French police warned Thursday they would prevent so-called "Freedom Convoys" from blockading Paris, as protesters against COVID-19 rules began to drive toward the capital.
Inspired by truckers paralyzing the Canadian capital, truckers and other motorists from across France are answering a call to converge on Paris on Friday.
The movement has raised fears of a repeat of the 2018 "yellow vest" anti-government protests that rocked France, only two months before President Emmanuel Macron is expected to seek reelection.
"There will be a special deployment … to prevent blockages of major roads, issue tickets and arrest those who infringe on this protest ban," the Paris police force said in a statement.
The city's ban will remain in force until Monday.
Protesters face fines
Police said that anyone blocking roads faced up to two years in prison, a fine of $5,140 and a three-year driving ban.
"If people want to demonstrate in a normal fashion, they can do so," Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin told the LCI channel. But, he added, "If they want to block traffic, we will intervene."
The authorities in neighboring Belgium also issued warnings as participants appeared to want to move on to Brussels, the Belgian and European Union capital, on Monday for what they called "a European convergence."
Brussels Mayor Philippe Close said the city would ban the demonstrations on the simple grounds that no one had applied for a permit for the convoys to enter.
"Measures have been taken to prevent the blockade of the Brussels region," Close wrote on Twitter.
And Austrian police said no "Freedom Convoy" would be allowed in Vienna, saying the vehicles would cause an "unacceptable nuisance" as well as pollution from fuel emissions.
Many protesters appeared undaunted in France.
"We'll be heading to the capital whatever happens," Adrien Wonner, who was planning to set off from the northern Normandy region, told AFP.
'Yellow vest ' prostests
The 27-year-old, a past "yellow vests" protester, added that demonstrators wanted "to make our voices heard" but "not to blockade" Paris.
Anger over coronavirus restrictions is high on their agenda, particularly the "health pass" system that prevents the unvaccinated from entering enclosed public areas such as restaurants, bars, long-distance trains or sports stadiums.
Remi Monde, a prominent social media backer of the convoys, told AFP that their top demand was a "withdrawal of the health pass and all the measures that compel or pressure people to get vaccinated."
After conventional demonstrations failed to achieve results, "we want to try something else, and see what the government's response will be to joyous, pacifist people," he added.
COVID isn't only issue
But like in Ottawa, the French protests were poised to extend beyond COVID-19 issues, including low wages and high energy costs, the same grievances that fueled the "yellow vest" demonstrations.
The "yellow vests," so called because they wore fluorescent safety jackets that vehicles in France are required to have, had quickly added "anti-system protests" to their original grievance over fuel price rises, Laurence Bindner, a co-founder of JOS Project, a platform for the analysis of extremist online content, told AFP.
Government spokesman Gabriel Attal said he recognized the public's weariness with infection control measures. He also indicated that the country may be in a position to drop its obligatory vaccine pass in late March or early April as cases fall.