Iran's supreme leader officially endorsed his hard-line protege as the nation's next president on Tuesday, just two days ahead of the inauguration of Ebrahim Raisi at a sensitive time for Iran and the wider Middle East.
The country is reeling from crushing U.S. sanctions that have devastated the economy, led to the crash of the Iranian riyal and hit ordinary Iranians hard. Exacerbating Iran's despair, the coronavirus has spiraled out of control, with authorities reporting a record of 39,000 new cases on Tuesday — almost 2,000 more than the previous day.
In his speech, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei advised Raisi, a former judiciary chief, to "empower the country's poor people and improve the national currency."
Doubts about an imminent return to Tehran's tattered 2015 nuclear deal, which granted Iran sanctions relief in exchange for limits on its nuclear program, have become a dark cloud dangling over the incoming hard-line administration.
The collapse of the nuclear agreement after former President Donald Trump withdrew the U.S. from the accord three years ago doomed the relatively moderate administration of outgoing President Hassan Rouhani, who has seen his popularity plummet. Rouhani sat stone-faced throughout the endorsement ceremony.
Last week, Khamenei delivered a harsh rebuke of the West, blaming the delay of the deal's revival on America's "stubborn" negotiating stance. While repeating his usual anti-West rhetoric on Tuesday about Iran's "enemies" seeking to sway public opinion, Khamenei struck a milder tone during the endorsement ceremony.
He focused on Iran's mounting domestic issues, praising Raisi's anti-corruption campaign and asking him to encourage local production.
"The nation needs competent, effective and brave management," Khamenei said.
Iran, now struggling to stem the spread of the highly contagious delta variant, has recorded a total of more than 3.9 million virus cases and 91,785 fatalities — the highest death toll in the region.
Without commenting specifically on the stalled nuclear negotiations in Vienna, Raisi stressed in his speech that he would "pursue the removal of oppressive sanctions" in order to salvage the crippled economy.
"We will not (tie) the people's dining tables and the economy to the will of the foreigners," he said. Raisi won a landslide victory in the June election, which saw the lowest turnout in the Islamic Republic's history. He will take the oath of office in an inauguration ceremony Thursday before parliament.
President Joe Biden has pledged to rejoin the landmark nuclear accord and lift sanctions if Iran moves back into compliance with the agreement.
But escalating tensions in the Middle East now risk complicating the diplomatic choreography. The West has blamed Iran for a drone attack off the coast of Oman last week that struck an oil tanker linked to an Israeli billionaire, killing two crew members. Iran has denied involvement in the incident, which marks the first-known fatal assault after a yearslong shadow war targeting commercial shipping in the region.