Palestinians urged Egypt and Jordan on Wednesday to reconsider their attendance at a U.S.-led conference on June 25-26 in Bahrain, voicing concern it would weaken any Arab opposition to Washington’s coming peace plan.
The United States has billed the gathering as a workshop to boost the Palestinian economy as part of a broader diplomatic effort widely referred to as President Donald Trump’s “deal of the century” to address the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Palestinian leaders, who are boycotting the meeting, say the still unpublished plan falls short of their goal of statehood. They primarily blame a halt in U.S. aid and Israeli restrictions for an economic crisis in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip.
The participation of Egypt and Jordan at the Bahrain meeting is considered particularly important because they have historically been key players in Middle East peace efforts and are the only Arab states that have peace treaties with Israel.
Israeli and U.S. officials say Israel has yet to be formally invited, given discussions between Washington and Bahrain over what might be an appropriate makeup of an Israeli delegation.
“The Palestinian Authority urges Egypt and Jordan not to attend the Bahrain conference,” Ibrahim Melhem, a spokesman for the Palestinian government said on Facebook after U.S. officials announced the two nations, along with Morocco, would attend.
Melhem urged “all brotherly and friendly countries to withdraw”, adding that participation “would carry wrong messages about the unity of the Arab position” on rejecting Trump’s plan.
While the precise outlines of the draft plan have yet to be revealed, Palestinian and Arab sources who have been briefed about it say it has jettisoned the two-state solution. The plan faces possible delays due to political upheaval in Israel, where Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu must fight another election after failing to form a government.
U.S. officials have said they are inviting economic and finance ministers, as well as business leaders from the region and around the world to Bahrain to discuss investment in the Palestinian territories.
Addressing a conference in Geneva on Wednesday, Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammed Shtayyeh said Israeli control of West Bank land had turned Palestinian farmers into “mere vassal workers” and blocked development.
Only a political agreement, he said, could resolve what he termed a financial and an unemployment crisis.
Israel cites security concerns for restrictions it imposes in the West Bank, where it has expanded Jewish settlements - viewed by the United Nations and many countries as illegal - and along the border with Gaza, an enclave ruled by Hamas Islamists.
Washington ceased its aid to the Palestinians early this year, dealing President Mahmoud Abbas another blow after recognizing contested Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in late 2017 and moving the U.S. embassy to the holy city from Tel Aviv.
Tareq Baconi, an analyst with the International Crisis Group who is based in Jerusalem, said both Egypt and Jordan had faced heavy U.S. pressure to go to Bahrain.
“This is a significant disappointment for the Palestinians because it is a breaking of the ranks in the Arab region. Their call to boycott has not been heeded,” Baconi told Reuters.
After Israel, Egypt is the largest beneficiary of U.S. military aid, and received $1.3 billion in 2018. Pro-Western Jordan was allocated $443 million in U.S. military assistance last year. Both countries border Palestinian areas and Israel.
Jordanian officials say economic offers to the Palestinians cannot replace a solution securing them statehood and an end to Israeli occupation. Egypt has said it will not accept any diplomatic deal rejected by the Palestinians.
Israel sees other reasons for the Arab powers to attend.
“There is an added message here, the desire of Arab countries for normalization with the State of Israel,” Eli Cohen, a member of Netanyahu’s security cabinet, told Israel’s Army Radio, citing interests in developing technological and agricultural ties and shared worry about Iran’s regional clout.
Global financial bodies including the International Monetary Fund and World Bank are expected to attend the Bahrain meeting. Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates have also confirmed their attendance, a White House official said.
Lebanese Foreign Minister Gebran Bassil said on Tuesday his country would not attend because “the Palestinians will not participate, and we prefer to have a clear idea of the proposed peace plan, as we have not been consulted or informed about it”.