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Scientists Decry Arctic Oil Expansion in Letter to US Senators


FILE - Three polar bears are seen on the Beaufort Sea coast within the 1002 Area of the National Arctic Wildlife Refuge in this undated handout photo provided by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska Image Library in 2005.

A group of 37 U.S.-based scientists whose research focuses on Arctic wildlife asked two U.S. senators in a letter Thursday not to open the National Arctic Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas exploration, according to a copy seen by Reuters.

The scientists, including several retired former officials from the Alaska Department of Fish & Game, the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, said in a letter to Senators Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Maria Cantwell of Washington that drilling for oil and gas in the refuge would be "incompatible with the purposes for which the refuge was established" — protecting fish and wildlife populations and the environments in which they live.

FILE - Sen. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, passes reporters as she leaves the Senate chamber on Capitol Hill in Washington, July 28, 2017.
FILE - Sen. Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, passes reporters as she leaves the Senate chamber on Capitol Hill in Washington, July 28, 2017.

Murkowski, a Republican, introduced legislation Wednesday that would create an oil and gas exploration program on the refuge's coastal plain, letting prospectors build any roads and other infrastructure they deemed necessary inside the refuge to carry out their operations.

Half of the available drilling royalties would go to the state of Alaska and half to the federal government. The program's administrator would be required to hold at least two lease sales within 10 years after the bill became law.

The scientists said drilling on the coastal plain would be particularly harmful because it contains a "unique compression" of habitats supporting animals like polar bears, grizzly bears and wolverines, representing "the greatest wildlife diversity of any protected area above the Arctic Circle."

Praise for scientists

In a Reuters interview, Cantwell, a Democrat, praised the scientists for spelling out why drilling would be so harmful to the refuge and said she would work to oppose the legislation.

FILE - Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, May 24, 2017.
FILE - Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., speaks during a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, May 24, 2017.

"To try to legislate mandated drilling in a wildlife refuge is just not where America is," she said.

Murkowski's spokeswoman declined to comment and referred a comment request to the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee.

The conflict over whether to allow drilling inside the refuge has deep roots. The U.S. Geological Survey estimates the area on the Prudhoe Bay in Northern Alaska has up to 12 billion barrels of recoverable crude, and Republicans, who now control Congress and the White House, have long wanted to open a portion of the refuge called the 1002 area.

Murkowski, who chairs the Senate Energy Committee, called the 1002 portion a "nonwilderness area" because the government put it aside decades ago for petroleum exploration. Last month, Democrats tried and failed to pass legislation blocking drilling there.

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