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Fines, Fear, Self-Censorship: Russia's New Ukraine Law Casts Chill


A police car is parked in Red Square, with St. Basil's Cathedral in the background, in Moscow, March 4, 2022.

After almost eight hours sitting in a police station and court, Vera Kotova became one of the first people to be judged and fined just under $240 under a new Russian law to punish anyone deemed to have discredited the armed forces.

Her crime was writing "No to war" accompanied by a heart in the snow at the foot of a statue of Soviet state founder Vladimir Lenin in a square in the Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk during a sparsely attended protest rally.

Her punishment, decided by the central district court of Krasnoyarsk, was the 30,000-ruble fine, which she is appealing.

The incident went viral on local media and the Telegram messaging app., helped by a video of an unidentified policeman using his foot to rub away the phrase that is now banned in Russia.

"It was one of the first cases under the so-called military censure law about discrediting the army, one of the first court rulings, literally because a person wrote their opinion in the snow, just two words," said Kotova's lawyer, Vladimir Vasin.

The phrase "no to war" in Russian is "nyet voinye."

The Kremlin did not immediately respond to a request for comment. Contacted late in the day after working hours, the Krasnoyarsk police were not available for comment and the local court could not be reached.

On March 4, Russia's parliament passed a law making public actions aimed at "discrediting" Russia's army illegal and banning the spread of fake news, or the "public dissemination of deliberately false information about the use of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation."

President Vladimir Purin sent his forces into Ukraine on Feb. 24 in what Moscow calls a “special military operation” to demilitarize and “denazify” its neighbor. Ukraine and most of the world have denounced that as a false pretext for an invasion of a democratic country.

Fear for jobs, reprisals

Kotova was fined the $239 but she has yet to pay it, pending appeal. The average monthly wage in Russia is about $621.

But she and several other protesters say they fear they have put their and their families' jobs at risk by protesting or expressing doubts over the war, underlining the growing self-censorship the new laws have forced on Russians who criticize or oppose the war.

Speaking from Krasnoyarsk, Vasin told Reuters that "because of those words, as everyone can see, those people who do that are getting arrested...Under the new law, those words are banned. The court does not rule in favor of a person who writes two simple words in the snow."

He said a few days before Kotova's case, two women were fined 150,000 rubles because they had gone for a walk in a square with one wearing a face mask with the phrase on it, the other had the two words on her hat.

The two were photographed by a local news site smiling as the left court having received their fines. Their names were not disclosed by the lawyer or the news site.

Gauging the extent of support for the war in Ukraine is difficult. State polling agency VTsIOM said Putin's approval rating had risen 6 percentage points to 70% in the week to Feb. 27. FOM, which provides research for the Kremlin, said his rating had risen 7 percentage points to 71% in the same period.

But it is increasingly challenging to access or present an alternative view of events in Ukraine.

Several liberal Russian media and Western-based broadcasters have suspended operations in Russia to protect their reporters, though Britain's BBC said it was resuming English-language reporting from Russia on March 8 because of the "urgent need to report from inside Russia."

The law on the "public dissemination of deliberately false information about the use of the armed forces of the Russian Federation" provides for imprisonment for up to 15 years if it caused "serious consequences" or a fine of up to 1.5 million rubles.

The OVD-info protest-monitoring group, which has for years documented anti-Kremlin protests, said 13,912 people have been detained since the invasion began.

OVD-info itself was declared a "foreign agent" in September, a label handed to several outlets in a move critics say is designed to stifle dissent, and in December, Russia's communication watchdog blocked its website.

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