A British journalist and an Indigenous affairs expert are missing in a remote part of Brazil's Amazon region, a local Indigenous association said Monday. The area has been marked by violent conflicts among fishermen, poachers and government agents.
Dom Phillips, who has been a regular contributor to The Guardian newspaper, and Bruno Araújo Pereira, were last seen at 7 a.m. Sunday in the Sao Rafael community, according to the Univaja association of Indigenous people in the Vale do Javari, for which Pereira has been an adviser.
They were returning by boat from the Vale do Javari and bound for the city of Atalaia do Norte, about an hour away, but never showed up.
Pereira is currently on leave from his post with Brazil's Indigenous affairs agency and is one of its most experienced employees operating within the Vale do Javari area. He oversaw the agency's regional office and the coordination of isolated Indigenous groups before taking leave. He has received a steady stream of threats from illegal fishermen and poachers, and usually carries a gun.
Univaja said the two had been threatened during their current reporting trip.
They disappeared while returning from a two-day trip to the Jaburu Lake region, where Phillips interviewed local Indigenous people, according to Univaja. Only the two were on the boat, according to the association.
Phillips is writing a book about preservation of the Amazon with support from the Alicia Patterson Foundation, which awarded him a yearlong fellowship for environmental reporting that ran through January.
The place where they disappeared is the primary access route to and from the Vale do Javari, where several thousand Indigenous people live in dozens of villages. People in the area say that it is highly unlikely they would have gotten lost in that sector.
"He is a cautious journalist, with impressive knowledge of the complexities of the Brazilian environmental crisis," Margaret Engel, the Alicia Patterson Foundation's executive director, wrote in an email. "And he is a beautiful writer and a lovely person. The best of our business."
Brazil's federal public prosecutors said in a statement they have opened an investigation and mobilized the Federal Police, Amazonas state's civil police, the national guard and navy. The latter will coordinate search efforts, according to the statement. In a statement, the navy said it was dispatching a search and rescue team.
The army's footprint and manpower are far greater than the navy's in the region. It didn't respond to an Associated Press email seeking comment about progress as of Monday afternoon.
The Guardian quoted a spokesperson as saying it "is very concerned and is urgently seeking information about Mr. Phillips' whereabouts and condition. We are in contact with the British embassy in Brazil and local and national authorities to try to establish the facts as soon as possible."
Phillips, who currently resides in Salvador, Bahia, also has contributed to The Washington Post and New York Times.
"I hope they are found soon, that they are fine and safe," former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva posted on Twitter, while recalling Phillips interviewing him in 2017.
The Vale do Javari region has experienced repeated shootouts among hunters, fishermen and official security agents, who have a permanent base in the area, known for having the world's largest population of uncontacted Indigenous people. It is also a major route for cocaine produced on the Peruvian side of the border, then smuggled into Brazil to supply local cities or to be shipped to Europe.
In September 2019, an employee of the Indigenous affairs agency was shot dead in Tabatinga, the largest city in the region. The crime was never solved.
"It is extremely important that Brazilian authorities dedicate all available and necessary resources to the immediate realization of searches, in order to guarantee, as soon as possible, the safety of the two men," Maria Laura Canineau, the director of Human Rights Watch in Brazil, said in a statement on Monday.
Journalists working for regional media outlets in the Amazon have been murdered in recent years, though there have been no such cases among journalists from national media or foreign media.
However, there have been several reports of threats, and the press has limited access to several areas dominated by criminal activity including illegal mining, land grabbing and drug trafficking.