Russian officials say at least five more people have died from a wave of extremely cold weather gripping the nation, bringing the death toll to 43 in the past week.
Emergency medical officials say the five victims died in Moscow from exposure, and another 19 people are hospitalized with hypothermia.
Russia's Itar-Tass news agency quotes a medical official as saying some of the victims were intoxicated or homeless.
The unusually cold weather is affecting Russia, the Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, and is moving into the Nordic countries.
The death toll is expected to rise as temperatures continue to hover around minus 30 degrees Celsius or lower overnight.
Emergency power rationing has been put into effect around Moscow.Some information for this report was provided by AFP.