The President of the semi-autonomous Southern
Sudan has reportedly said that there is a real chance the results of the 2011
referendum on the future of South Sudan will lead to secession from the north.
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Salva Kiir, who heads the Christian and animist
south, reportedly made the comment Sunday to the ongoing conference of 20 Sudanese political
parties in the Southern Sudan capital, Juba.
Fouad Hikmat, the African Union
and Sudan advisor to the International Crisis Group said President Kiir's statement was probably motivated by
what the South sees as the lack full implementation of the CPA.
is talking about…the southerners of South Sudan might most probably decide in
the referendum to go for separation. And he's saying this because he feels that
the major partner in the government of national unity is not helping him in the
total implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement," he said.
said the South Sudan leader also told the Juba conference that any unity
between the North and South must add value to the current status of the South.
I heard him saying today is that unity they (the south) don't mind to think
about it. And he raised a very significant question. He said what kind of
unity? Is it unity to maintain the status quo of Sudan of the last years which
didn't address all the grievances and didn't allow political accommodation for
all the Sudanese? If that is the unity then it is not attractive for them,"
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said Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir's National Congress Party (NCP) was
invited but did not attend.
was invited, including the rebel groups and so on. But the NCP unfortunately
did not attend and also the DUP (the Democratic Unionist Party). And so this is
really unfortunate because it is an opportunity because this is not about
regime change. This is about trying to save Sudan from implosion because very
clearly Sudan is moving toward a very dangerous situation," he said.
said President Salva Kiir's comment does not threaten the peace process in
not because it is part of the peace process. At some point they (the South) are
going to determine their status whether they go for unity or separation. It is
not in violation, but it is actually total implementation of the Comprehensive
Peace Agreement," Hikmat said.
said the first day of the conference made substantial progress.
(Sunday) was the opening session when all the people were invited, including
the observers from the international community. And every head of the political
party presented his position. And so far everybody thinks that this first
session was very successful," he said.
said participants were divided into five working groups dealing with five
different issues which the committees will start to deliberate on beginning
He said the committees would meet
probably Tuesday to present their recommendations.
2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) calls for national elections in Sudan next
year, followed by a referendum in 2011 on the future status of the south.
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