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Ecuador's Government, Indigenous Leaders Reach Agreement to End Protests

People celebrate after an agreement between Indigenous organizations and Ecuador's government was signed, in Quito, Ecuador, June 30, 2022.

Ecuador's government and Indigenous groups' leaders on Thursday reached an agreement to end more than two weeks of protests against the social and economic policies of President Guillermo Lasso that left at least eight dead, Indigenous leaders said.

Protests organized by Indigenous organization CONAIE erupted across Ecuador June 13, with demonstrators' demands including lower fuel prices and limits to further expansion of the mining and oil industries.

The protests also led to food and medicine shortages and severely affected the oil industry, Ecuador's main source of income, costing the country $213 million, according to Energy Ministry figures.

"We have achieved the supreme value to which we all aspire: peace in our country," Lasso said in a tweet that celebrated the end of the protests.

As part of the deal, the government agreed to again lower fuel costs, including on the most used gasoline and diesel, by an extra 5 cents, following previous cuts of 10 cents per gallon.

The total price cut of 15 cents on both fuels will cost $340 million a year, the Finance Ministry said.

Lasso also offered to scrap a decree for oil projects and reform a similar one for mining projects. The reform will ensure communities have the right to be consulted on such developments.

"We're going to keep fighting," said CONAIE leader Leonidas Iza, though adding that protests would be suspended following the agreement. Some leaders disagreed over certain points of the deal.

Lasso's adversarial relationship with Ecuador's National Assembly deteriorated during the protests. Opposition lawmakers pushed a vote to oust him earlier this week, which he narrowly survived.

Protesters complained of police violence during the demonstrations, and the government reported scores of injured security force members, while one soldier was killed during an attack on a convoy carrying fuel to Ecuador's largest oil field.

Energy Minister Xavier Vera said Thursday that the country expected to begin recovering oil wells closed during the protests, aiming to return the majority to production within a month.

Ecuador's pre-crisis oil production of 500,000 barrels per day (bpd) had fallen to 234,310 bpd as of Wednesday after more than 1,200 wells were shut.