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African Union says Preparing 3,000-Troop Deployment to Sahel

FILE - Smail Chergui, African Union (AU) Commissioner for Peace and Security attends a news conference during the African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Feb. 11, 2019.

The African Union confirmed Thursday that it expected to send a temporary deployment of 3,000 troops to West Africa's Sahel region, where regional forces are struggling to respond to a nearly eight-year-old onslaught by armed Islamists.

The decision was made at the AU summit earlier this month, Smail Chergui, head of the AU's Peace and Security Commission, said at a press conference.

"On the decision of the summit to work on deploying a force of 3,000 troops to help the Sahel countries degrade terrorist groups, I think this is a decision that we'll be working on together with the G5 Sahel and ECOWAS," Chergui said.

"I think this decision has been taken because as we see, as you can recognise yourself, the threat is expanding, it's becoming more complex."

FILE - Leaders of Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Chad, and Mauritania pose for a photo at the G5 Sahel summit in Niamey, Dec. 15, 2019.
FILE - Leaders of Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Chad, and Mauritania pose for a photo at the G5 Sahel summit in Niamey, Dec. 15, 2019.

G5 Sahel is a 5,000-member joint force already on the ground in the Sahel, and ECOWAS is the West African regional bloc.

A localized revolt that began in northern Mali in 2012 has spread to the centre of the country and to neighboring Burkina Faso and Niger.

Around 4,000 people died in the three countries last year, a fivefold increase over 2016, according to U.N. figures.

The bloodshed has escalated despite the presence of a 13,000-strong U.N. peacekeeping force in Mali, and rattled coastal countries to the south of the Sahel.

Final decisions from the AU summit have yet to be published, but diplomats have confirmed details of the proposed Sahel deployment.

"The summit decided to deploy about 3,000 troops for a period of six months to work with the countries of the Sahel to deal with the menace that they are facing," Edward Xolisa Makaya, South Africa's ambassador to the AU, told AFP. "It's just a sign or a show of solidarity with the people of the Sahel."

South Africa took over as AU chair at the summit and plans to host an extraordinary summit of the body on security issues in May.

Makaya said he hoped the Sahel deployment would take place "during the course of the year".

But many details of the possible deployment have yet to be worked out.

Makaya said no countries had come forward to volunteer troops, and it was also unclear how the deployment would be financed.