A human rights group is warning of
another round of mass evictions in Zimbabwe's capital.
International says thousands of people in Harare may soon be kicked out of
their stalls and homes. It says most of
those facing possible eviction were also targeted by the government in 2005,
when hundreds of thousands of people were evicted.
"We've spoken very recently to the
deputy mayor of the Harare City Council and it appears that an estimated 200
people from an informal settlement in the suburb of Gunhill…and then thousands
of informal traders from across the city face being forcibly evicted," says the
London-based Amy Agnew, Amnesty's
campaigner for Zimbabwe.
Signs of pending evictions
have been a series of articles in the state newspaper, which is often a
mouthpiece for…the intentions of the government," she says. "And we had this conversation directly with
the deputy mayor himself, who confirmed that these are the plans. And without putting a timeline on them [the
deputy mayor] said that this was in line to take place."
of those facing possible eviction have received any notice or due process, says
deputy mayor told Amnesty International that city authorities are considering
evicting these people from what they call illegal settlements and marketplaces
to restore order."
says the official said the people posed a health hazard.
we know is that most of the people at risk of these evictions were victims of
Operation Murambatsvina, which was the program of mass forced evictions…in
2005, implemented by the Zimbabwean government," Agnew says.
estimated 700,000 people were evicted from makeshift homes and stalls at that
of them were actually put back to the settlements where they were forcibly
evicted from, she says. "So the government came in, forcibly evicted them,
trashed their homes and sent them off, many of them to their rural areas."
But many returned
then told to come back to the rubble of their former homes and rebuild. Others stayed with relatives. Others continue to live in absolute
destitution…as a result of those evictions,' she says.
years later, she says, they have not received any compensation.
government has an obligation not to carry out these kinds of evictions until
all other feasible alternatives have been explored and until there's been some
kind of genuine consultation with the affected communities," she says.
Before any eviction takes place, she
says, there must be adequate notice and no one should be made homeless.