With the departure of Tony Blair this week as prime minister of Britain, U.S. President George Bush has lost his biggest ally in the war in Iraq. While he faced skepticism, and even open hostility from much of the rest of the world over the war in Iraq, President Bush could rely on Tony Blair to stand by him throughout, even as that loyalty eroded Mr. Blair's support at home. VOA White House Correspondent Scott Stearns looks back at the Bush-Blair relationship.
When it comes to world leaders, there is no one George Bush has relied on more for support and solidarity than Tony Blair.
When the president stood before Congress following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Mr. Blair was there, sitting beside the First Lady.
"Once again, we are joined together in a great cause," said Mr. Bush. "I am so honored the British Prime Minister has crossed an ocean to show his unity with America. Thank you for coming, friend."
Public approval ratings for both men soared as they sent American and British forces against the Taleban in Afghanistan as part of a broadly backed fight against terrorism.
But much of that coalition failed to come together less than two years later when President Bush pushed for war against Saddam Hussein. Opposed by France, China and Russia, only Britain, among permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, backed the U.S. invasion.
Prime Minister Blair stood by the president at a sparsely attended pre-war summit in the Azores and during private meetings at Camp David, the presidential retreat.
"Our aim is to rid Iraq of weapons of mass destruction and make our world more secure," said Mr. Blair. "The justice of our cause lies in the liberation of the Iraqi people. And to them we say: We will liberate you. The day of your freedom draws near."
But public support for both the president and the prime minister began to fade as the war dragged on and no weapons of mass destruction were found.
"People still don't understand what on earth Blair was doing in joining the invasion of Iraq," said Rodney Barker, a professor of government at the London School of Economics.
Mr. Barker says Mr. Blair's allegiance with President Bush was so strong, that the prime minister himself suffered most politically, not his Labor Party, which remains in power with Gordon Brown taking over as government chief.
"Public opinion was against him. The churches were against him. The military was against him. The pope was against him. Pretty well everybody was against him," he added. "And he made it his crusade. 'I believe I am right.' The mission-driven politician. Well, that is rather good news for the Labor Party, because it means that people can associate Tony Blair with the war, what they see as George Bush and Tony Blair, not George Bush and New Labor."
Disgruntled Labor members complained that their leader too closely followed Mr. Bush. The president defended his friend against such accusations at a joint White House news conference.
REPORTER: "Mr. President, first, the prime minister is sometimes, perhaps unfairly, characterized in Britain as your poodle. I was wondering if that is the way you may see your relationship, and, perhaps, more seriously, do you feel…"
BLAIR: "Don't answer yes to that question, if you would. That would be difficult."
BUSH: "I admire him a lot. You know why? When he tells you something he means it."
Although analysts predict that Mr. Blair's legacy will be tarnished by his support of the Iraq war, President Bush says he does not know what history will make of his partnership with Prime Minister Blair, but he is not concerned.
Prime Minister Blair says he has tried to do what is right, and would ally himself with the president again, if he had to do it over.
Robert Hutchings is a former director of European Affairs on the U.S. National Security Council and is now a diplomat in residence at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.
"This was Blair's decision," he noted. "He made a calculation. He has said repeatedly that he firmly believed that he was doing the right thing. I don't have any reason to doubt that he believed that. I think he was wrong. I think the majority of Britons also think he was wrong."
When asked recently if Tony Blair's support for an unpopular war may have led him to step down early, Mr. Bush joked that, as he had not polled the Labor Party, he did not know. After a pause, Mr. Bush added, "could be."