Russia has fined Apple $12 million, alleging monopolistic activities.
The Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS) said Tuesday that Apple was gaining an unfair advantage over other companies through its app store.
"Apple was found to have abused its dominant position in the iOS distribution market ... which resulted in a competitive advantage for its own products," the FAS said in a statement.
The ruling was sparked by a complaint from Russia-based cybersecurity company Kaspersky Lab, which said a version of its Safe Kids app had been rejected by Apple.
"We worked with Kaspersky to get their app in compliance with rules that were put in place to protect children," Apple said in a statement. "They now have 13 apps on the App Store and we have processed hundreds of updates for them."
Apple reportedly said it “respectfully disagreed” with the FAS decision, which it plans to appeal.
Earlier this month, Russia began enforcing a law that demands devices sold in Russia come with pre-installed domestic software. The legislation was intended to boost Russian tech companies.
Critics say the law is an attempt by the Russian government to control the internet.
Starting in July, companies that don’t comply could face fines.
Western tech firms have been facing pressure from Moscow. For example, Russia has slowed down Twitter, saying the company was not acting quickly enough to remove certain content not allowed in Russia.
Facebook and Google have also come under increased scrutiny.