News / USA

Amid Drought, Midwest Farmers Embrace Changes to Farm Bill

Amid Drought, Midwest Farmers Embrace Changes to Farm Billi
|| 0:00:00
X
Kane Farabaugh
July 20, 2012
Legislation commonly known as the U.S. Farm Bill expires at the end of September. The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act, its formal name, comes up for renewal every five years. It directs the U.S. government's food and agricultural policy. As VOA’s Kane Farabaugh reports from the Midwest state of Illinois, changes to the Farm Bill this year come at a time when producers may need it most.
TEXT SIZE - +
Kane Farabaugh
BLOOMINGTON, Illinois — Legislation commonly known as the U.S. Farm Bill expires at the end of September. The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act, its formal name, comes up for renewal every five years. It directs the U.S. government's food and agricultural policy. Changes to the bill this year come at a time when producers may need it most.

Drought conditions aren’t new to Matt Hughes. The Illinois farmer said "surviving to the next year is very important.”

Hughes has always had help from the government, in the form of direct payments through the Farm Bill.

“When we have a bad weather event or a downturn in the market that we didn’t foresee, kind of that little safety net to get us through to next year to regroup and do a better job,” he said.

But proposed changes to the bill, up for renewal in September, would end direct payments to farmers, something Hughes does not object to.

“Most of us would like to see changes in the Farm Bill,” he said.

What Hughes and most farmers would also like to see is government-subsidized crop insurance that offers protection in times of natural disasters.

U.S. Representative Tim Johnson of Illinois is on the House Agriculture Committee and is working to bring Farm Bill legislation to a vote. He says "crop insurance is the name of the game.”

“I think they want to make sure that we maintain the safety net, and I do too.  It’s critical that we do that," he added. "Times are good now, the drought notwithstanding, but costs continue to rise, input costs continue to rise, and I think that safety net is the biggest concern they have.”

But critics of the proposed changes to the bill say the cost to taxpayers for crop insurance is too high.

There are also concerns that crop insurance affects both real estate and commodity prices, said Terry Roggensack, a grain specialist at the Hightower Report.

“There’s a lot of talk that they have caused land values to stay high because even in a year like this where a big producer, even if he has income-type crop insurance, they can withstand a year like this and it holds that crop value up because prices push up high enough," said Roggensack. "You’re going to still have those issues there.”

The Senate passed Farm Bill legislation earlier this year. It ends direct payments and subsidizes crop insurance, saving taxpayers about $23 billion. But it doesn’t match legislation in the House of Representatives, and lawmakers need to reach a compromise before President Obama can sign the bill into law.

“It’s got to come to a head sooner or later because we’ve got a deadline at the end of September, and we’ve either got to kick the can [postpone] another few months, which I oppose, or we’ve got to pass the Farm Bill,” said Johnson.

A Farm Bill that is now as important as ever to producers, who face the worst drought conditions in a generation.

You May Like

Multimedia Relatives of South Korean Ferry Victims Fire at Authorities

36 people are confirmed dead, but some 270 remain trapped on board More

War Legacy Haunts Vietnam, US Relations

$84 million project aims to clean up soil contaminated by Agent Orange More

Wikipedia Proves Useful for Tracking Flu

Technique gave better results than Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Google’s Flu Trends More

Featured Videos

Your JavaScript is turned off or you have an old version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player.
Ukraine, Russia, United in Faith, Divided in Politicsi
X
Michael Eckels
April 19, 2014
There is a strong historical religious connection between Russia and Ukraine. But what role is religion playing in the current conflict? In the run-up to Easter, Michael Eckels in Moscow reports for VOA.
Video

Video Ukraine, Russia, United in Faith, Divided in Politics

There is a strong historical religious connection between Russia and Ukraine. But what role is religion playing in the current conflict? In the run-up to Easter, Michael Eckels in Moscow reports for VOA.
Video

Video Face of American Farmer is Changing

The average American farmer is now 58 years old, and farmers 65 and older are the fastest growing segment of the population. It’s a troubling trend signaling big changes ahead for American agriculture as aging farmers retire. Reporter Mike Osborne says a new report from the U.S. Census Bureau is suggesting what some of those changes might look like... and why they might not be so troubling.
Video

Video Donetsk Governor: Ukraine Military Assault 'Delicate But Necessary'

Around a dozen state buildings in eastern Ukraine remain in the hands of pro-Russian protesters who are demanding a referendum on self-rule. The governor of the whole Donetsk region is among those forced out by the protesters. He spoke to VOA's Henry Ridgwell from his temporary new office in Donetsk city.
Video

Video Drones May Soon Send Data From High Seas

Drones are usually associated with unmanned flying vehicles, but autonomous watercraft are also becoming useful tools for jobs ranging from scientific exploration to law enforcement to searching for a missing airliner in the Indian Ocean. VOA’s George Putic reports on sea-faring drones.
Video

Video New Earth-Size Planet Found

Not too big, not too small. Not too hot, not too cold. A newly discovered planet looks just right for life as we know it, according to an international group of astronomers. VOA’s Steve Baragona has more.
Video

Video Copts in Diaspora Worry About Future in Egypt

Around 10 percent of Egypt’s population belong to the Coptic faith, making them the largest Christian minority in the Middle East. But they have become targets of violence since the revolution three years ago. With elections scheduled for May and the struggle between the Egyptian military and Islamists continuing, many Copts abroad are deeply worried about the future of their ancient church. VOA religion correspondent Jerome Socolovsky visited a Coptic church outside Washington DC.
Video

Video Critics Say Venezuelan Protests Test Limits of Military's Support

During the two months of deadly anti-government protests that have rocked the oil-rich nation of Venezuela, President Nicolas Maduro has accused the opposition of trying to initiate a coup. Though a small number of military officers have been arrested for allegedly plotting against the government, VOA’s Brian Padden reports the leadership of the armed forces continues to support the president, at least for now.
Video

Video More Millenials Unplug to Embrace Board Games

A big new trend in the U.S. toy industry has more consumers switching off their high-tech gadgets to play with classic toys, like board games. This is especially true among the so-called millenial generation - those born in the 1980's and 90's. Elizabeth Lee has more from an unusual café in Los Angeles, where the new trend is popular and business is booming.
Video

Video Google Buys Drone Company

In its latest purchase of high-tech companies, Google has acquired a manufacturer of solar-powered drones that can stay in the air almost indefinitely, relaying broadband Internet connection to remote areas. It is seen as yet another step in the U.S. based Web giant’s bid to bring Internet to the whole world. VOA’s George Putic reports.
AppleAndroid