Pope Benedict XVI began a three day visit to the Czech Republic with a
call for the nation to rediscover its Christian roots. Forty years of
communist rule in the country stifled religious activities and left the
number of Catholics in decline and religious practice in general at
The 82-year old pontiff urged Czechs to rediscover their Christian roots.
Under communism, which ended with the 1989 Velvet Revolution, the church was repressed.
Research shows that today nearly half of the country's population of 10 million claim to be non-believers.
Speaking in Czech, the pope said the Roman Catholic Church has been battered by four decades of totalitarian rule until the fall of communism.
The pontiff explains that the cost of 40 years of political repression when church leaders were imprisoned and Christians harassed is "not to be underestimated." He says that "a particular tragedy" for the Czech Republic was what he calls "the ruthless attempt by the government of that time to silence the voice of the church." He says now that religious freedom has been restored, all the citizens of the Czech Republic should "rediscover the Christian traditions which have shaped their culture."
Speaking at the same ceremony, Czech President Vaclav Klaus made clear that despite Czech distrust toward religion, the pope should feel welcomed.
Mr. Klaus says he welcomes the pontiff in Prague and the Czech Republic from all of his heart. And he hastens to add that he does not only speak for himself or his wife "but on behalf of all Czechs."
The pope's attempts to increase public confidence in the Catholic Church are overshadowed by several disputes, including the return of church properties that were confiscated by the Communist regime in 1948.
An enduring symbol of that struggle is the 14th-century St. Vitus Cathedral, the Gothic centerpiece of Prague's medieval Hradcany Castle. Two decades after the collapse of communism, the church is still fighting to recover it from the government.
The papal's envoy in the Czech Republic, Archbishop Diego Causero, has told Vatican Radio that the Catholic Church also seeks the return, or compensation, for mainly rural properties, including forests.
"Practically for 50 years it has been taken from the church and it has been used by the state. The church does not want to receive back what is lost during the period. We would like only want the of properties or compensation where properties can not be identified anymore or can not be given back because something is build on that."
Among his first scheduled appointments Saturday was a visit to the Church of Our Lady of Victory in Prague, which holds a statue of the Infant Jesus and has become a magnet for worshippers from around the world.
Father Renzi, a monk from India assigned to the church, described the pope's arrival at the site as historic.
"We are very excited because the father of the Catholic Church is visiting this church. And this is the first time that any pope visits this church," he said. "This is the original shrine of Infant Jesus. And the pope visiting this shrine of Infant Jesus means that he is reaching out to all the shrines that are in the world which are dedicated to the Infant Jesus."
Czech organizers hope the pope's visit will encourage 100,000 Catholic faithful, including pilgrims from neighboring Austria and Poland, to pack an airfield for Sunday's outdoor Mass in the town of Brno.
The gathering has been described as "the highlight" of the pontiff's three-day pilgrimage in the Czech Republic.