STATE DEPARTMENT - The United States is accusing authoritarian governments around the world of severe human rights “violations and abuses” carried out to control any activities that might threaten their power.
"Experience teaches that government officials who oppress, abuse, and tolerate the denial of the human rights of their own people are also responsible for creating social environments that are ripe for both economic and humanitarian crises, and that encourage corruption, violent conflict, and terrorism,” said U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo in a statement Wednesday unveiling the 2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices.
On Iran, the U.S. report highlighted the government’s response to widespread protests that began last November after a fuel price increase.
The Tehran government “blocked almost all international and local internet connections for most of a week, and security forces used lethal force to end the protests, killing approximately 1,500 persons and detaining 8,600, according to international media reports. There was no indication government entities were pursuing independent or impartial investigations into protester deaths,” the State Department said.
The U.S. report detailed a broader grim picture in Iran, citing significant human rights abuses including executions for crimes not meeting the international legal standard and without fair trials of individuals.
The State Department also said Iranian government officials materially contributed to human rights abuses in Syria, Iraq, and Yemen, through military support for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and pro-Iran militia groups.
On China, the State Department's human rights report focused on Chinese Communist Party officials’ intensified campaign of mass detention of members of Muslim minority groups in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang).
"In China, the Chinese Communist Party uses high-tech surveillance systems to monitor potential dissidents. It's imprisoning religious minorities in internment camps, part of its historic antipathy to religious believers," Pompeo told reporters at Wednesday's press briefing.
The State Department report says Chinese authorities reportedly have "arbitrarily detained more than one million Uighurs, ethnic Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and other Muslims in extrajudicial internment camps designed to erase religious and ethnic identities."
The report said official repression of the freedoms of speech, religion, movement, association and assembly of predominantly Uighurs and other ethnic and religious minorities in Xinjiang, and Tibetans in the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), was more severe than in other areas of the country.
Washington also notes that in China, human rights issues include arbitrary or unlawful killings, forced disappearances, and arbitrary detention by the government; harsh and life-threatening prison and detention conditions; physical attacks on and criminal prosecution of journalists, lawyers, writers, bloggers, dissidents, petitioners, and others as well as their family members; and the forcible return of asylum-seekers to North Korea.
On Saudi Arabia, while the U.S. rights report expressed concerns about the transparency and accountability of the Saudi government regarding the October 2018 killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey-- it did not specifically mention the observations of U.S. embassy personnel attending the suspects’ trial.
"Even though there may be high-profile trials in various countries, we tend not to report on them unless they're emblematic of what's going on,” said Robert Destro, an assistant secretary of State for democracy, human rights, and labor affairs.
"The murder of Jamal Khashoggi was an unacceptable crime. We have spoken with the Saudi leadership from the king down about our concerns. The position that we have taken hasn't changed,” he added.
The U.S. report said the Saudi government, in several cases, did not punish officials accused of committing human rights abuses, contributing to an environment of impunity. For example, following the killing of Khashoggi, a court sentenced five officials to death and three officials to prison on Dec. 23, 2019. The court ruled that guilt could not be established in the case of three other defendants.
Critics said the State Department’s human rights report shows a disconnect between facts on the ground and U.S. President Donald Trump’s policy.
Although countries highlighted by Pompeo during the release of the report--such as Iran, China, and Venezuela--deserve criticism for their dismal records, senior fellow at the Center for American Progress Elisa Massimino said, “omitting places like Saudi Arabia, Russia, and the Philippines—whose leaders President Trump is courting –-sends the damaging signal that the administration cares more about the violations of its adversaries than those of its friends and partners.”
On Venezuela, the report cited restrictions on political participation and the stifling of free expression.
"For more than a decade, political power has been concentrated in a single party with an authoritarian executive exercising significant control over the judicial, citizens’ power, and electoral branches of government,” said the State Department, citing the re-election of Nicolas Maduro as Venezuela’s president is “neither free nor fair” and deeply flawed.
The State Department report also pointed to issues including unlawful or arbitrary killings, including extrajudicial killings by security forces of the Maduro regime; forced disappearances; torture by security forces; arbitrary detention by security forces; harsh and life-threatening prison conditions; political prisoners; unlawful interference with privacy; and lack of judicial independence.
The U.S. report said the Maduro government restricts freedom of expression and press by routinely blocking signals and interfering with the operations of, or shutting down, privately owned television, radio, and other media outlets.