has one of the world’s highest rates of LGBT hate crimes, despite a reputation for sexual tolerance. The country recognized same-sex marriage in 2013 and hosts some of the world’s largest gay pride festivals.

Human rights groups including Amnesty International say homophobic violence is endemic in Brazil, where there were 326 murders in the community in 2014.

Some Evangelical pastors, who are becoming increasingly popular in Brazil, have adopted overtly homophobic rhetoric. Luciana Jesus Silva, a bisexual woman and organizer of the occupation, asked the FLM to offer space to LGBT people after she learned that one of her gay friends had been hospitalized after a hate attack only to have his mother throw him out of the house, saying he was the work of the devil.

“We who are the most marginalized and repressed by society have to stand together,” said Silva, 45, a mother of four.

More than two dozen LGBT people have joined the occupation, though many more come. The occupation of several buildings in central Sao Paulo has lasted several months because of a Brazilian law that makes it hard to evict squatters. The Front in the Fight for Housing offers families an escape from violence-plagued slums that ring the metropolis.

Acts of defiance

Rodrigo lounges on a mattress with Wam, 24, and Teflon, 19, whose colorful turban and brightly patterned clothing strike a contrast with the drab abandoned apartment.

They stage an impromptu fashion display. He strikes a pose, with his arms languidly outstretched like the wings of a crane, his legs crossed. Makeup and clothes are an act of defiance for some LGBT people.

Rodrigo (right), 26, Wam (center), 24, and Teflon, 19, members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community who have been invited to live in a building, relax in downtown Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nov. 8, 2016.
Rodrigo (right), 26, Wam (center), 24, and Teflon, 19, members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community who have been invited to live in a building, relax in downtown Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nov. 8, 2016.

Jorge, 31, teaches drawing to the children in a vacant apartment. Gaby, 18, cooks dinner in a large communal pot from which residents are served. With scant furniture in the building, some eat standing up or sitting on the floor.

In the evening, Rodrigo and his friends head to Arouche square in downtown Sao Paulo, a gathering point for the LGBT community.

Gaby does her makeup in the dimly lit room before going out. Rodrigo, Teflon and Fernando don high heels and flowing robes, their appearance turning heads on the graffiti-marred streets. The small square, marked by a lamppost adorned with a gay-pride flag, is a place to make friends, share experiences and discuss gay rights.

Gaby (left), 18, Vitor (center), 21, and Pamela, who are among members of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, dance during an event of Arouchianos collective project at Arouche Square in downtown Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nov. 6, 2016.
Gaby (left), 18, Vitor (center), 21, and Pamela, who are among members of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, dance during an event of Arouchianos collective project at Arouche Square in downtown Sao Paulo, Brazil, Nov. 6, 2016.

“It’s not my fault that I live in a society with an empty heart and mind,” laments Fernanda, a 20-year-old black transgender woman.

She says her appearance makes finding a job almost impossible.

“It’s harder being trans than being gay because if you’re gay you still have a masculine appearance,” she says. “My appearance is my own creation.”

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