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Indonesia President Proposes Relocating Capital to Borneo


Indonesia's President Joko Widodo delivers his state of the nation address ahead of the country's Independence Day at the parliament building in Jakarta, Indonesia, Aug. 16, 2019.

Updated Aug. 16, 2019, at 4:43 a.m.

JAKARTA — Indonesia’s president on Friday proposed to move the capital from Jakarta, a crowded, polluted city of 10 million people, to the island of Borneo, though he left Indonesians guessing as to the exact location.

President Joko Widodo suggested a new capital in Kalimantan, on the Indonesian side of the island shared with Malaysia and Brunei, in a speech to parliament, a day before the country’s independence day holiday.

“I hereby request your permission to move our national capital to Kalimantan,” said Widodo, who will be sworn in for a second term in October after winning an election in April.

“A capital city is not just a symbol of national identity, but also a representation of the progress of the nation. This is for the realization of economic equality and justice,” he added.

Widodo toured Kalimantan in May to survey potential sites and last month tweeted a shortlist of three provinces: Central, East and South Kalimantan.

Jakarta
Jakarta

The new capital should tick several boxes, officials say. It must be in the center of Indonesia, an archipelago of more than 17,000 islands that stretches some 5,000 km (3,000 miles) from its western to eastern tips.

The risk of natural disasters should also be lower than other parts of Indonesia often hit by earthquakes, floods and volcanoes.

Jakarta is one of the world’s most densely populated cities, home to more than 10 million people and three times that number when counting those who live in surrounding towns.

FILE - This view shows a sea wall used to keep sea water from flowing into Jakarta, July 27, 2019. Indonesia's president wants the speedy construction of the giant sea wall to save the low-lying capital of Jakarta from sinking under the sea.
FILE - This view shows a sea wall used to keep sea water from flowing into Jakarta, July 27, 2019. Indonesia's president wants the speedy construction of the giant sea wall to save the low-lying capital of Jakarta from sinking under the sea.

The city is prone to floods and is sinking because of subsidence, caused by millions of residents using up groundwater and leaving rock and sediment to pancake on top of each other.

Moving the capital to a safer, less congested location would cost up to $33 billion, according to planning minister Bambang Brodjonegoro.

The price tag includes new government offices and homes for about 1.5 million civil servants expected to pack up and start moving in 2024.

Widodo had been expected to announce the location of Indonesia’s new capital Friday, but authorities have been cautious about revealing too much, fearing the news would send land prices soaring.

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