LONDON - British Prime Minister Boris Johnson sent an unsigned letter to the European Union on
Saturday requesting a Brexit delay and a separate note saying that he did not want an extension, a British government source said.
Johnson was required to ask for a Brexit extension beyond Oct. 31 until the end of January after he missed a deadline on Saturday to secure backing for a deal in Parliament or support from lawmakers for leaving without a deal.
The source said a third document was also sent to Brussels on Saturday, signed by Britain's top envoy to the European Union.
Johnson had said earlier that he would not negotiate a further delay to Britain's departure from the European Union after losing a vote in Parliament on Saturday that obliged him to request the postponement. The move by Parliament increased the chances that the divorce would be delayed and thus increased the opportunity for opponents of Brexit to frustrate the United Kingdom's departure.
Parliament voted 322-306 in favor of a 26-word amendment that turned Johnson's Brexit finale on its head by leaving the prime minister exposed to a humiliating obligation to ask the EU for a delay until the end of January 2020.
"I will not negotiate a delay with the EU and neither does the law compel me to do so," Johnson told Parliament.
"I will tell our friends and colleagues in the EU exactly what I have told everyone else in the last 88 days that I have served as prime minister: that further delay would be bad for this country, bad for the European Union and bad for democracy."
Saturday's amendment, put forward by former Conservative cabinet minister Oliver Letwin, deflated Johnson's big Brexit day just as hundreds of thousands gathered to march on Parliament demanding another referendum on EU membership.
After several hours of heated debate, senior politicians — including Business Secretary Andrea Leadsom, House of Commons leader Jacob Rees-Mogg and Labour's foreign affairs spokeswoman Diane Abbott — were escorted from Parliament past jeering demonstrators by phalanxes of police.
French President Emmanuel Macron told Johnson a delay was in no one's interest, an official at the French presidency told Reuters.
Ireland believes granting an extension is preferable to Britain's leaving with no deal, but there is no guarantee that that view is shared throughout the EU, its foreign minister said.
In a move designed to prevent the United Kingdom from slipping out of the EU without a deal by design or default, Letwin's amendment delays Parliament's ultimate decision on Johnson's Brexit deal until the very end of the process.
By supporting Letwin, whom Johnson had expelled from the Conservative Party, Parliament exposed the prime minister to another law passed by his opponents that demanded he ask for a delay until Jan. 31, 2020, unless he had a deal approved by the end of Saturday.
Even if he is given an extension he doesn't want by the EU, Johnson could still take the country out of the bloc on Oct. 31 because the law allows him to if he can get all the legislation approved by that date.
Rees-Mogg said the government now planned to put Johnson's deal to a debate and vote on Monday, but the house speaker, John Bercow, said he would rule on Monday whether to allow that.
Letwin said he hoped Johnson's deal would succeed, but he wanted "an insurance policy which prevents the U.K. from crashing out on 31 October by mistake if something goes wrong during the passage of the implementing legislation."
Three years after the country voted 52% to 48% to leave the European project, many Britons say they are bored with the whole Brexit argument and just want the process to end. But others demonstrating on Saturday remain angry that Britain is leaving the EU and want that reversed.
Hannah Barton, 56, a cider maker from Derbyshire in central England, was draped in the EU flag. "We feel that we are voiceless. This is a national disaster waiting to happen and it is going to destroy the economy," she said.
Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the main opposition Labour Party, backed a second referendum, saying "the people should have the final say."
Protesters outside Parliament cheered as lawmakers backed Letwin's amendment.
Brexit "Super Saturday" topped a frenetic week that saw Johnson confound his opponents by clinching a new Brexit deal with the EU.
When it comes to a vote in a divided Parliament where he has no majority, Johnson must win the support of 320 lawmakers to pass his deal.
If he wins, he will go down in history as the leader who delivered a Brexit — for good or bad — that pulls the United Kingdom far out of the EU's orbit.
Should he fail, Johnson will face the humiliation of Brexit unraveling after repeatedly promising that he would get it done, "do or die," by Oct. 31.
Johnson's predecessor, Theresa May, was forced to delay the departure date. Parliament rejected her deal three times, by margins of between 58 and 230 votes, earlier this year.
He says lawmakers face the option of either approving the deal or propelling the United Kingdom to a disorderly no-deal exit that could divide the West, hurt global growth and bring renewed violence to Northern Ireland.
To win, Johnson must persuade enough Brexit-supporting rebels in both his Conservative Party and the Labour Party to back his deal. His Northern Irish allies and the three main opposition parties oppose it.
Some influential hardline Brexit supporters have said they will support the deal.