Men chat amid a band of harden lava that flowed from the Pacaya Volcano, near El Patrocinio village in San Vicente Pacaya,…
Men chat amid a band of harden lava that flowed from the Pacaya Volcano, near El Patrocinio village in San Vicente Pacaya, Guatemala, April 21, 2021.

EL PATROCINIO, GUATEMALA - Residents of small communities living around Guatemala's Pacaya volcano wake each day wondering if the lava will reach their homes.

A lava flow descending the volcano has advanced between El Patrocinio and San José el Rodeo. In the case of the latter, the lava has advanced to within two and a half blocks of the outermost homes.

Emma Quezada, a 38-year-old homemaker in one of those houses, has lived there her entire life and said she's used to the volcanic activity. Still, this time she's afraid.

"These last three days the lava stopped; we hope it stays there," Quezada said.

Local authorities had spoken to residents about moving the community to another location about 100 kilometers away, but without the space they have now, she said.

"As if you're going to go from here to a little piece of land!" she said. "Maybe we don't have a great thing here, but we live in blessed peace. We don't face any other danger, not even thieves. ... The options they give you don't compare with what we have here."

The Pacaya volcano rises about 2,552 meters between the departments of Guatemala and Escuintla south of the capital. It's a popular tourist destination, and 21 communities surround it.

In early February, a chasm opened in one of the volcano's flanks, and lava began to flow. It now stretches at least 5 kilometers. Meanwhile, ash and gases spewed from its crater.

Even if the lava doesn't reach their homes, the ash has damaged their corn crops and the pastures where their cows graze.

El Rodeo is home to 57 families, about 350 people, said Juventino Pineda, president of the Urban and Rural Development Community Council.

Pineda, 67, can recall various eruptions during his lifetime. "One of the worst was 1962. I was a child, and lava also came out of a fissure in the volcano. That time it was 20 kilometers of lava," he said.

This time, Pineda said, "we believe that at least 50% of the homes in the community would be destroyed because of the lava's path." There is an evacuation plan if the situation worsens.

"At night, when the volcano erupts, everything turns red, everything shines. It looks like day," he said.

Near the lava, the ambient temperature rises, and there's a light sulfur smell. A crunching can be heard.

"It's important to know that we need help. Maybe someone can help us on the international level," Pineda said.