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China, Taiwan to Hold Historic Talks


Opposition protesters shout slogans with placards opposing the planned meeting of Taiwan's President Ma Ying-jeou with his China counterpart Xi Jinping in Taipei, Taiwan, Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2015.

Just weeks before Taiwan holds general and presidential elections, Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou announced he will hold face-to-face talks with Chinese leader Xi Jinping in Singapore.

The meeting Saturday will be the first between Taiwanese and Chinese leaders since 1949 and authorities in China are predicting it will be a “major historic milestone” in the development of cross-strait relations.

In Taiwan, opposition politicians immediately voiced their concern about the talks and dozens began to rally in the capital, Taipei. Some called for the impeachment of Ma, noting that before he was re-elected to a second term in office, the president pledged to not meet with China’s leaders or discuss unification.

China claims democratically ruled Taiwan is part of its own territory and wants the two to reunify. However, support for unification with China in Taiwan is extremely low.

Surprised by meeting

Democratic Progressive Party Chairwoman Tsai Ing-wen, who is also the party’s candidate in the upcoming presidential race, said she, like many others, was surprised by the announcement.

"A meeting of the leaders of the two sides across the strait is a great event, involving the dignity and national interests of Taiwan,” Tsai said. “But to let the people know in such a hasty and chaotic manner is damaging to Taiwan's democracy."

A spokesman for Ma said no private agreements will be signed during the talks and stressed that the talks aim to solidify relations between the two sides and “keep the status quo across the Taiwan Strait."

This combination of file photos shows Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou, left, and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
This combination of file photos shows Taiwan President Ma Ying-jeou, left, and Chinese President Xi Jinping.

The governments of Taiwan and China do not recognize each other and working out some agreement about how the two should address one another has long been a stumbling block to such high-level talks.

President Ma tried last year, albeit unsuccessfully, to attend the Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation leaders’ summit in Beijing. According to Chinese state media, the “cross-strait leaders” will not address one another as president during the meeting, but instead call one another “Mister.”

After holding brief talks in the afternoon, the two will hold separate press conferences and dine together in the evening.

Beijing’s grip

Relations between Taiwan and China have bloomed during Ma’s tenure, but so has public concern -- especially among younger voters -- about the island’s over-reliance on China.

Since coming to office, Ma has worked to sign 23 cross-strait trade agreements.

But even as its trade and tourism ties have grown during Ma's time in office, Taiwan’s economy has continued to struggle and there have been growing questions about just how much the island is benefiting from closer engagement with China.

An effort to push a Cross-Strait Service Trade Agreement through the legislature without a clause-by-clause review was met with strong opposition last year, when young protesters occupied Taiwan’s Legislative Yuan.

In response to the announcement about the trip, protesters began to gather outside Taiwan’s Legislative Yuan and the nearby Presidential Office shortly after news of the meeting began to circulate.

Some urged Ma to call off the meeting. Protests are expected to continue and gain steam as the date for Ma’s departure approaches.

According to public opinion polls, the DPP has a strong lead over Ma’s Nationalist Party and is poised to not only win the presidential elections, but also take control over Taiwan’s legislature for the first time in the island’s history. The elections are scheduled for January 16.

Election impact

How the meeting could impact the elections was not immediately clear. Bruce Jacobs, an emeritus professor at Monash University in Australia, said the meeting is unlikely to have too much of an impact.

“If anything, it could work to Tsai’s advantage,” he said, referring to the opposition DPP’s presidential candidate, Tsai Ing-wen.

Another, and perhaps more interesting question, Jacobs added, is why is President Xi meeting with Ma now?

“I think that Xi feels that his policy with respect to Taiwan is beginning to fail,” he said. “People in Taiwan are not interested and no matter what he does it is going to fail.”

FILE - Taiwan's main opposition Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) Chairperson Tsai Ing-wen gives a speech at a party congress in Taoyuan, northern Taiwan, Sept. 19, 2015.
FILE - Taiwan's main opposition Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) Chairperson Tsai Ing-wen gives a speech at a party congress in Taoyuan, northern Taiwan, Sept. 19, 2015.

‘Historic Talks’

Chinese state media underscored news of the talks throughout the day, highlighting that Singapore was the same location where representatives of the Nationalist and Communist Party held their first talks in 1992.

Reports also emphasized how relations between Taiwan and China have improved since Ma stepped into office, but little mention was made of the challenges and Ma's lagging popularity.

Eric Chu, the Nationalist Party’s presidential candidate, echoed China’s position about the meeting, saying the talks would be an important milestone for cross-strait relations.

In the United States, White House spokesman John Earnest welcomed the news.

"The fundamental interest of the United States is in a stable and peaceful cross-strait relationship," Earnest said during a regular briefing. "But, you know, we'll have to see what actually comes out of the meeting."

Ma’s Nationalist Party fled China to Taiwan after losing a civil war to Mao Zedong's communists in 1949.

In Taiwan, the party ruled the island with an iron fist for decades, silencing dissidents, much like the Communist Party does in China. But unlike China, Taiwan gradually opened up, allowing for opposition parties. The island held its first democratic elections in 1996.