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Hollande to Visit Mali as Military Operation Winds Down

People hold Malian and French flags during the reopening ceremony of Mahamane Fondogoumo elementary school in the town center of Timbuktu February 1, 2013. REUTERS/Benoit Tessier (MALI - Tags: POLITICS SOCIETY EDUCATION) - RTR3D7ZT
French President Francois Hollande is expected to visit Mali Saturday, three weeks after French forces launched their intervention against Islamist militants in the former French colony.

A statement from the president's office says he will be accompanied by the defense and development ministers.

The president's visit comes as French-backed Malian forces were securing the town of Kidal, the last major stronghold of Islamist militants in the country's north.

Military officials said Friday that Islamist rebels have left the town near the Algerian border and are believed to be hiding in the surrounding mountains and desert.

Foreign Troop Commitments to Mali

Foreign Troop Commitments to Mali

  • France 2,000 on the ground, 500 more committed
  • Chad to send 2,000
  • Nigeria to send 1,200
  • Benin to send 650
  • Burkina Faso, Niger, Senegal, Togo have committed 500 each
  • Guinea and Ghana are also sending troops
An official with the Economic Community of West African States [ECOWAS] says the first phase of the international operation in Mali is about to end. In a VOA interview, political director Abdel-Fatau Musah said regional forces with AFISMA [African-led International Support Mission to Mali] are being deployed to liberated regions in the country's north.

“AFISMA is already preparing a contingency plan for that to occupy and secure the liberated zones. And to also take active measures to make sure that those forces that are on the run are neutralized, so that they don’t constitute a permanent threat in the desert,” said Musah.

On Thursday, French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian declared the intervention in Mali a success, but added that Mali's situation is not yet secure. The minister said in an interview on French radio that the Malians must establish "a reconciliation process" to ensure a stable future.

Mali's interim president, Dioncounda Traore, has said he will not hold talks with Islamists who controlled the north before French and Malian forces drove them out.

Traore told French radio Thursday, however, he would consider meeting with the Tuareg rebel group MNLA if it drops its claim to Malian territory.

The MNLA has been fighting for a Tuareg homeland. It seized part of northern Mali last year and later joined forces with Islamic militants when the Malian government collapsed.

The Tuaregs later split with the militants when they imposed conservative Islamic law in the north, and the MNLA now says it backs the French military operation in Mali.