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Migrant Caravan Moving to Western Mexico City of Guadalajara


Migrant Darwin Leonel Carcamo is carried by a fellow migrant, part of the caravan hoping to reach the U.S. border, after he fell off a truck and broke his leg, on the road that connects Irapuato with Guadalajara, Mexico, Nov.12, 2018.

Several thousand Central American migrants marked a month on the road Monday as they hitched rides to the western Mexico city of Guadalajara and toward the U.S. border.

Most appear intent on taking the Pacific coast route northward to the border city of Tijuana, which is still about 1,550 miles (2,500 kilometers) away. The migrants have come about 1,200 miles (1,900 kilometers) since they started out in Honduras around Oct. 13.

While they previously suffered from the heat on their journey through Honduras, Guatemala and southern Mexico, they now trek along highways wrapped in blankets to fend off the morning chill.

Karen Martinez of Copan, Honduras, and her three children bundled up with jackets, scarves and a blanket.

“Sometimes we go along laughing, sometimes crying, but we keep on going,” she said.

A couple of Central American migrant girls, part of the caravan hoping to reach the U.S. border, get a ride in a chicken truck, in Irapuato, Mexico, Nov. 12, 2018.
A couple of Central American migrant girls, part of the caravan hoping to reach the U.S. border, get a ride in a chicken truck, in Irapuato, Mexico, Nov. 12, 2018.

By late afternoon, the first migrants arrived on the outskirts of Guadalajara, and buses took them to an auditorium where they would sleep for the night.

While the caravan previously averaged only about 30 miles (50 kilometers) a day, the migrants are now covering daily distances of 185 miles (300 kilometers) or more, partly because they are relying on hitchhiking rather than walking.

On Monday morning, migrants gathered on a highway leading out of the central city of Irapuato looking for rides to Guadalajara about 150 miles (242 kilometers) away.

“Now the route is less complicated,” Martinez said.

Indeed, migrants have hopped aboard so many different kinds of trucks that they are no longer surprised by anything. Some have stacked themselves four levels high on a truck intended for pigs. On Monday, a few boarded a truck carrying a shipment of coffins, while yet others squeezed into a truck with narrow cages used for transporting chickens.

A Central American migrant, part of the caravan hoping to reach the U.S. border, arrives at the Benito Juarez Auditorium that is being as a migrant shelter, in Guadalajara, Mexico, Nov. 12, 2018.
A Central American migrant, part of the caravan hoping to reach the U.S. border, arrives at the Benito Juarez Auditorium that is being as a migrant shelter, in Guadalajara, Mexico, Nov. 12, 2018.

Many, especially men, travel on open platform trailers used to transport steel and cars, or get in the freight containers of 18-wheelers and ride with one of the back doors open to provide air flow.

The practice is not without dangers. Earlier, a Honduran man in the caravan died when he fell from a platform truck in the Mexican state of Chiapas.

Jose Alejandro Caray, 17, of Yoro, Honduras, fell a week ago and injured his knee.

“I can’t bend it,” Caray said as he watched other migrants swarm aboard tractor-trailers.

“Now I’m afraid to get on,” he said. “I prefer to wait for a pickup truck.”

After several groups got lost after clambering on semi-trailers, caravan coordinators began encouraging migrants to ask drivers first or have someone ride in the cab so they could tell the driver where to turn off.

Over the weekend, the central state of Queretaro reported 6,531 migrants moving through the state. Another group was farther behind and expected to arrive in Mexico City on Monday.

The caravan became a campaign issue in U.S. midterm elections and U.S. President Donald Trump has ordered the deployment of over 5,000 military troops to the border to fend off the migrants. Trump has insinuated without proof that there are criminals or even terrorists in the group.

Many say they are fleeing rampant poverty, gang violence and political instability primarily in the Central American countries of Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua.

Central American migrants, part of the caravan hoping to reach the U.S. border, get a ride on a truck carrying rolls of steel rebar, in Irapuato, Mexico, Nov. 12, 2018.
Central American migrants, part of the caravan hoping to reach the U.S. border, get a ride on a truck carrying rolls of steel rebar, in Irapuato, Mexico, Nov. 12, 2018.

Mexico has offered refuge, asylum or work visas, and its government said 2,697 temporary visas had been issued to individuals and families to cover them during the 45-day application process for more permanent status.

But most migrants vow to continue to the United States.

Jose Tulio Rodriguez, 30, of Siguatepeque, Honduras, celebrated his 30th birthday at a migrant shelter in Mexico City last week before setting out with the rest of the caravan.

“The distance between cities is longer” than it was at the start, Rodriguez noted, “but thanks to the people of Mexico, we haven’t suffered.''

Those distances will get longer the farther they travel into northern Mexico, where towns of any size are often 250 miles (400 kilometers) apart.

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