The U.S. House approved a "red-flag" bill Thursday that would allow families, police and others to ask federal courts to order the removal of firearms from people at extreme risk of harming themselves or others.
It's the Democratic-controlled chamber's latest response to U.S. mass shootings and likely stands little chance of passage in the Senate.
Nineteen states and the District of Columbia currently have such "red-flag" laws. Under the House bill, a judge could issue an order to temporarily remove and store the firearms until a hearing can be held, up to two weeks later, to determine whether the firearms should be returned or kept for a specific period. The bill passed on a mostly party-line vote of 224-202.
"We are painfully aware that we cannot do enough to save every life, and there is no one answer that will solve this problem," said Representative Jerrold Nadler, the Democratic chairman of the House Judiciary Committee. "But we do know that taking guns out of the hands of people who pose a danger to themselves, or others, would save countless lives."
The vote came after an emotional week that saw congressional testimony from victims of recent mass shootings in Uvalde, Texas, and Buffalo, New York, and came ahead of a planned march Saturday in Washington by groups advocating stronger gun controls.
On Wednesday the House passed a wide-ranging gun control bill that would raise the age limit for purchasing a semiautomatic rifle and prohibit the sale of ammunition magazines with a capacity of more than 15 rounds. It too, has virtually no chance in the Senate.
House Republicans criticized the "red-flag" bill as giving the federal government the ability to take a law-abiding person's guns without that person having the ability to contest it beforehand.
"It would allow the courts to take guns away from people without notice and without even the right to appear in the hearing to defend themselves in court," said Representative Mike Johnson, a Louisiana Republican.
The Congressional Budget Office projects that the bill would lead to roughly 10,000 emergency petitions being filed annually with the courts.
The bill would also create a grant program at the U.S. Department of Justice to encourage states to adopt "red-flag" laws and support the 19 states that have implemented them.
Five Republican lawmakers voted for the bill: Representatives Brian Fitzpatrick of Pennsylvania, Anthony Gonzalez of Ohio, Chris Jacobs of New York, Adam Kinzinger of Illinois and Fred Upton of Michigan. Only Fitzpatrick is seeking reelection. Representative Jared Golden of Maine was the only Democrat to vote no.
The lead sponsors of the bill were Democratic Representatives Salud Carbajal of California and Lucy McBath of Georgia, whose son, Jordan Davis, was killed at a Jacksonville, Florida, gas station in 2012 by a white man angry over the loud music the Black teenager and his friends had been playing in their car.
President Joe Biden strongly supports the bill. However, the legislation is unlikely to advance in the Senate, where at least 10 Republican senators would be needed.
Instead, senators are focusing on incremental policy changes through a system that would send funds and other incentives to states to bolster security at school campuses, provide more mental health services to young people and possibly encourage states to pursue red-flag laws of their own.
Senator John Cornyn of Texas, who is leading negotiations on the Republican side, said one focus is on enhancing the background check system known as NICS, to include young buyers' criminal records before they turned 18.
He voiced optimism that senators will be able to reach an agreement.