A new survey on HIV and AIDS in South Africa indicates that the number of new infections among children and teenagers is declining.
The study, conducted by the Human Sciences Research Council, says the declines coincided with increased condom usage among people between ages 15 and 24.
The head of the council, Dr. Olive Shisana, says the change in HIV prevalence is most likely attributable to implementation of several HIV-prevention programs.
Ninety percent of South African youths say they have received some communication about the disease from the government.
However, the report notes that one-third of South African women between 25 and 29 are infected with the disease.
Some 5.2 million people are living with HIV and AIDS in South Africa, the most of any country in the world.
The Human Sciences Research Council is recommending that HIV testing be routinely offered to all patients at the country's health facilities.