President Obama's announcement on the July start of U.S. troop withdrawal from Afghanistan comes nearly a decade after the U.S.-led military operation began.
October 7, 2001 -- Three weeks after the September 11 terror attacks on the United States, President George W. Bush announces Operation Enduring Freedom, with U.S. military strikes against al- Qaida terrorist camps and Taliban bases in Afghanistan. In an
November 13, 2001 -- Northern Alliance and U.S. forces enter the Afghan capital, Kabul, forcing the Taliban to retreat and flee south toward Kandahar province.
December 5, 2001 -- The United Nations sponsors a conference in Germany with major Afghan factions. They sign an accord that lays out a road map for political development in post-war Afghanistan. The Bonn Agreement installs Hamid Karzai as Afghan interim
December 13, 2001 -- In eastern Afghanistan, the United States intensifies its bombing campaign in pursuit of al-Qaida fighters hiding in the hills of Tora Bora.