World Bank President David Malpass speaks at a news conference during the World Bank/IMF Spring Meetings in Washington, April 11, 2019.
FILE - World Bank President David Malpass, pictured speaking in Washington in April 2019, told G-20 officials July 18, 2020, that they needed to "open the door" to talks on reducing the overall debt overhang for the poorest countries.

WASHINGTON/DUBAI - Finance officials from the Group of 20 countries Saturday called for all official bilateral creditors to implement fully a short-term debt freeze for the world's poorest countries, but they stopped short of extending the initiative into next year.

Also Saturday, to help the world’s poorest countries, Germany pledged 3 billion euros in long-term loans for the International Monetary Fund's Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT), Germany’s finance ministry said.

In April, IMF officials said they had received pledges of a combined $11.7 billion from Australia, Japan, Canada, France and Britain to replenish the PRGT. Spain has also contributed. The United States has been absent from the relief drive.

On the debt freeze, sources briefed on the G-20 meeting said there was strong support for extending the standstill beyond the end of 2020, given the severity of the economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic, but the group's final communique said only that the issue would be considered in the second half of 2020.

It also said nothing about growing calls for canceling, not just deferring, the debts of some of the poorest countries.

Challenge

The Debt Service Suspension Initiative, agreed upon by G-20 ministers in April, has proved challenging to implement, with only 42 of 73 eligible countries expressing interest thus far, saving just $5.3 billion in service payments instead of the $12 billion initially promised.

World Bank officials have singled out China, a G-20 member and the largest creditor for developing nations, for holding back debts owed to its state-owned development and state-owned companies.

World Bank President David Malpass also told G-20 officials on Saturday that they needed to "open the door" to talks on reducing the overall debt overhang for the poorest countries.

Failure of the private sector to participate has also been a growing concern. The Institute for International Finance last week said its members had not received any formal requests for debt relief from countries eligible for the DSSI.

Monitoring framework

The communique did not mention China, but G-20 officials said they would closely monitor implementation of the debt freeze and noted efforts to set up a fiscal monitoring framework to strengthen the quality of debt data and improve debt disclosure.

"All official bilateral creditors should implement this initiative fully and in a transparent manner," they said.

They also said they "strongly encourage" commercial lenders to provide relief when requested.

Decisions on extending the freeze would come after the International Monetary Fund and World Bank complete a report on the liquidity needs of countries before the next G-20 finance officials' meeting in October, the communique said.

The U.K.-based Jubilee Debt Campaign said the G-20's failure to take swifter and more decisive action would cost poor countries billions of dollars each month.

"We needed rapid and concerted action, but instead the G-20 have backtracked," said Sarah-Jayne Clifton, director of Jubilee Debt Campaign, one of many groups that have called for extending the debt freeze and expanding it.

More than 200 religious, labor, human rights, environmental and development groups signed a separate letter spearheaded by Jubilee USA Network that was sent this week to G-20 leaders, the White House and the IMF.