The White House says China must take more steps to allow its yuan currency to strengthen, and says that view is shared by many countries around the world.
Spokesman Robert Gibbs spoke Tuesday, hours before Chinese President Hu Jintao was to arrive in Washington for a state visit aimed at easing tensions between the world's two greatest economic powers.
Mr. Hu and President Barack Obama are also expected to discuss human rights, protections for intellectual property, energy, China's military buildup and multi-lateral tensions with North Korea.
Hu Jintao's Schedule in Washington
Tuesday, Jan. 18
4 p.m.: Chinese President Hu Jintao lands at Andrews Air Force Base, outside Washington.
Wednesday, Jan. 19
9 a.m.: U.S. President Barack Obama hosts an arrival ceremony for Hu on the South Lawn of the White House.
10 a.m.: Obama holds a small meeting with Hu in the Oval Office. Obama later holds an expanded meeting with Hu in the Cabinet Room.
TBA: Obama, Hu meet for about 45 minutes with U.S. and Chinese business leaders at the Eisenhower Executive Office Building.
TBA: Obama, Hu hold a joint news conference in the East Room of the White House.
1:30 p.m.: Biden hosts a lunch in honor of Hu's delegation at the State Department.
6 p.m.: Obama welcomes Hu at the North Portico of the White House for a state dinner.
Thursday, Jan. 20
Hu visits Capitol Hill and makes a policy speech before departing for Chicago.
Friday, Jan. 21
TBA: Hu participates in several Chicago events, before returning to Beijing.
Beijing has already announced $600 million in trade deals with American companies this week, and others are possible. But with China's annual surplus in trade with the United States running at more than $200 billion, some blunt discussions about economic differences are likely.
On Monday, three lawmakers from Mr. Obama's Democratic Party introduced legislation to pressure China to let its currency appreciate more rapidly. The legislation comes as U.S. lawmakers and economic analysts argue that China is manipulating its currency to keep it undervalued. Some analysts say the huge U.S. trade deficit could drop significantly if China let the yuan rise in value by 20 percent over the next three years.
In a pre-visit interview with two American newspapers, Mr. Hu avoided questions about human rights, but the issue could come up at a joint news conference Wednesday.
Both governments have stressed in recent days their desire to avoid confrontation as China rapidly increases its economic and military power.
Mr. Hu said in his interview with the Washington Post and Wall Street Journal that the two countries should seek common ground on a range of issues and "abandon the zero-sum Cold War mentality" in which one country's gain is another country's loss. He said both countries stand to gain from a sound relationship "and lose from confrontation."
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said last week that the United States does not view China's rise as a threat and is not interested in constraining its growth.