U.S. authorities said they would pursue federal hate crime charges after the man allegedly behind Wednesday night's fatal mass shooting at a historic African-American church in Charleston, South Carolina, was arrested.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation identified Dylann Storm Roof, 21, of Lexington, S.C., as their suspect.
Roof was stopped in a car in North Carolina Thursday afternoon and taken into custody in Shelby, North Carolina, about 400 kilometers from the church. The suspect was flown back to South Carolina in the evening, in the custody of the FBI.
Carson Cowles, the suspect’s uncle, told Reuters that he recognized Roof in a photo released by police, and described him as quiet and soft-spoken. Roof's father gave Dylann Roof a .45-caliber pistol for his 21st birthday in April, Cowles added.
Charleston Chief Mullen said at a news conference earlier Thursday that the gunman, described as a white male in his early to mid-20s, walked into the church during a weekly prayer meeting and sat with the churchgoers for about an hour before he opened fire, killing nine people.
Several others were wounded in the massacre, Mullen said.
President's personal connection
In televised remarks to the press, President Barack Obama said he and his wife, Michelle, personally know several members of the church, including the pastor who was murdered.
“To say our thoughts and prayers are with them and their families and community doesn’t say enough to communicate the heartache, sadness and anger that we feel,” Obama said.
The president condemned the killings as "senseless."
Obama noted Emanuel African Methodist's long involvement in the nation's civil rights movement.
"Mother Emmanuel is in fact more than a church," he said. "This was a place of worship founded by African-Americans seeking liberty."
He said Americans must come to terms with increasing gun violence in the nation.
"Now is the time for mourning and for healing, but let's be clear — at some point, we as a country will have to reckon with the fact that this type of mass violence does not happen in other advanced countries," he said.
Wednesday's incident was at least the 11th time the president has publicly addressed the country following a mass shooting, a review of White House records shows.
Hate crime investigation
The U.S. Justice Department said earlier Thursday it had opened a federal hate crime investigation into the shooting.
The hate crime investigation involves the Justice Department's Civil Rights Division, the FBI and the U.S. Attorney's Office in South Carolina.
“This is a crime that has reached into the heart of that community ... acts like this have no place in our country," U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch said.
Pastor among those killed
Three men and six women were killed in the church. Clementa Pinckney, the senior pastor and a South Carolina state senator, was killed in the rampage.
Charleston County Coroner Rae Wooten identified the other victims as Cynthia Hurd, 54; Tywanza Sanders, 26; Sharonda Coleman-Singleton, 45; Myra Thompson, 59; Ethel Lance, 70; Susie Jackson, 87; the Rev. Daniel Simmons Sr., 74; and DePayne Middleton-Doctor, 49.
State House Minority leader Todd Rutherford told The Associated Press Pinckney “never had anything bad to say about anybody, even when I thought he should."
“He was always out doing work either for his parishioners or his constituents. He touched everybody," Rutherford said.
Pinckney, 41, was a married father of two who was elected to the statehouse at age 23, making him its youngest member at the time.
City in mourning
Choking back tears, South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley asked for prayers for the victims' families.
"We woke up today, and the heart and soul of South Carolina was broken. And so we have some grieving to do and we've got some pain we have to go through. Parents are having to explain to their kids how they can go to church and feel safe, and that's not something we ever thought we had to deal with," she said.
Charleston Mayor Joseph Riley called the assault "a most unspeakable and heartbreaking tragedy."
“The only reason that someone could walk into a church and shoot people praying is out of hate,” Riley said. “It is the most dastardly act that one could possibly imagine, and we will bring that person to justice. ... This is one hateful person.”
Riley pledged the Charleston community would "put our arms around that church and that church family."
Community organizer Christopher Cason said he felt certain the shootings were racially motivated.
"I am very tired of people telling me that I don't have the right to be angry," Cason said. "I am very angry right now."
The attack follows the April shooting of Walter Scott, an unarmed black man, in neighboring North Charleston by Michael Slager, a white police officer, leading to major protests in the area.
The shooting prompted South Carolina lawmakers to push through a bill helping all police agencies in the state get body cameras. Pinckney, the pastor, was a sponsor of that bill.
Hate Crimes in the U.S.
What Is a Hate Crime?
A hate crime in the United States is a traditional offense, such as murder, arson or vandalism, with an added element of bias.
For the purposes of collecting statistics, Congress has defined a hate crime as a “criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, ethnic origin or sexual orientation.”
Hate itself is not a crime – and the FBI is mindful of protecting freedom of speech and other civil liberties.
Source: U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation
By federal standards, a hate crime intends to hurt or intimidate someone based on race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, or disability.
The last tally by the FBI, published late last year, showed that of the nearly 6,000 hate crimes reported in the United States in 2012, almost half (48.5 percent) were based on race, surpassing sexual orientation (20.8 percent) and religion (17.4 percent).
The number of documented hate groups across the country was at a 10-year low of 784 in 2014, with 19 reported in South Carolina, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center.
"Black churches have long been the target of white supremacist violence, going back to the 1950s, 1960s and beyond," the SPLC's Cohen told VOA. Houses of worship were burned to the ground. But they weren't the only targets of violence.
"During the Civil Rights era, Jewish temples were burned. Three years ago in Wisconsin, a white supremacist walked into a Sikh temple and killed six worshippers," Cohen noted. "Until what happened in South Carolina yesterday, that was the most significant body count from any act of violence on a place of worship in our country."
VOA's Katherine Gypson and Richard Green contributed to this report. Some material for the report from AP and Reuters.